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Enhancing treated wastewater effluent characteristics using hybrid biofilm/activated sludge process - a case study.

Hassan, Khalid; Hamdy, Olfat; Helmy, Mohamed; Mostafa, Hossam.
Water Sci Technol; 81(2): 217-227, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32333655
This paper documents the results of 12 months of monitoring of an upgraded hybrid moving bed biofilm reactor-conventional activated sludge wastewater treatment plant (MBBR-CAS WWTP). It also targets the assessment of the increment of the hydraulic load on existing treatment units with a zero construction and land cost. The influent flow to the plant was increased from 21,000 m3 d-1 to 30,000 m3 d-1, 40% of the existing CAS reactor volume was used for the MBBR zone with a carrier fill fraction of 47.62% and with Headworks Bio ActiveCell™ 515 used as media; no modifications were made for the primary and secondary tanks. The hybrid reactor showed high removal efficiencies for biochemical oxygen demand (BOD5), chemical oxygen demand (COD) and total suspended solids (TSS), with average effluent values recording 33.00 ± 8.87 mg L-1, 52.90 ± 9.65 mg L-1 and 29.50 ± 6.64 mg L-1 respectively. Nutrient removals in the hybrid modified biological reactor were moderate compared with carbon removal despite the high C/N ratio of 12.33. Findings in this study favor the application of MBBR in the upgrading of existing CAS plants with the plant BOD5 removal efficiency recording an increase of about 5% compared with the plant before upgrade and effluent values well within the legal requirements.