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Comparison of Japanese and European overbite depth indicator and antero-posterior dysplasia indicator values.

Freudenthaler, Josef; Celar, Ales; Kubota, Mitsuyoshi; Akimoto, Susumu; Sato, Sadao; Schneider, Barbara.
Eur J Orthod; 34(1): 114-8, 2012 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21393373
This study evaluated cephalometric differences between 113 Japanese (43 males and 70 females, aged 14.1 ± 5 years) and 106 European subjects (36 males and 70 females, aged 13.5 ± 7.3 years) using two compound angular measurements and their single components the overbite depth indicator (ODI) for the assessment of vertical skeletal relationships and the antero-posterior dysplasia indicator (APDI) for an evaluation of sagittal dysgnathia. Both populations were assigned to groups representing Angle Classes I, II, and III, and an anterior open bite (AOB) group. Two sample t- and Wilcoxon signed-ranks tests were performed (P < 0.05). The ODI values showed no statistically significant differences between the Japanese and European samples. The Japanese sample showed a significantly smaller APDI but only in the Class II group. In the Japanese Class II and III subjects, the malocclusion patterns were more pronounced than those in the Caucasian sample (overbite, overjet, and APDI).