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Assessment of radiation exposure in dental cone-beam computerized tomography with the use of metal-oxide semiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET) dosimeters and Monte Carlo simulations.

Koivisto, J; Kiljunen, T; Tapiovaara, M; Wolff, J; Kortesniemi, M.
Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol; 114(3): 393-400, 2012 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22862982

OBJECTIVES:

The aims of this study were to assess the organ and effective dose (International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) 103) resulting from dental cone-beam computerized tomography (CBCT) imaging using a novel metal-oxide semiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET) dosimeter device, and to assess the reliability of the MOSFET measurements by comparing the results with Monte Carlo PCXMC simulations. STUDY

DESIGN:

Organ dose measurements were performed using 20 MOSFET dosimeters that were embedded in the 8 most radiosensitive organs in the maxillofacial and neck area. The dose-area product (DAP) values attained from CBCT scans were used for PCXMC simulations. The acquired MOSFET doses were then compared with the Monte Carlo simulations.

RESULTS:

The effective dose measurements using MOSFET dosimeters yielded, using 0.5-cm steps, a value of 153 µSv and the PCXMC simulations resulted in a value of 136 µSv.

CONCLUSIONS:

The MOSFET dosimeters placed in a head phantom gave results similar to Monte Carlo simulations. Minor vertical changes in the positioning of the phantom had a substantial affect on the overall effective dose. Therefore, the MOSFET dosimeters constitute a feasible method for dose assessment of CBCT units in the maxillofacial region.