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1.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38340790

RESUMEN

The Airway Management section of the Spanish Society of Anesthesiology, Resuscitation, and Pain Therapy (SEDAR), the Spanish Society of Emergency Medicine (SEMES), and the Spanish Society of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery (SEORL-CCC) present the Guide for the comprehensive management of difficult airway in adult patients. Its principles are focused on the human factor, cognitive processes for decision-making in critical situations, and optimization in the progression of strategies application to preserve adequate alveolar oxygenation in order to enhance safety and the quality of care. The document provides evidence-based recommendations, theoretical-educational tools, and implementation tools, mainly cognitive aids, applicable to airway management in the fields of anesthesiology, critical care, emergencies, and prehospital medicine. For this purpose, an extensive literature search was conducted following PRISMA-R guidelines and was analyzed using the GRADE methodology. Recommendations were formulated according to the GRADE methodology. Recommendations for sections with low-quality evidence were based on expert opinion through consensus reached via a Delphi questionnaire.

2.
Genet Med ; : 101054, 2024 Feb 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38349293

RESUMEN

Cytogenomic analyses of acquired clonal chromosomal abnormalities in neoplastic blood, bone marrow, and/or lymph nodes are instrumental in the clinical management of patients with hematologic neoplasms. Cytogenetic analyses assist in the diagnosis of such disorders and can provide important prognostic information. Furthermore, cytogenetic studies can provide crucial information regarding specific genetically defined subtypes of these neoplasms that may have targeted therapies. At time of relapse, cytogenetic analysis can confirm recurrence of the original neoplasm, detect clonal disease evolution, or uncover a new unrelated neoplastic process. This section deals specifically with the technical standards applicable to cytogenomic studies of acquired clonal chromosomal abnormalities in neoplastic blood, bone marrow, and/or lymph nodes. This updated Section E6.1-6.6 supersedes the previous Section E6 in Section E: Clinical Cytogenetics of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics Technical Standards for Clinical Genetics Laboratories.

3.
J Obstet Gynaecol Can ; : 102403, 2024 Feb 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38331092

RESUMEN

OBJECTIF: L'objectif principal de la présente directive clinique est de fournir aux gynécologues un algorithme et des données probantes pour guider le diagnostic et la prise en charge des polypes endométriaux. POPULATION CIBLE: Toutes les patientes présentant des polypes endométriaux symptomatiques ou asymptomatiques. OPTIONS: Les options de prise en charge des polypes endométriaux sont l'expectative ou la prise en charge médicamenteuse ou chirurgicale. Le choix repose sur les symptômes, le risque de malignité et les préférences de la patiente. RéSULTATS: Les résultats sont la résolution des symptômes, le diagnostic histopathologique et l'ablation complète du polype. BéNéFICES, RISQUES ET COûTS: La mise en œuvre de la présente directive vise à bénéficier aux patientes ayant des polypes endométriaux symptomatiques ou asymptomatiques et à fournir aux médecins une approche fondée sur des données probantes pour le diagnostic et la prise en charge des polypes, à savoir l'expectative et la prise en charge médicamenteuse ou chirurgicale. DONNéES PROBANTES: Des recherches ont été effectuées dans PubMed-Medline et Cochrane en utilisant les termes suivants : endometrial polyps, polyps, endometrial thickening, abnormal uterine bleeding, postmenopausal bleeding, endometrial hyperplasia, endometrial cancer, hormonal therapy et female infertility. La littérature prise en compte a été publiée jusqu'en 2021 et se compose des types d'études suivants : essais cliniques randomisés, méta-analyses, revues systématiques, études observationnelles et études de cas. D'autres publications pertinentes ont été sélectionnées à partir des notices bibliographiques de ces articles. Seuls les articles en anglais ont été examinés. MéTHODES DE VALIDATION: Les auteurs ont évalué la qualité des données probantes et la force des recommandations en utilisant le cadre méthodologique GRADE (Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation). Voir l'annexe A en ligne (tableau A1 pour les définitions et tableau A2 pour l'interprétation des recommandations fortes et faibles). PROFESSIONNELS CONCERNéS: Gynécologues, médecins de famille, infirmières autorisées, infirmières praticiennes, étudiants en médecine, résidents et moniteurs cliniques (fellows). RéSUMé POUR TWITTER: Les polypes utérins sont fréquents et peuvent causer des saignements anormaux, l'infertilité et des saignements postménopausiques. Quoique la chirurgie soit souvent nécessaire, le traitement peut se faire par médicaments, mais n'est pas essentiel en l'absence de symptômes.

