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Maxillofacial Fractures in Bhopal, India: Analytic Study of 1268 Cases.

Satpathy, Mrinal; Gupta, M K; Pillai, Ajay Kumar; Prabhu, Sunderraman; Tiwari, Saba; Jain, Neha.
J Maxillofac Oral Surg; 15(1): 25-31, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26929549

PURPOSE:

To ascertain the pattern, incidence, causes, age and sex distribution, types, condition and treatment of maxillofacial fractures and their interwoven relationship being practiced in Bhopal. MATERIALS AND

METHODS:

Retrospectively 3 year records of patients with maxillofacial fractures from 12 selected centres in Bhopal were reviewed. The following data were extracted from the medical records age; gender; site of the fracture(s); other associated injury(ies); cause of the trauma and method of treatment(s).

RESULT:

In 1268 patients, a total of 2613 fractures were found of which 44.58 % patients had mandibular fractures. Parasymphysis was the most common site of fracture overall. Most patients were in the 21-30 year old age group, and the male female ratio was 3.31. Road traffic accident accounted for 858 cases (67.67 %). Head injury was the highest occurring associated injury. Open surgical modalities was the most employed treatment modality in 52.60 % of cases.

CONCLUSION:

Preference for open surgical treatment along with increasing trend of supplemental intermaxillary fixation was found, which prompts us to check for the underlying reason behind this, which could be the increasing number of displaced and comminuted fracture cases or the decreasing efficiency of open reduction treatment rendered. Latter reason prompts to re-evaluate the existing surgical techniques and expertise of the practicing surgeons.