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Selective non-antibiotic treatment in sigmoid diverticulitis: is it time to change the traditional approach?

Estrada Ferrer, O; Ruiz Edo, N; Hidalgo Grau, L-A; Abadal Prades, M; Del Bas Rubia, M; Garcia Torralbo, E M; Heredia Budo, A; Suñol Sala, X.
Tech Coloproctol; 20(5): 309-315, 2016 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27053254

BACKGROUND:

A growing body of knowledge is calling into question the use of antibiotics in acute diverticulitis (AD). Moreover, recent studies provide evidence regarding the security of treating patients with AD as outpatients. The aim of this study was to evaluate a restrictive antibiotic outpatient protocol for the treatment of mild-to-moderate episodes of AD.

METHODS:

All patients with symptoms of AD presenting to our emergency department were assigned a modified Neff stage. Patients with mild AD received outpatient treatment without antibiotics. Patients with mild AD and comorbidities were admitted to receive the same treatment. Patients with moderate AD were admitted for 48 h and were then managed as outpatients until they had completed 10 days of antibiotic treatment.

RESULTS:

Between April 2013 and November 2014, we attended 110 patients with a diagnosis of AD, 77 of whom we included in the study 45 patients with mild AD and 32 with moderate AD. Of the patients with mild AD, 88.8 % successfully completed the non-antibiotic, non-admission treatment regime and 95.5 % benefited from a non-antibiotic regime, whether as outpatients or inpatients. A total of 88 % of patients with mild AD and 87.5 % of patients with moderate AD who met the inclusion criteria completed treatment as outpatients without incident. No major complications (abscess, emergency surgery) or deaths were recorded.

CONCLUSIONS:

Outpatient treatment without antibiotics for patients with mild AD is safe and effective. Patients with moderate AD can be safely treated with antibiotics in a mixed regime as inpatients and outpatients.