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1.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 6(1): 71-86, 2020. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1052629

RESUMO

Introdução:Durante a gravidez, os hormônios sexuais, estrógeno e progesterona, aumentam significativamente no organismo da mulher e parecem exercer efeitos marcantes e potencialmente prejudiciais sobre o metabolismo tecidual sendo, portanto, um fator agravante para oaumento da incidência da doença periodontal nesse período, assim como para o aumento da severidade da doença quando já instalada. Além disso, durante o período de gestação, ocorrem alterações nos níveis hormonais modificando as chances da doença periodontal se instalar ou se agravar. Objetivo:Estudar a prevalência e a severidade da doença periodontal, a identificação de dieta, higiene bucal e levantamento de lesões brancas ativas de esmaltenas gestantes cadastradas no Programa Pré-natal em umaUnidade Básica de Saúde em Natal/RN. Método:O estudo se caracteriza como seccional, descritivo e observacional, tendo como público alvo as gestantes cadastradas no programa de Pré-natal da Unidade de Saúde de Aparecida. Foram incluídas 30 gestantes em estágios diversos de gravidez. Para a análise das condições periodontais utilizou-se Índice Periodontal Comunitário. Os dados obtidos foram tabulados em planilha Excel, a partir dos quais foram calculadas médias e os respectivos desvios-padrão. Além disso foi aplicado um questionário com questões semiestruturadas para a identificação de dieta, higiene bucal e levantamento de lesões brancas ativas de esmalte. Resultados:Constatou-se que metade das gestantes adotavam dieta rica em carboidratos, e de um modo geral, apresentavam higiene bucal insatisfatória; presença de lesão branca de esmalte ativa na maioria das gestantes examinadas; a condição periodontal avaliada por meio do índice escolhido queevidenciou alta prevalência de cálculo dentário, sangramento gengival ebolsas periodontais entre os sextantes examinados. Conclusões:De forma geral, as gestantes apresentaram uma condição de saúde bucal precária, com altas médias dos componentes do índice usadoe presença de lesões brancas ativas de esmalte.(AU).


Introduction:During pregnancy, the sex hormones, estrogen and progesterone, increase significantly in the woman's body and seem to exert significant and potentially harmful effects on the tissue metabolism and, therefore, an aggravating factor to increase the incidence of periodontal disease in this period, as well as to increase the severity of the disease when already installed. In addition, during the gestation period, changes in hormone levelsoccur, modifying the chances of periodontal disease if it installs or worsens.Objective:To study the prevalence and severity of periodontal disease, identification of diet, oral hygiene and survey of active White enamel lesions among pregnant women enrolled in the Pré-natal Program in aBasic Health Unitin Natal/RN. Methods:The study is characterized as sectional, descriptive and observational, with the target group of pregnant women enrolled in the Pré-natal Program of the Aparecida Health Unit. Thirty pregnant women were included in various stages of pregnancy. Periodontal Community Index was used to analyze the periodontal conditions. The data obtained were tabulated in Excel spreadsheet, from this mean and the respective standard deviations were calculated. 10390In addition, a questionnaire with semistructured questions was applied to the identification of diet, oral hygiene and survey of active white lesions of enamel. Results:It was found that half of the pregnant women adopted a diet rich in carbohydrates, and, in general, presented poor oral hygiene; presence of active enamel white lesion in the majority of pregnant women examined; the periodontal condition evaluated through of theshowed a high prevalence of dental calculus, gingival bleeding and periodontal pockets among the sextants examined.Conclusions:In general, the pregnant women presented a precarious oral health condition, with high mean values of the components of the used indexand the presence of active enamel white lesions.(AU).


