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Subcellular fractionation of amoebapore and plasma membrane components of Entamoeba histolytica using self-generating Percoll gradients.

Rosenberg, I; Gitler, C.
Mol Biochem Parasitol; 14(2): 231-48, 1985 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-2581133
Separation and initial characterization of subcellular organelles from Entamoeba histolytica have been achieved by the use of self-generating Percoll gradients. Adequate resolution was obtained within one hour of amoeba homogenization. The ion-channel forming activity, amoebapore, was found associated with highly dense, small diameter particles, that were resolved from the numerous digestive vacuoles, and the plasma membrane. Following iodination of intact trophozoites with lactoperoxidase, the label was found to be incorporated into two distinct sedimentable fractions. The major component contained the near totality of the concanavalin A binding glycoproteins and the 5-iodonaphthalene-1-azide labelled intrinsic membrane proteins. It therefore was identified as the plasma membrane. The minor lactoperoxidase-iodinated component was found in the upper section of the gradient, associated with a particulate fraction nearly devoid of concanavalin A-binding glycoproteins. This fraction appears to represent particulate material on the external surface of the amoeba that is distinct from the plasma membrane. The digestive vesicles, which were identified by the presence of acid phosphatase and beta-D-glucosaminidase activities, appeared in the gradient as one main peak with a shoulder in the region of the plasma membrane. Analysis of the polypeptides and their labelling pattern in each fraction of the gradient are presented. Distinctive characteristics are discussed including the identification of a unique soluble protein highly labelled by 5-iodonaphthalene-1-azide.