4.
J Obstet Gynaecol Can ; : 102400, 2024 Feb 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38320665

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the indications, benefits, and risks of hysteroscopy in the management of patients with infertility and provide guidance to gynaecologists who manage common conditions in these patients. TARGET POPULATION: Patients with infertility (inability to conceive after 12 months of unprotected intercourse) undergoing investigation and treatment. BENEFITS, HARMS, AND COSTS: Hysteroscopic surgery can be used to diagnose the etiology of infertility and improve fertility treatment outcomes. All surgery has risks and associated complications. Hysteroscopic surgery may not always improve fertility outcomes. All procedures have costs, which are borne either by the patient or their health insurance provider. EVIDENCE: We searched English-language articles from January 2010 to May 2021 in PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, Science Direct, Scopus, and Cochrane Library (see Appendix B for MeSH search terms). VALIDATION METHODS: The authors rated the quality of evidence and strength of recommendations using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) approach. See online Appendix A (Tables A1 for definitions and A2 for interpretations of strong and conditional recommendations). INTENDED AUDIENCE: Gynaecologists who manage common conditions in patients with infertility. TWEETABLE ABSTRACT: When offering hysteroscopic surgery to patients with infertility, ensure it improves the live birth rate.

5.
Nurs Outlook ; 72(1): 102110, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38309791
6.
J Am Soc Echocardiogr ; 37(2): 119-170, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38309834

RESUMEN

Echocardiography is a fundamental component of pediatric cardiology, and appropriate indications have been established for its use in the setting of suspected, congenital, or acquired heart disease in children. Since the publication of guidelines for pediatric transthoracic echocardiography in 2006 and 2010, advances in knowledge and technology have expanded the scope of practice beyond the use of traditional modalities such as two-dimensional, M-mode, and Doppler echocardiography to evaluate the cardiac segmental structures and their function. Adjunct modalities such as contrast, three-dimensional, and speckle-tracking echocardiography are now used routinely at many pediatric centers. Guidelines and recommendations for the use of traditional and newer adjunct modalities in children are described in detail in this document. In addition, suggested protocols related to standard operations, infection control, sedation, and quality assurance and improvement are included to provide an organizational structure for centers performing pediatric transthoracic echocardiograms.


Asunto(s)
Cardiología , Cardiopatías , Niño , Humanos , Estados Unidos , Ecocardiografía/métodos , Ecocardiografía Doppler/métodos
7.
J Am Soc Echocardiogr ; 37(2): 171-215, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38309835

RESUMEN

Targeted neonatal echocardiography (TNE) involves the use of comprehensive echocardiography to appraise cardiovascular physiology and neonatal hemodynamics to enhance diagnostic and therapeutic precision in the neonatal intensive care unit. Since the last publication of guidelines for TNE in 2011, the field has matured through the development of formalized neonatal hemodynamics fellowships, clinical programs, and the expansion of scientific knowledge to further enhance clinical care. The most common indications for TNE include adjudication of hemodynamic significance of a patent ductus arteriosus, evaluation of acute and chronic pulmonary hypertension, evaluation of right and left ventricular systolic and/or diastolic function, and screening for pericardial effusions and/or malpositioned central catheters. Neonatal cardiac point-of-care ultrasound (cPOCUS) is a limited cardiovascular evaluation which may include line tip evaluation, identification of pericardial effusion and differentiation of hypovolemia from severe impairment in myocardial contractility in the hemodynamically unstable neonate. This document is the product of an American Society of Echocardiography task force composed of representatives from neonatology-hemodynamics, pediatric cardiology, pediatric cardiac sonography, and neonatology-cPOCUS. This document provides (1) guidance on the purpose and rationale for both TNE and cPOCUS, (2) an overview of the components of a standard TNE and cPOCUS evaluation, (3) disease and/or clinical scenario-based indications for TNE, (4) training and competency-based evaluative requirements for both TNE and cPOCUS, and (5) components of quality assurance. The writing group would like to acknowledge the contributions of Dr. Regan Giesinger who sadly passed during the final revisions phase of these guidelines. Her contributions to the field of neonatal hemodynamics were immense.