Introducción:durante el embarazo, las hormonas sexuales, el estrógeno y la progesterona, aumentan significativamente en el cuerpo de la mujer y parecen tener efectos marcados y potencialmente dañinos en el metabolismo de los tejidos, por lo que son un factor agravante de la mayor incidencia de enfermedad periodontal en este período. Así como para aumentar la gravedad de la enfermedad cuando ya está instalada. Además, durante el período de gestación, se producen cambios en los niveles hormonales, lo que cambia las posibilidades de que la enfermedad periodontal se estabilice o empeore. Objetivo:Estudiar la prevalencia y la gravedad de la enfermedad periodontal, identificación de la dieta, higiene bucal y estudio de lesiones activas del esmalte blanco en mujeres embarazadas registradas en el Programa Pré-natal en unaUnidad de SaludBásica en Natal/RN. Método:El estudio se caracteriza por ser descriptivo, descriptivo y observacional, dirigido a mujeres embarazadas registradas en el programa Pré-natal de la Unidad de Salud de Aparecida. Se incluyeron treinta mujeres embarazadas en diferentes etapas del embarazo. Para el análisis de las condiciones periodontales, se utilizó un índice periodontal comunitario. Los datos obtenidos se tabularon en una hoja de cálculo Excel, a partir de la cual se calcularon los promedios y las respectivas desviaciones estándar. Además, se aplicó un cuestionario con preguntas semiestructuradas para identificar la dieta, la higiene bucal y la encuesta de las lesiones activas del esmalte blanco. Resultados: encontró que la mitad de las mujeres embarazadas adoptaron una dieta rica en carbohidratos y, en general, presentaron una higiene bucal insatisfactoria; presencia de lesión del esmalte blanco activa en la mayoría de las embarazadas examinadas; La condición periodontal evaluada mediante el índicemostró una alta prevalencia de cálculo dental, sangrado gingival y bolsas periodontales entre los sextantes examinados. Conclusiones:en general, las mujeres embarazadas presentaron una condición de salud bucal precaria, con promedios altos de los componentes del índice utilizadoy la presencia de lesiones activas de esmalte blanco.(AU).


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Adulto , Doenças Periodontais , Brasil , Centros de Saúde , Saúde Bucal , Gestantes , Higiene Bucal , Hormônios Esteroides Gonadais , Índice Periodontal , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto
2.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4584, 01 Fevereiro 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-997977

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the relationship between excess body weight (EBW) and the prevalence of dental caries in preschoolers considering parental control regarding snack consumption. Material and Methods: An observational, population-based, cross-sectional study was conducted at Municipal Child Education Centers in the city of Curitiba, Brazil, involving a representative sample of 686 preschool children aged four to five years and eleven months and their parents/caregivers. Dental caries was analyzed using the dmft index. Weight and height were measured for the determination of the body mass index, which was categorized for each zscore range considering age and sex. Children with overweight or obesity were considered to have EBW. The assessment of nutritional status was performed with the aid of the WHO Anthro and WHO Anthro Plus programs. The data were analyzed using univariate and multivariate Poisson regression analysis with robust variance (α= 0.05). Results: The children with EBW had a lower prevalence rate of caries, but this association lost its significance when adjusted by the other variables included in the multivariate model. In the multivariate regression analysis, household income per capita (PR=0.804; 95%CI: 0.665-0.972), child's age (PR=1.015; 95%CI: 1.001-1.029) and snack limits (PR=0.839; 95%IC: 0.732-0.962) were associated with a greater prevalence rate of dental caries. Conclusion: Excess body weight was not significantly associated with dental caries, whereas a lower parental limit regarding snack consumption by the children was independently associated with a higher prevalence rate of dental caries.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Peso Corporal , Ganho de Peso , Estado Nutricional , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Sobrepeso , Comportamento Alimentar , Pais , Brasil , Pré-Escolar , Antropometria/métodos , Estudos Transversais/métodos , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto/métodos , Obesidade
3.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4419, 01 Fevereiro 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-998234

