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The effect of digital diagnostic setups on orthodontic treatment planning.

Hou, Derek; Capote, Raquel; Bayirli, Burcu; Chan, Daniel C N; Huang, Greg.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop; 157(4): 542-549, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32241361

INTRODUCTION:

This study aimed to evaluate whether viewing digital treatment simulations influenced orthodontic treatment planning decisions or practitioners' confidence in their selected plans.

METHODS:

Records of 6 patients representing different case types (eg, missing teeth, crowding, sagittal discrepancies) were collected. A total of 22 orthodontists and 7 orthodontic residents viewed these records and formulated treatment plans for each case, indicating their most recommended plan and up to 2 alternative plans. After treatment planning each case, digital setups of each treatment plan indicated by the practitioner were shown. The practitioners were then asked if they still recommended their original plan, or if they would now recommend a different plan. Their confidence levels in the success of their plans were recorded before and after viewing the setups.

RESULTS:

After viewing the digital setups, there was a significant change in the treatment plan for 9.2% of the cases. These included modifications like changing the extraction pattern or proposing space closure rather than opening space for an implant. In an additional 14.4% of the cases, treatment plans underwent partial changes, like adding interproximal reduction or temporary anchorage devices. Practitioner confidence levels increased after viewing the setups. In cases where the treatment plan changed, the practitioner's confidence level in the plan increased the most, and the final confidence level was uniformly high among all practitioners. Practitioners reported the most helpful features of digital setups were the ability to superimpose the setup with the original model, determine the amount of tooth movement needed, check the final incisal relationship (overjet and overbite), and establish the amount of interproximal reduction required.

CONCLUSIONS:

Viewing digital setups resulted in changes to the treatment plans in about 24% of the cases. The use of digital setups was associated with higher levels of confidence in the selected plans.