Asunto(s)
Unidades de Cuidado Intensivo Neonatal , Neonatología , Humanos , Recién Nacido , Niño , Femenino , Estados Unidos , Sistemas de Atención de Punto , Ecocardiografía , Ultrasonografía , Hemodinámica/fisiología
8.
Fetal Diagn Ther ; 2024 Feb 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38310852

RESUMEN

These guidelines follow the mission of the World Association of Perinatal Medicine, in collaboration with the Perinatal Medicine Foundation, which brings together groups and individuals worldwide, with the aim to improve prenatal detection of Central Nervous System anomalies and the appropriate referral of pregnancies with suspected fetal anomalies. In addition, this document provides further guidance for healthcare practitioners with the goal of standardizing the description of ultrasonographic abnormal findings.

10.
Artículo en Inglés, Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38311005

RESUMEN

The treatment of inflammatory bowel disease has undergone a significant transformation following the introduction of biologic drugs. Thanks to these drugs, treatment goals have evolved from clinical response and remission to more ambitious objectives, such as endoscopic or radiologic remission. However, even though biologics are highly effective, a significant percentage of patients will not achieve an initial response or may lose it over time. We know that there is a direct relationship between the trough concentrations of the biologic and its therapeutic efficacy, with more demanding therapeutic goals requiring higher drug levels, and inadequate exposure being common.Therapeutic drug monitoring of biologic medications, along with pharmacokinetic models, provides us with the possibility of offering a personalized approach to treatment for patients with IBD. Over the past few years, relevant information has accumulated regarding its utility during or after induction, as well as in the maintenance of biologic treatment, in reactive or proactive strategies, and prior to withdrawal or treatment de-escalation.The aim of this document is to establish recommendations regarding the utility of therapeutic drug monitoring of biologics in patients with inflammatory bowel disease, in different clinical practice scenarios, and to identify areas where its utility is evident, promising, or controversial.

11.
Can J Cardiol ; 2024 Feb 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38336003

RESUMEN

Detecting dyslipidemia early is important because atherosclerosis originates in childhood and early treatment can improve outcomes. In 2022, CCS/CPCA published a Clinical Practice Update to detect, evaluate, and manage pediatric dyslipidemia. However, guidance on its translation into clinical laboratories is lacking. The Canadian Society of Clinical Chemists (CSCC) Working Group on Reference Interval Harmonization (hRI-WG) Lipid Team aims to aid guideline implementation and promote harmonized pediatric lipid reporting across Canada. The 2022 CCS/CPCA Clinical Practice Update, 2011 NHLBI Integrated Guidelines, and new data analysis (Canadian pediatric reference values from the Canadian Laboratory Initiative on Pediatric Reference Intervals (CALIPER) and retrospective patient data from large community laboratories) were incorporated to develop five key recommendations. These include recommendations to 1) offer both non-fasting and fasting lipid testing; 2) offer a lipid panel including total cholesterol, LDL-C, HDL-C, non-HDL-C and triglycerides, with ApoB and Lp(a) available as individually orderable tests; 3) flag total cholesterol, LDL-C, and non-HDL-C results ≥95th percentile, and HDL-C results <10th percentile, as recommended by CCS/CPCA/NHLBI and validated by CALIPER, and flag ApoB and non-fasting triglyceride results ≥95th percentile based on CALIPER, and do not flag Lp(a) results but mention the adult cut-off in the interpretive comments; 4) implement interpretive comments listed in the current report; and 5) implement the NIH LDL-C equation. The CSCC hRI-WG Lipid Team will support clinical laboratories to implement these recommendations using knowledge translation strategies. Harmonizing pediatric lipid reporting across Canadian clinical laboratories will optimize clinical decision-making and improve cardiovascular risk management in youth.

12.
Actas Dermosifiliogr ; 2024 Feb 07.
Artículo en Inglés, Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38336246

RESUMEN

Androgenetic alopecia can be challenging to treat due to the wide range of available treatments, most of which are not based on evidence from clinical trials. In addition many of the options do not include androgenetic alopecia among the approved indications according to their summaries of product characteristics. A panel of 34 dermatologists from the Spanish Trichology Society of the Spanish Association of Dermatology and Venereology (AEDV) used the Delphi method to develop a consensus statement on the management of androgenetic alopecia. Over a 2-round process the experts agreed on 138 (86%) of the 160 proposed items, which were structured into 4 blocks of recommendations: general considerations, pharmacologic treatment, procedures and hair transplant, and special cases. The resulting consensus statement based on expert opinion of the scientific evidence can guide professionals in the routine management of androgenetic alopecia.

