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Thiol-responsive gemini poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(lactide) with a cystine disulfide spacer as an intracellular drug delivery nanocarrier.

Kim, Hyun-Chul; Kim, Eunjoo; Ha, Tae-Lin; Jeong, Sang Won; Lee, Se Guen; Lee, Sung Jun; Lee, Boram.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces; 127: 206-12, 2015 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25679493
Thiol-responsive gemini micelles consisting of hydrophilic poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) blocks and hydrophobic polylactide (PLA) blocks with a cystine disulfide spacer were reported as effective intracellular nanocarriers of drugs. In the presence of cellular glutathione (GSH) as a reducing agent, gemini micelles gradually destabilize into monomeric micelles through cleavage of the cystine linkage. This destabilization of the gemini micelles changed their size distribution, with the appearance of small aggregates, and led to the enhanced release of encapsulated doxorubicin (DOX). The results obtained from cell culture via confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) for cellular uptake, as well as cell viability measurements for anticancer efficacy suggest the potential of disulfide-based gemini polymeric micelles as controlled drug delivery carriers.