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Osteoporosis detection in panoramic radiographs using a deep convolutional neural network-based computer-assisted diagnosis system: a preliminary study.

Lee, Jae-Seo; Adhikari, Shyam; Liu, Liu; Jeong, Ho-Gul; Kim, Hyongsuk; Yoon, Suk-Ja.
Dentomaxillofac Radiol; 48(1): 20170344, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30004241

OBJECTIVES:

To evaluate the diagnostic performance of a deep convolutional neural network (DCNN)-based computer-assisted diagnosis (CAD) system in the detection of osteoporosis on panoramic radiographs, through a comparison with diagnoses made by oral and maxillofacial radiologists.

METHODS:

Oral and maxillofacial radiologists with >10 years of experience reviewed the panoramic radiographs of 1268 females {mean [± standard deviation (SD)] age 52.5 ± 22.3 years} and made a diagnosis of osteoporosis when cortical erosion of the mandibular inferior cortex was observed. Among the females, 635 had no osteoporosis [mean (± SD) age 32.8 ± SD 12.1 years] and 633 had osteoporosis (72.2 ± 8.5 years). All panoramic radiographs were analysed using three CAD systems, single-column DCNN (SC-DCNN), single-column with data augmentation DCNN (SC-DCNN Augment) and multicolumn DCNN (MC-DCNN). Among the radiographs, 200 panoramic radiographs [mean (± SD) patient age 63.9 ± 10.7 years] were used for testing the performance of the DCNN in detecting osteoporosis in this study. The diagnostic performance of the DCNN-based CAD system was assessed by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis.

RESULTS:

The area under the curve (AUC) values obtained using SC-DCNN, SC-DCNN (Augment) and MC-DCNN were 0.9763, 0.9991 and 0.9987, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS:

The DCNN-based CAD system showed high agreement with experienced oral and maxillofacial radiologists in detecting osteoporosis. A DCNN-based CAD system could provide information to dentists for the early detection of osteoporosis, and asymptomatic patients with osteoporosis can then be referred to the appropriate medical professionals.