13.
Maturitas ; 182: 107922, 2024 Jan 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38325136

RESUMEN

Premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) refers to the decline of ovarian function before the age of 40. POI causes a reduction in or loss of female fertility, accompanied by different degrees of menopausal symptoms, which increases the risk of chronic diseases related to early menopause and seriously affects patients' quality of life and health. It is conservatively estimated that at least one million prepubertal girls and women of reproductive age in China are at risk of iatrogenic POI caused by radiotherapy and chemotherapy every year. With the development of medical technology and the breakthrough of scientific and technological advances, preventing and treating iatrogenic POI have become possible. International and national guidelines consider cryopreserved ovarian tissue transplantation to be the most promising method of preserving the ovarian function and fertility of prepubertal girls and women of reproductive age who cannot delay radiotherapy and chemotherapy. In order to guide the clinical application of ovarian tissue cryopreservation and transplantation technology in China, the Guideline Working Group finally included 14 scientific questions and 18 recommendations through a questionnaire survey, field investigation, and consultation of a large number of Chinese and English literature databases in order to provide a reference for colleagues in clinical practice.

14.
J Obstet Gynaecol Can ; : 102402, 2024 Feb 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38325734

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this clinical practice guideline is to provide gynaecologists with an algorithm and evidence to guide the diagnosis and management of endometrial polyps. TARGET POPULATION: All patients with symptomatic or asymptomatic endometrial polyps. OPTIONS: Options for management of endometrial polyps include expectant, medical, and surgical management. These will depend on symptoms, risks for malignancy, and patient choice. OUTCOMES: Outcomes include resolution of symptoms, histopathological diagnosis, and complete removal of the polyp. BENEFITS, HARMS, AND COSTS: The implementation of this guideline aims to benefit patients with symptomatic or asymptomatic endometrial polyps and provide physicians with an evidence-based approach toward diagnosis and management (including expectant, medical, and surgical management) of polyps. EVIDENCE: The following search terms were entered into PubMed/Medline and Cochrane: endometrial polyps, polyps, endometrial thickening, abnormal uterine bleeding, postmenopausal bleeding, endometrial hyperplasia, endometrial cancer, hormonal therapy, female infertility. All articles were included in the literature search up to 2021 and the following study types were included: randomized controlled trials, meta-analyses, systematic reviews, observational studies, and case reports. Additional publications were identified from the bibliographies of these articles. Only English-language articles were reviewed. VALIDATION METHODS: The authors rated the quality of evidence and strength of recommendations using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) approach. See online Appendix A (Tables A1 for definitions and A2 for interpretations of strong and weak recommendations). INTENDED AUDIENCE: Gynaecologists, family physicians, registered nurses, nurse practitioners, medical students, and residents and fellows. TWEETABLE ABSTRACT: Uterine polyps are common and can cause abnormal bleeding, infertility, or bleeding after menopause. If patients don't experience symptoms, treatment is often not necessary. Polyps can be treated with medication but often a surgery will be necessary.

15.
J Obstet Gynaecol Can ; : 102399, 2024 Feb 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38325735

RESUMEN

OBJECTIF: Évaluer les indications, les risques et les bénéfices de l'hystéroscopie dans la prise en charge des patientes atteintes d'infertilité et fournir des conseils aux gynécologues qui prennent en charge les problèmes les plus fréquents chez ces patientes. POPULATION CIBLE: Patientes atteintes d'infertilité (incapacité à concevoir après 12 mois de rapports sexuels non protégés) en processus diagnostique ou sous traitement. BéNéFICES, RISQUES ET COûTS: L'hystéroscopie peut être utilisée pour diagnostiquer l'étiologie de l'infertilité et améliorer les résultats des traitements de fertilité. Toute intervention chirurgicale comporte des risques et des complications associées, et l'hystéroscopie n'améliore pas toujours les résultats de fertilité. Toutes les interventions entraînent des coûts, lesquels sont assumés par la patiente ou son assureur. DONNéES PROBANTES: Des recherches ont été faites dans les bases de données PubMed-Medline, Embase, Science Direct, Scopus et Cochrane Library pour répertorier les articles publiés en anglais dans la période de janvier 2010 à mai 2021 (voir les termes de recherche MeSH à l'annexe B). MéTHODES DE VALIDATION: Les auteurs ont évalué la qualité des données probantes et la force des recommandations en utilisant le cadre méthodologique GRADE (Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation). Voir l'annexe A en ligne (tableau A1 pour les définitions et tableau A2 pour l'interprétation des recommandations fortes et faibles). PROFESSIONNELS CONCERNéS: Gynécologues qui prennent en charge les affections courantes chez les patientes atteintes d'infertilité. RéSUMé POUR TWITTER: Il y a lieu de s'assurer que l'intervention améliore la probabilité d'une naissance vivante avant de proposer l'hystéroscopie à une patiente atteinte d'infertilité.