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the cephalic indices among Bataknese school students. Material and Methods: An observational study was performed by measuring 95 Bataknese children aged 3-5 years using a purposive sampling technique. The vertical cephalic index was measured directly in children, while the dental arch and palatal depth were measured on maxillary impressions. Vertical cephalic index data were obtained by measuring the height and length of the child's head directly. Measurement was performed three times by three different people. Cephalic height was measured by a digital calipers by placing each edge of the calipers on the nasion and gnathion. Descriptive statistics were used to calculate the mean and standard deviation. Results: The analysis of height and cephalic length showed that the highest values were 9.28 cm and 18.13 cm, while the lowest were 7.43 cm and 13.43 cm, respectively. The means for Maxillary canine arch width and Maxillary molar arch width were 30.66 mm and 46.69 mm, respectively. For the Maxillary canine arch depth, the mean was 12.0 mm, while for the Maxillary molar arch depth was 28.65 mm. The palatal depth was 14.33. Conclusion: The majority of Bataknese children have a dolichocephalic head shape with a tapered maxillary dental arch and a narrow one.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Antropometria/métodos , Cefalometria , Cabeça , Odontometria , Ortodontia , Interpretação Estatística de Dados , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto , Indonésia
4.
Rev. ABENO ; 19(1): 20-32, 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1022120

RESUMO

O estudo visa obter percepções críticas de formandos em Odontologia sobre o estágio curricular no SUS. Realizou-se pesquisa exploratória, descritiva e qualitativa junto à população de acadêmicos concluintes do curso de Odontologia de uma universidade pública do sul do Brasil (n= 52) (ano base: 2016), considerando-se para fins de análise somente os acadêmicos que julgaram que o estágio no SUS não foi produtivo para a sua formação acadêmica (n=11). A apreensão das informações se deu por meio de questão norteadora única e os resultados foram tratados de acordo com a técnica de análise do discurso do sujeito coletivo. Das informações obtidas foram extraídos dois temas 'Organização' e 'Estrutura' do estágio, e sete ideias centrais, as quais deram origem aos discursos. Os acadêmicos expõem importância arraigada ao modelo de atuação profissional tecnicista, com baixo interesse no SUS enquanto campo de trabalho (AU).


The study aims at obtaining critical perceptions of Dentistry graduating students about the supervised intership in the Unified Health System. An exploratory, descriptive and qualitative research was carried out with the population composed by Dentistry graduating students of a public university in southern Brazil (n=52) (base year: 2016), considering only the ones who judged that the supervised intership in the Unified Health System was not productive for their professional qualification (n=11). The information was apprehended by means of a single guiding question and the results were treated according to the discourse of the collective subject technique. From the information obtained, two themes, 'Organization' and 'Structure' of the supervised intership, and seven central ideas, which originated the discourses, were extracted. The students expose the importance focused on the technicist model of approach, with low interest in the Unified Health System as a field of work (AU).


Assuntos
Estudantes de Odontologia , Avaliação Educacional/métodos , Brasil , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Interpretação Estatística de Dados , Pesquisa em Odontologia , Instituições de Ensino Superior , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto
5.
Rev. ABENO ; 19(1): 33-39, 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1022125

