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Experimental research on the possibilities of maintaining thermal conditions within the limits of the physiological conditions during intraoral preparation of dental implants.

Gronkiewicz, K; Majewski, P; Wisniewska, G; Pihut, M; Loster, B W; Majewski, S.
J Physiol Pharmacol; 60 Suppl 8: 123-7, 2009 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20400805
The objective of the study was to evaluate the degree of temperature change in the bone, directly adjacent to the implant site during the abutment part of one-piece implants, during procedures involving different cutting techniques. Three different one-piece implants Osteoplant, Nobel Direct, Q-implant were cut with air-turbine burs after insertion in fresh pig ribs. Tests were performed with a variety of cooling techniques including air and air-liquid coolant. Implants were cut on the occlusal and axial surfaces of the abutment part. The temperature changes were evaluated using thermocouple type K during and after cutting procedures. It was found that regardless of the cutting technique, the temperature of the bone always increased during the cutting procedure. The critical temperature threshold Delta T=10 degrees C (47 degrees C) was always exceeded, when only the air coolant was used, although when the air-water spray coolant was utilized during the cutting procedure, it prevented the temperature to exceed this critical level. The extent of thermal changes in the bone depends on the cutting technique. Constant air-water cooling during the cutting procedure is a recommended technique in order to avoid overheating the implant-bone interface. The dry cutting technique, using only an air coolant, should be avoided as it can induce sufficiently high thermal damage in the bone adjacent to the implant, which leads to compromise of the osteointegration process.