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Sustained Notch2 signaling in osteoblasts, but not in osteoclasts, is linked to osteopenia in a mouse model of Hajdu-Cheney syndrome.

Zanotti, Stefano; Yu, Jungeun; Sanjay, Archana; Schilling, Lauren; Schoenherr, Chris; Economides, Aris N; Canalis, Ernesto.
J Biol Chem; 292(29): 12232-12244, 2017 07 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28592489
Individuals with Hajdu-Cheney syndrome (HCS) present with osteoporosis, and HCS is associated with NOTCH2 mutations causing deletions of the proline-, glutamic acid-, serine-, and threonine-rich (PEST) domain that are predicted to enhance NOTCH2 stability and cause gain-of-function. Previously, we demonstrated that mice harboring Notch2 mutations analogous to those in HCS (Notch2HCS) are severely osteopenic because of enhanced bone resorption. We attributed this phenotype to osteoclastic sensitization to the receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand and increased osteoblastic tumor necrosis factor superfamily member 11 (Tnfsf11) expression. Here, to determine the individual contributions of osteoclasts and osteoblasts to HCS osteopenia, we created a conditional-by-inversion (Notch2COIN ) model in which Cre recombination generates a Notch2ΔPEST allele expressing a Notch2 mutant lacking the PEST domain. Germ line Notch2COIN inversion phenocopied the Notch2HCS mutant, validating the model. To activate Notch2 in osteoclasts or osteoblasts, Notch2COIN mice were bred with mice expressing Cre from the Lyz2 or the BGLAP promoter, respectively. These crosses created experimental mice harboring a Notch2ΔPEST allele in Cre-expressing cells and control littermates expressing a wild-type Notch2 transcript. Notch2COIN inversion in Lyz2-expressing cells had no skeletal consequences and did not affect the capacity of bone marrow macrophages to form osteoclasts in vitro In contrast, Notch2COIN inversion in osteoblasts led to generalized osteopenia associated with enhanced bone resorption in the cancellous bone compartment and with suppressed endocortical mineral apposition rate. Accordingly, Notch2 activation in osteoblast-enriched cultures from Notch2COIN mice induced Tnfsf11 expression. In conclusion, introduction of the HCS mutation in osteoblasts, but not in osteoclasts, causes osteopenia.