RESUMO

O presente estudo observacional do tipo caso-controle avaliou o impacto da participação no Programa de Iniciação Científica (PIC) no coeficiente de rendimento (CR) acadêmico de graduandos em Odontologia. Alunos de uma instituição de ensino superior (IES) particular localizada em Campinas (SP) foram divididos em dois grupos: caso (GCs; vinculados ao PIC 2013 a 2016) e controle (GCt estudantes matriculados e/ou egressos que se enquadraram aos critérios de inclusão). Calculou-se o CR dos participantes, ponderado pela carga horária das disciplinas, sendo para o GCs: nos semestres anteriores à participação no PIC e nos semestres letivos cursados em concomitância ou posteriormente à 1ª participação no programa. Para o GCt, considerou-se o CR dos semestres cursados. Vincularam-se ao PIC 58 estudantes, sendo 15,5% (9) na 1ª edição (2013-2014); 27,6% (16) na 2ª (2014-2015); 29,3% (17) na 3ª (2015-2016) e 27,6% (16) na 4ª edição (2016-2017). Dentre os aptos a participar do GCt, sorteou-se 60 estudantes. Verificou-se que houve um aumento significativo (p<0,0001, teste t pareado) nos CRs calculados para GCs antes do PIC (7,73±0,49) e depois do PIC (7,89±0,46). Estudantes GCs tiveram CR mais alto do que aqueles do GCt (7,45±0,56), tanto previamente quanto após sua participação no PIC (p< 0,0001, teste t para uma média). Concluise que o estímulo à iniciação científica por meio da institucionalização de programas acadêmicos diferencia o rendimento escolar dos participantes (AU).


This observational, case-control type study evaluated the impact of participation in a Research Mentorship Program (RMP) on the academic performance coefficient (PC) of undergraduates of a dentistry course. Students from a private higher education institution (HEI) located in Campinas (SP) were divided into two groups: case (CGs; who participated in the RMP between 2013 and 2016) and control (CTGs, enrolled students and/or graduates who met the inclusion criteria). The PC of the participants was calculated, considering the study hours of the subjects. Those of the CGs were based on the semesters prior to participation in the RMP and those taught concurrently or after first participation in the program. For the CTGs all semesters studied were considered. A total of 58 students were linked to the RMP, with 15.5% (9) in the 1st edition (2013-2014); 27.6% (16) in the 2nd (2014-2015); 29.3% (17) in the 3rd (2015-2016) and 27.6% (16) in the 4th edition (2016-2017). A total of 60 students were randomly selected for inclusion in the CTG. It was found that there was a significant increase in the calculated PCs of the CGs (p<0.0001, paired t test) from before (7.73 ± 0.49) to after the RMP (7.89 ± 0.46). CG students had a higher PC than students of the CTG (7.45 ± 0.56), both before and after their participation in the RMP (p<0.0001, one sample t-test) ). It can be concluded that research mentorship stimulus through the establishing of academic programs makes a difference to the scholastic performance of the participants (AU).


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Estudantes de Odontologia , Pesquisa em Odontologia , Avaliação Educacional/métodos , Instituições de Ensino Superior , Desempenho Acadêmico , Brasil , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Interpretação Estatística de Dados , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto
6.
Rev. ABENO ; 19(1): 90-96, 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1022648

RESUMO

As metodologias ativas de ensino-aprendizagem são um desafio tanto para o docente quanto para o discente e instituições de ensino. O presente estudo objetivou diagnosticar as condições mais favoráveis ao aprendizado, comparando diferentes métodos de ensino sobre montagem de articulador semiajustável (ASA) para estudantes de terceiro período da Faculdade de Odontologia São José, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Participaram deste estudo 140 estudantes divididos em dois grupos, Grupo I: Leitura de artigo e aula expositiva e Grupo II: Peer Instruction (PI). Foram avaliados o nível de participação nas atividades propostas, a forma como o conhecimento era construído, o número de erros e acertos obtidos nas atividades práticas, além do domínio do assunto abordado e a postura profissional do aluno. Observou-se que no Grupo I 6 (21,4%) estudantes realizaram correta montagem dos modelos e no Grupo II 26 (29,2%) apresentaram este resultado. Os erros mais prevalentes ocorreram nas fases compensação de cera (Grupo I: 18 - 35,3%; Grupo II: 26 - 29,2%) e registro intermaxilar (12 - 23,5% no Grupo I; 17 - 19,1% no Grupo II). O resultado obtido comprovou que a proposta de ensino PI, empregada no Grupo II, favoreceu o aprendizado, uma vez que houve aumento do número de acertos nas atividades e domínio dos conceitos que envolvem o manuseio e a operação dos equipamentos utilizados (AU).


