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Bacterial reduction with nickel-titanium rotary instrumentation.

Dalton, B C; Orstavik, D; Phillips, C; Pettiette, M; Trope, M.
J Endod; 24(11): 763-7, 1998 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-9855830
The purpose of this study was to compare intracanal bacterial reduction on teeth instrumented with 0.04 tapered nickel-titanium (NiTi) rotary instrumentation to bacterial reduction when using a stainless-steel K-file step-back technique using sterile saline irrigation. Forty-eight patients with apical periodontitis were randomly assigned treatment type. The canals were sampled before, during, and after instrumentation. The samples were incubated anaerobically for 7 days at 37 degrees C, colony-forming unit numbers calculated, and a log transformation performed to normalize the counts. Teeth exhibiting apical periodontitis were uniformly infected, whereas vital control teeth were not. A similar and uniform reduction occurred with progressive filing, regardless of technique (p < 0.0001). There was no detectable difference in colony-forming unit count after NiTi rotary or stainless-steel hand instrumentation (p = 0.42). Neither technique could predictably render canals free of bacteria. The results of this study indicate NiTi rotary and stainless-steel hand K-file step-back instrumentation techniques were not significantly different in their ability to reduce intracanal bacteria.