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Purinergic receptors are involved in tooth-pulp evoked nocifensive behavior and brainstem neuronal activity.

Adachi, Kazunori; Shimizu, Kohei; Hu, James W; Suzuki, Ikuko; Sakagami, Hiroshi; Koshikawa, Noriaki; Sessle, Barry J; Shinoda, Masamichi; Miyamoto, Makiko; Honda, Kuniya; Iwata, Koichi.
Mol Pain; 6: 59, 2010 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20860800

BACKGROUND:

To evaluate whether P2X receptors are involved in responses to noxious pulp stimulation, the P2X3 and P2X2/3 receptor agonist α,ß-methyleneATP (α,ß-meATP) was applied to the molar tooth pulp and nocifensive behavior and extracellular-signal regulated kinase (ERK) phosphorylation in trigeminal spinal subnucleus caudalis (Vc), trigeminal spinal subnucleus interpolaris (Vi), upper cervical spinal cord (C1/C2) and paratrigeminal nucleus (Pa5) neurons were analyzed in rats.

RESULTS:

Genioglossus (GG) muscle activity was evoked by pulpal application of 100 mM α,ß-meATP and was significantly larger than GG activity following vehicle (phosphate-buffered saline PBS) application (p < 0.01). The enhanced GG muscle activity following 100 mM α,ß-meATP was significantly reduced (p < 0.05) by co-application of 1 mM TNP-ATP (P2X1, P2X3 and, P2X2/3 antagonist). A large number of pERK-LI cells were expressed in the Vc, Vi/Vc, C1/C2 and Pa5 at 5 min following pulpal application of 100 mM α,ß-meATP compared to PBS application to the pulp (p < 0.05). The pERK-LI cell expression and GG muscle activity induced by 100 mM α,ß-meATP pulpal application were significantly reduced after intrathecal injection of the MAPK/ERK kinase (MEK) inhibitor PD 98059 and by pulpal co-application of 1 mM TNP-ATP (p < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS:

The present findings suggest that activation of P2X3 and P2X2/3 receptors in the tooth pulp is sufficient to elicit nociceptive behavioral responses and trigeminal brainstem neuronal activity.