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Influence of orthodontic forces on human dental pulp: a systematic review.

Javed, Fawad; Al-Kheraif, AbdulAziz A; Romanos, Enisa B; Romanos, Georgios E.
Arch Oral Biol; 60(2): 347-56, 2015 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25463910

AIM:

The aim of the present study was to systematically review the influence of orthodontic force on human dental pulp. METHODS AND

RESULTS:

The addressed focused question was "Do orthodontic forces affect the human dental pulp?" which was based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, a specific question was constructed according to the PICO (Participants, Interventions, Control, Outcomes) principle. Databases were explored from 1952 up to and including August 2014 using different combinations of the following keywords "orthodontic force"; "dental pulp"; "reaction" and "tooth movement". Literature reviews, letters to the editor, commentaries and case-reports were excluded. Thirty studies were included. Six studies assessed the effect of orthodontic forces on pulpal blood flow and 20 studies investigated the pulpal cellular responses to orthodontic forces. In 4 studies, pulpal responses to orthodontic forces were compared between previously traumatized- and non-traumatized teeth.

CONCLUSIONS:

There is insufficient scientific validation regarding the association between orthodontic forces and human dental pulp. However, a history of dental trauma maybe considered a risk factor for loss of pulp vitality during orthodontic treatment.