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Treatment of Bisphosphonate-Related Osteonecrosis of the Jaw With Plasma Rich in Growth Factors After Dental Implant Surgery: A Case Report.

Gil, Ignacio García; Ponte, Barbara Molina; Mateo, Sergio Trapote; García, Jaime Jiménez.
J Oral Implantol; 45(4): 289-296, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31207196
Oral bisphosphonates are commonly used to improve bone density in patients who suffer from a variety of pathologies. However, they have also been known to cause bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaws (BRONJ). The aim of this clinical case presentation is to (1) determine whether the currently recommended length of time that oral bisphosphonates should be discontinued, before performing dental implant surgery, is sufficient to prevent BRONJ and (2) to describe an alternative treatment for BRONJ. A 65-year-old female patient developed BRONJ after receiving mandibular dental implants 5 months after discontinuing alendronic acid (Fosamax). The BRONJ was treated by surgical osteotomy and plasma rich in growth factors (PRGF), and the patient was followed up with biweekly examinations, which included 0.2% chlorhexidine mouthwashes and removal of any remaining necrotic bone. The dental implants were loaded 41 weeks after surgery and followed up with periapical radiographs and implant stability quotient measurements at 3, 6, 12, and 24 months postloading. Although the Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons protocols for suspension of presurgical oral bisphosphonates were followed, this patient still developed BRONJ after implant surgery. While a multitude of treatments have been described in the literature, there is not enough scientific evidence to support any one treatment. Based on this clinical case, it can be concluded that the potential adverse effects of oral bisphosphonates on the jaws could be greater than expected and that treatment with PRGF produces promising results, although more long-term studies are necessary to confirm these findings.