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Effect of Three Behavior Guidance Techniques on Anxiety Indicators of Children Undergoing Diagnosis and Preventive Dental Care.

Karekar, Priyanka; Bijle, Mohammed Nadeem; Walimbe, Hrishikesh.
J Clin Pediatr Dent; 43(3): 167-172, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30964721

OBJECTIVE(S):

To assess the effect of three behavior guidance techniques on anxiety indicators of children undergoing diagnosis and preventive dental care.

STUDY DESIGN:

Sixty-three subjects (7-9 years) were divided into three groups as per the behavior guidance technique namely tell-show-do, live and filmed modeling (using Tablet Computer) to receive diagnostic (Oral examination & radiographic assessment using intraoral periapical radiographs) and preventive dental care (Oral prophylaxis and topical fluoride application). Anxiety indicators-Facial Image Scale (FIS) scores and heart rate were recorded before, during and after diagnosis/preventive treatment. Three-way repeated measures ANOVA with post-hoc analysis was performed at significance of p-value < 0.05.

RESULTS:

There was a statistically significant difference in the anxiety indicators of children under the influence of different behavior guidance approaches undergoing diagnosis/preventive treatments except for mean heart rate of children while oral examination. Multiple comparison results reveal that the mean FIS scores and heart rate of children with modeling techniques were significantly better as compared to tell-show-do technique with no significant difference between the two modeling techniques.

CONCLUSION:

This study suggests that the modeling techniques (filmed and live) seem to be an efficient behavioral guidance approach for children aged 7-9 years undergoing routine diagnosis and preventive dental care as compared to tell-show-do technique.