16.
Arq Neuropsiquiatr ; 82(1): 1-18, 2024 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38316428

RESUMEN

Spinal muscular atrophy linked to chromosome 5 (SMA-5q) is an autosomal recessive genetic disease caused by mutations in the SMN1. SMA-5q is characterized by progressive degeneration of the spinal cord and bulbar motor neurons, causing severe motor and respiratory impairment with reduced survival, especially in its more severe clinical forms. In recent years, highly effective disease-modifying therapies have emerged, either acting by regulating the splicing of exon 7 of the SMN2 gene or adding a copy of the SMN1 gene through gene therapy, providing a drastic change in the natural history of the disease. In this way, developing therapeutic guides and expert consensus becomes essential to direct the use of these therapies in clinical practice. This consensus, prepared by Brazilian experts, aimed to review the main available disease-modifying therapies, critically analyze the results of clinical studies, and provide recommendations for their use in clinical practice for patients with SMA-5q. This consensus also addresses aspects related to diagnosis, genetic counseling, and follow-up of patients under drug treatment. Thus, this consensus provides valuable information regarding the current management of SMA-5q, helping therapeutic decisions in clinical practice and promoting additional gains in outcomes.


Atrofia muscular espinhal ligada ao cromossomo 5 (AME-5q) é uma doença genética de herança autossômica recessiva causada por mutações no gene SMN1. A AME-5q cursa com degeneração progressiva dos motoneurônios medulares e bulbares, acarretando grave comprometimento motor e respiratório com redução da sobrevida, especialmente nas suas formas clínicas mais graves. Nos últimos anos, terapias modificadoras da doença altamente eficazes, ou que atuam regulando o splicing do exon 7 do gene SMN2 ou adicionando uma cópia do gene SMN1 via terapia gênica, têm surgido, proporcionando uma mudança drástica na história natural da doença. Dessa forma, o desenvolvimento de guias terapêuticos e de consensos de especialistas torna-se importante no sentido de direcionar o uso dessas terapias na prática clínica. Este consenso, preparado por especialistas brasileiros, teve como objetivos revisar as principais terapias modificadoras de doença disponíveis, analisar criticamente os resultados dos estudos clínicos dessas terapias e prover recomendações para seu uso na prática clínica para pacientes com AME-5q. Aspectos relativos ao diagnóstico, aconselhamento genético e seguimento dos pacientes em uso das terapias também são abordados nesse consenso. Assim, esse consenso promove valiosas informações a respeito do manejo atual da AME-5q auxiliando decisões terapêuticas na prática clínica e promovendo ganhos adicionais nos desfechos finais.


Asunto(s)
Atrofia Muscular Espinal , Neurología , Humanos , Asesoramiento Genético , Brasil , Consenso , Atrofia Muscular Espinal/diagnóstico , Atrofia Muscular Espinal/genética , Atrofia Muscular Espinal/terapia
17.
J Am Dent Assoc ; 155(2): 102-117.e9, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38325969

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: A panel convened by the American Dental Association Science and Research Institute, the University of Pittsburgh, and the University of Pennsylvania conducted systematic reviews and meta-analyses and formulated evidence-based recommendations for the pharmacologic management of acute dental pain after simple and surgical tooth extraction(s) and for the temporary management (ie, definitive dental treatment not immediately available) of toothache associated with pulp and periapical diseases in adolescents, adults, and older adults. TYPES OF STUDIES REVIEWED: The panel conducted 4 systematic reviews to determine the effect of opioid and nonopioid analgesics, local anesthetics, corticosteroids, and topical anesthetics on acute dental pain. The panel used the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation approach to assess the certainty of the evidence and the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation Evidence-to-Decision Framework to formulate recommendations. RESULTS: The panel formulated recommendations and good practice statements using the best available evidence. There is a beneficial net balance favoring the use of nonopioid medications compared with opioid medications. In particular, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs alone or in combination with acetaminophen likely provide superior pain relief with a more favorable safety profile than opioids. CONCLUSIONS AND PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: Nonopioid medications are first-line therapy for managing acute dental pain after tooth extraction(s) and the temporary management of toothache. The use of opioids should be reserved for clinical situations when the first-line therapy is insufficient to reduce pain or there is contraindication of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Clinicians should avoid the routine use of just-in-case prescribing of opioids and should exert extreme caution when prescribing opioids to adolescents and young adults.


