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Effect of maleic acid on the bond strength of fibre posts to root dentine.

Fan, Fan; Ibrahim, Muhammad; Dai, Panpan; Mao, Yixin; He, Bing; Wu, Gang; Ma, Jianfeng; Huang, Shengbin.
Eur J Oral Sci; 125(5): 396-402, 2017 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28782855
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of maleic acid (MA) on both the bond strength of fibre post to root dentine and smear layer removal after post space preparation. Sixty, single-canal premolars were endodontically treated and randomly assigned to four groups group 1 [0.9% saline solution (control]); group 2 [2.5% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl)]; group 3 [17% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) followed by 2.5% NaOCl]; and group 4 (7% MA followed by 2.5% NaOCl). Self-adhesive resin cement was used to test the adhesion of a glass-fibre post to the root dentine through a micropush-out test. Scanning electron microscopy was performed to examine and score the treated specimens for smear layer removal, and stereomicroscopy was applied to investigate the failure modes of fibre posts. Maleic acid exhibited the highest mean bond-strength values in the apical regions among all the groups. Most failure modes (31.9%) were adhesive-type failures between the dentine and luting materials. Maleic acid performed statistically significantly better than the other groups regarding smear layer removal, especially in the apical region. Maleic acid is an effective irrigant that can remove the smear layer, open dentinal tubules, and act as a high-efficiency final irrigant in activation protocols.