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Ridge alterations after implant placement in fresh extraction sockets or in healed crests: An experimental in vivo investigation.

Vignoletti, Fabio; Sanz-Esporrin, Javier; Sanz-Martin, Ignacio; Nuñez, Javier; Luengo, Fernando; Sanz, Mariano.
Clin Oral Implants Res; 30(4): 353-363, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30864234


To study the early and late bone healing around implants placed according to a flapless immediate (test) or flapped delayed (control) implant surgical protocol. MATERIALS AND


In eight beagle dogs, immediate and delayed implants were placed. Test and control implants were randomly assigned, and horizontal and vertical bone remodelling, as well as bone-to-implant contact (BIC), were assessed with histology at 2 and 8 weeks. Teeth were used as negative controls.


Similar results were attained in the two groups when the vertical resorption of the buccal bone crest was evaluated (approximately 0.5 mm). On the other hand, a marked horizontal buccal bone resorption was observed. Immediate implants attained a thinner buccal bone crest as compared to the delayed implant and the tooth. De novo bone formation on the implant surface appeared to be more pronounced at delayed sites at 2 weeks, whereas at 8 weeks, no difference in BIC was observed.


Ridge alterations occurred at both implant placement protocols, with similar limited amounts of vertical buccal bone reduction and a pronounced horizontal bone reduction. The process of horizontal bone remodelling differed between the two surgical protocols.