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Comparison of apically extruded debris after root canal instrumentation using Reciproc(®) instruments with various kinematics.

Arslan, H; Doganay, E; Alsancak, M; Çapar, I D; Karatas, E; Gündüz, H A.
Int Endod J; 49(3): 307-10, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25809717

AIM:

To assess the amount of apically extruded debris using Reciproc(®) instruments with different kinematics (150° counter clockwise [CCW]-30° clockwise [CW], 270° CCW-30° CW, 360° CCW-30° CW and continuous rotation).

METHODOLOGY:

Forty-eight maxillary central incisors were selected and assigned to four root canal shaping groups as follows (n = 12) 150° CCW-30° CW, 270° CCW-30° CW, 360° CCW-30° CW and continuous rotation. Reciproc R25 and R50(®) instruments were used in all groups. Apically extruded debris was collected and dried in preweighed Eppendorf tubes. The weight of extruded debris was assessed with an electronic balance. The data were analysed with one way analysis of variance and LSD post hoc tests (P = 0.05).

RESULTS:

The 150° CCW-30° CW and 270° CCW-30° CW reciprocating motions extruded significantly less debris than continuous rotation (P < 0.05). However, no significant differences were found between the 360° CCW and 30° CW reciprocating motion and the continuous rotation (P > 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS:

All instrument movements were associated with apically extruded debris. However, the 150° CCW-30° CW and 270° CCW-30° CW reciprocating motions were associated with less extrusion than continuous rotation.