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Tooth movement activates the central amygdala and the lateral hypothalamus by the magnitude of the force applied.

Novaes, Ana Paula Ribeiro; da Rocha, Maria José Alves; Leite-Panissi, Christie Ramos Andrade.
Angle Orthod; 80(1): 111-5, 2010 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19852649


To determine if the magnitude of the force used to induce incisor tooth movement promotes distinct activation in cells in the central amygdala (CEA) and lateral hypothalamus (LH) of rats. Also, the effect of morphine on Fos immunoreactivity (Fos-IR) was investigated in these nuclei. MATERIALS AND


Adult male rats were anesthetized and divided into six groups only anesthetized (control), without orthodontic appliance (OA), OA but without force, OA activated with 30g or 70g, OA with 70g in animals pretreated with morphine (2 mg/kg, intraperitoneal). Three hours after the onset of the experiment the rats were reanesthetized and perfused with 4% paraformaldehyde. The brains were removed and fixed, and sections containing CEA and LH were processed for Fos protein immunohistochemistry.


The results show that in the control group, the intramuscular injection of a ketamine/ xylazine mixture did not induce Fos-IR cells in the CEA or in the LH. Again, the without force group showed a little Fos-IR. However, in the 70g group the Fos-IR was the biggest observed (P < .05, Tukey) in the CEA and LH compared with the other groups. In the 30g group, the Fos-IR did not differ from the control group, the without OA group, and the without force group. Furthermore, pretreatment with morphine in the 70g group reduced Fos-IR in these regions.


Tooth movement promotes Fos-IR in the CEA and LH according to the magnitude of the force applied.