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Comparison of aerobic granulation in SBR and continuous-flow plants.

Jahn, L; Svardal, K; Krampe, J.
J Environ Manage; 231: 953-961, 2019 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30602256
Up to now, aerobic granulation of activated sludge is only realised in SBRs, where the discontinuous feed and sedimentation allow the formation of dense granules with excellent settling properties. However, aerobic granulation in continuous-flow plants (CFP) is gaining more and more interest in order to exploit the advantages of these excellent sludge properties to construct compact and efficient WWTP. Within the scope of this project, a SBR and CFP were operated in parallel to investigate the aerobic granulation of activated sludge and to compare the biomass in terms of their structure and settling behavior. CFP operation included two experimental phases with different reactor designs. The use of synthetic wastewater during phase I led to a biomass with a SVI of 42 ml g-1, whereby the SVI declined only to 85 ml g-1 in the second phase and the use of municipal sewage. After the start-up period, microscopic images of the biomass from CFP comprised small compact granules with a high flocculent fraction. Particle size distribution for phase II confirm, that 72% of the particles had a size over 200 µm. A strong correlation was observed between the appearance of NOx-N in the first reactor and the SVI. The results illustrate, that the anaerobic conditions during feeding are essential to keep stable granules.