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Influence of surface treatment on the wear of solid zirconia.

Kontos, Leonidas; Schille, Christine; Schweizer, Ernst; Geis-Gerstorfer, Jürgen.
Acta Odontol Scand; 71(3-4): 482-7, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23638857

OBJECTIVE:

Recently there has been talk of the use of full-contour solid zirconia crowns or bridge restorations with no porcelain overlay. This could be a useful solution for patients with bruxism or limited interocclusal space. However, the hardness of zirconia could affect the opposite natural dentition. The aim of this in-vitro study was to investigate the role of surface treatments on the wear of a zirconia material and its antagonist. MATERIALS AND

METHODS:

Fifty plates (10 × 10 × 1 mm) made of zirconia (LavaMulti(™) ZrO2, 3M ESPE), divided into five equal groups, were sandblasted and ground under standardized conditions with a fine-grit diamond bur (Komet Brasseler, Germany) to simulate clinical conditions. Group (a) was only fired, (b) was fired and sandblasted, (c) only ground, (d) was ground and additionally polished (EVE Ceramic Polishing-Set, Pforzheim) and (e) was ground and glazed. Wear behavior was measured with a pin-on-disk apparatus ABREX against 6 mm steatite balls as antagonists (45°, 5 N load, 5000 cycles, water). The amount of wear was determined topographically using a 3-D profilometer (Concept 3D, Mahr, Germany) by measuring the height loss of the antagonist and the depth of wear Pt of the zirconia.

RESULTS:

In groups (a), (b), (c) and (d) the wear value Pt could not be determined (<1 µm). Wear values of the antagonists (steatite balls) revealed a similar outcome in contact with (b), (c) and (e) in the range of 81-85 µm, whereas (e) was more abrasive but not significantly. A noticeable difference in the wear of the antagonist showed group (d) to have the smallest value.

CONCLUSION:

Polished zirconia seems to have the lowest wear on the antagonists, in contrast with the other kinds of surface treatment.