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Implications of Volume Exclusion: A Look at Thermodynamic Perspective of DNA-Hemoglobin Complexes and Their Reconstitutes Under Macromolecular Crowding.

Pal, Priyanka D; Dongre, Prabhakar M; Chitre, Arunkumar V.
J Fluoresc; 26(1): 355-62, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26555288
Live cells contain high concentrations of macromolecules, but almost all experimental biochemical data have been generated from dilute solutions that do not reflect conditions in vivo. To understand biomolecular behavior in vivo, properties studied in vitro are extrapolated to conditions in vivo. Another significant factor which is overlooked is the effects of macromolecular crowding and its consequences in the actual biochemical and physiological environment. Such influences of crowding, its modification and physiological parameters have been reported. The present study investigates the effect of molecular crowding on binding characteristics of Salmon sperm DNA with Bovine hemoglobin and their reconstitutes in presence of molecular crowders viz., Poly ethylene glycol (PEG) and Dextran of different molecular weight by fluorescence, UV visible spectroscopic technique at different temperatures. The results showed that BHb fluorescence was quenched by sDNA through static quenching mechanism which is enhanced in presence of polymers. The number of binding sites 'n' and binding constants 'K' were determined at different temperatures based on fluorescence quenching. The thermodynamic parameters namely ∆H°, ∆G°, T∆S° were studied at different temperatures and the results indicate that hydrophobic forces are predominant in the sDNA-BHb complex. Negative ∆G° values imply that the binding process is spontaneous.