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Therapeutic Engineered Hydrogel Coatings Attenuate the Foreign Body Response in Submuscular Implants.

Harmon, Katrina A; Lane, Brooks A; Boone, Rachel E; Afshari, Ashkan; Berdel, Henrik O; Yost, Michael J; Goodwin, Richard L; Friedman, Harold I; Eberth, John F.
Ann Plast Surg; 80(6S Suppl 6): S410-S417, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29746273

BACKGROUND:

Biomedical devices are implanted into mammalian soft tissues to improve, monitor, or restore form or function. The utility of these implants is limited by the subsequent foreign body response (FBR), beginning with inflammation and terminating in a collagen envelope around the device, known as the capsule. This capsule then can contract and distort the shape of the device or limit its effectiveness in interacting with the surrounding host tissues. In the current study, we investigated the effect of therapeutic collagen-coated silicone discs in a rat model of the FBR.

METHODS:

A 3-dimensional printed mold was used to fabricate collagen-coated silicone discs incorporating 3 therapeutic agents colchicine, a function-blocking antibody against interleukin 8 (IL-8) receptor B, and a powerful anti-inflammatory steroid, dexamethasone. Discs were implanted submuscularly into a well-characterized rat model of the FBR and evaluated for inflammatory response, fibrotic development, and cytokine release.

RESULTS:

Coated silicone discs exhibited reduced collagen deposition and little to no foreign body giant cells at the host-silicone interface when compared with the silicone-only group. Therapeutic hydrogels demonstrate a significant decrease in cellular infiltration into the coatings over the 2-week time point in contrast to therapeutic-free hydrogel coatings. Cytokine analysis revealed significant differences between therapeutic-free and therapeutic-containing coatings when compared with silicone-only controls. Levels of IL-1ß, IL-6, monocyte chemotactic protein 1, and macrophage inflammatory protein 3α were affected 48 hours after implantation, while differences in IL-18, growth-regulated oncogene/keratinocyte chemoattractant, and macrophage inflammatory protein 3α were observed 1 week after implantation.

CONCLUSIONS:

By utilizing the host's innate immune response, our engineered hydrogel coatings delivered therapeutic moieties directly to the implant microenvironment, thus delaying the FBR up to 2 weeks.