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Three-dimensional quantitative assessment of surgical stability and condylar displacement changes after counterclockwise maxillomandibular advancement surgery: Effect of simultaneous articular disc repositioning.

Gomes, Liliane Rosas; Soares Cevidanes, Lúcia Helena; Gomes, Marcelo Regis; Carlos de Oliveira Ruellas, Antônio; Obelenis Ryan, Daniel Patrick; Paniagua, Beatriz; Wolford, Larry Miller; Gonçalves, João Roberto.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop; 154(2): 221-233, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30075924


In this study, we quantitatively assessed 3-dimensional condylar displacement during counterclockwise maxillomandibular advancement surgery (CMMA) with or without articular disc repositioning, focusing on surgical stability in the follow-up period.


The 79 patients treated with CMMA had cone-beam computed tomography scans taken before surgery, immediately after surgery, and, on average, 15 months postsurgery. We divided the 142 condyles into 3 groups group 1 (n = 105), condyles of patients diagnosed with symptomatic presurgical temporomandibular joint articular disc displacement who had articular disc repositioning concomitantly with CMMA; group 2 (n = 23), condyles of patients with clinical verification of presurgical articular disc displacement who had only CMMA; and group 3 (n = 14), condyles of patients with healthy temporomandibular joints who had CMMA. Presurgical and postsurgical 3-dimensional models were superimposed using voxel-based registration on the cranial base. Three-dimensional cephalometrics and shape correspondence were applied to assess surgical and postsurgical displacement changes.


Immediately after surgery, the condyles moved mostly backward and medially and experienced lateral yaw, medial roll, and upward pitch in the 3 groups. Condyles in group 1 showed downward displacement, whereas the condyles moved upward in groups 2 and 3 (P ≤0.001). Although condylar displacement changes occurred in the 3 groups, the overall surgical procedure appeared to be fairly stable, particularly for groups 1 and 3. Group 2 had the greatest amount of relapse (P ≤0.05).


CMMA has been shown to be a stable procedure for patients with healthy temporomandibular joints and for those who had simultaneous articular disc repositioning surgery.