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Microleakage of human saliva through dentinal tubules exposed at the cervical level in teeth treated endodontically.

Berutti, E.
J Endod; 22(11): 579-82, 1996 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-9198410
This study investigated the possibility of saliva recontamination occurring between the root canal wall and sealer through dentinal tubules exposed after the cementum was removed at the cervical level by root planing and treatment with citric acid. Thirty-four extracted human maxillary anterior teeth were randomly placed into five groups after chemomechanical preparation and obturation with gutta-percha and sealer; the sealer was allowed to set for 48 h. A ring 3 mm high, at the cervical level, was subjected to root planing, with complete removal of the cementum. All specimens were coated with two layers of nail polish and two layers of sticky wax, except for the ring subjected to root planing that was treated with citric acid for 30 s. The specimens were exposed to human whole saliva for 20 to 80 days and then immersed in dye to determine microleakage. Specimens were cleared and measurements made to the maximum point of dye penetration. All of the specimens exposed to saliva showed leakage except for the negative control, wherein no dye penetration was seen. Where leakage was found, the dye penetrated between the canal walls and the sealer to increasing depths, proportional to the time of exposure to the saliva. Statistical analysis confirmed these data, evidencing a difference between the means, which was highly significant for all pairs.