Asunto(s)
Dolor Agudo , Analgésicos Opioides , Humanos , Estados Unidos , Anciano , Adolescente , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapéutico , Odontalgia/tratamiento farmacológico , American Dental Association , Dolor Agudo/tratamiento farmacológico , Antiinflamatorios no Esteroideos/uso terapéutico , Academias e Institutos
18.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38311310

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To update the 2010 CNGOF clinical practice guidelines for the first-line management of infertile couples. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five major themes (first-line assessment of the infertile woman, first-line assessment of the infertile man, prevention of exposure to environmental factors, initial management using ovulation induction regimens, first-line reproductive surgery) were identified, enabling 28 questions to be formulated using the Patients, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome (PICO) format. Each question was addressed by a working group that had carried out a systematic review of the literature since 2010, and followed the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE®) methodology to assess the quality of the scientific data on which the recommendations were based. These recommendations were then validated during a national review by 40 national experts. RESULTS: The fertility work-up is recommended to be prescribed according to the woman's age: after one year of infertility before the age of 35 and after 6months after the age of 35. A couple's initial infertility work-up includes a single 3D ultrasound scan with antral follicle count, assessment of tubal permeability by hysterography or HyFOSy, anti-Mullerian hormone assay prior to assisted reproduction, and vaginal swabbing for vaginosis. If the 3D ultrasound is normal, hysterosonography and diagnostic hysteroscopy are not recommended as first-line procedures. Chlamydia trachomatis serology does not have the necessary performance to predict tubal patency. Post-coital testing is no longer recommended. In men, spermogram, spermocytogram and spermoculture are recommended as first-line tests. If the spermogram is normal, it is not recommended to check the spermogram. If the spermogram is abnormal, an examination by an andrologist, an ultrasound scan of the testicles and hormonal test are recommended. Based on the data in the literature, we are unable to recommend a BMI threshold for women that would contraindicate medical management of infertility. A well-balanced Mediterranean-style diet, physical activity and the cessation of smoking and cannabis are recommended for infertile couples. For fertility concern, it is recommended to limit alcohol consumption to less than 5 glasses a week. If the infertility work-up reveals no abnormalities, ovulation induction is not recommended for normo-ovulatory women. If intrauterine insemination is indicated based on an abnormal infertility work-up, gonadotropin stimulation and ovulation monitoring are recommended to avoid multiple pregnancies. If the infertility work-up reveals no abnormality, laparoscopy is probably recommended before the age of 30 to increase natural pregnancy rates. In the case of hydrosalpinx, surgical management is recommended prior to ART, with either salpingotomy or salpingectomy depending on the tubal score. It is recommended to operate on polyps>10mm, myomas 0, 1, 2 and synechiae prior to ART. The data in the literature do not allow us to systematically recommend asymptomatic uterine septa and isthmoceles as first-line surgery. CONCLUSION: Based on strong agreement between experts, we have been able to formulate updated recommendations in 28 areas concerning the initial management of infertile couples.

19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38363241

RESUMEN

Intermittent auscultation (IA) is an evidence-based method of fetal surveillance during labor for birthing people with low-risk pregnancies. It is a central component of efforts to reduce the primary cesarean rate and promote vaginal birth (American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, 2019; Association of Women's Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses, 2022a). The use of intermittent IA decreased with the introduction of electronic fetal monitoring, while the increased use of electronic fetal monitoring has been associated with an increase of cesarean births. This practice monograph includes information on IA techniques; interpretation and documentation; clinical decision-making and interventions; communication; education, staffing, legal issues; and strategies to implement IA.

20.
Nurs Womens Health ; 2024 Feb 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38363259

RESUMEN

Intermittent auscultation (IA) is an evidence-based method of fetal surveillance during labor for birthing people with low-risk pregnancies. It is a central component of efforts to reduce the primary cesarean rate and promote vaginal birth (American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, 2019; Association of Women's Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses, 2022a). The use of intermittent IA decreased with the introduction of electronic fetal monitoring, while the increased use of electronic fetal monitoring has been associated with an increase of cesarean births. This practice monograph includes information on IA techniques; interpretation and documentation; clinical decision-making and interventions; communication; education, staffing, legal issues; and strategies to implement IA.

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