The active teaching-learning methodologies are challenging to both the professor and student, and to teaching institutions. The aim of the present study was to diagnose the conditions most favorable to learning, by comparing different methods of teaching third semester students about mounting a Semi-Adjustable Articulator, at the São José Dental School, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The participants in this study were 140 students, divided into two groups, Group I: Reading the article, and a lecture demonstration, and Group II: Peer Instruction (PI). The following aspects were evaluated: the level of participation in the proposed activities, the way in which knowledge was constructed, the number of errors and correct outcomes obtained in the practical activities, in addition to command of the subject approached and the student's professional posture. In Group I, 6 (21.4%) students were observed to perform correct mounting of the models, and in Group II, 26 (29.2%) presented this result. The most prevalent errors occurred in the stages of compensation with wax (Group I: 18 - 35.3%; Group II: 26 - 29.2%) intermaxillary register (12 - 23.5% in Group I; 17 - 19.1% in Group II). The result obtained proved that the PI teaching proposal used in Group II favored learning, because there was an increase in the number of correct outcomes obtained in the activities, and command of the concepts that involved the handling and operation of the equipment used (AU).


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas/métodos , Articuladores Dentários , Oclusão Dentária , Desempenho Acadêmico , Estudantes de Odontologia , Brasil , Interpretação Estatística de Dados , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto
7.
Rev. ABENO ; 18(2): 20-26, maio 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-907131

RESUMO

Banco de dentes humanos (BDH) é uma entidade sem fins lucrativos que tem a finalidade de recepcionar, armazenar, catalogar e manter em boa conservação dentes humanos para pesquisa e treinamento laboratorial pré-clínico de estudantes. No entanto, muitos cirurgiões-dentistas desconhecem a importância do BDH. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o conhecimento dos cirurgiões-dentistas das Unidades Básicas de Saúde (UBS) do município de Teresina/PI sobre condutas diversas relacionadas aos BDHs. O presente estudo é do tipo observacional com amostragem probabilística estratificada com alocação proporcional, que utilizou entrevistas. Mais da metade dos cirurgiões-dentistas afirmaram ter conhecimento da existência de BDHs no Brasil, porém 81% desconheciam a existência do BDH da Universidade Federal do Piauí (UFPI). Todos os entrevistados foram a favor da doação e consideram o dente como um órgão, entretanto 95,2% nunca fez doação de dentes para um BDH. O lixo foi o destino mais comum após exodontias. Diante disto, foi possível concluir que não há doação de dentes humanos pelos cirurgiões-dentistas entrevistados, possivelmente, devido ao desconhecimento da existência do BDH da UFPI e suas peculiaridades (AU).


Human teeth bank (BDH) is a non-profit organization whose purpose is to receive, store, catalog and maintain human teeth for research and pre-clinical laboratory training of students. However, many dental surgeons are unaware of the importance of BDH. The objective of this study was to evaluate the knowledge of dental surgeons of the Basic Health Units of the city of Teresina/PI about their behaviors related to BDHs. We performed an observational study with probabilistic sampling stratified with proportional allocation, which used interviews. More than half of the dental surgeons reported knowing of the existence of BDHs in Brazil, but 81% were unaware of the existence of the BDH of the Federal University of Piauí (UFPI). All interviewees were in favor of the donation and considered the tooth as an organ. However, 95.2% never donated teeth to a BDH. Trash was the most common destination after exodontia. Given this, it was possible to conclude that there is no donation of human teeth by the dentists interviewed, possibly due to the lack of knowledge of the existence of the UFPI's BDH and its peculiarities (AU).


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Bioética , Odontólogos , Bancos de Tecidos , Dente , Brasil , Contenção de Riscos Biológicos , Entrevista , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto/métodos
8.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 18(1): 3211, 15/01/2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-966833

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the different management aspects of Centers for Dental Specialties (CEO) in Brazil. Material and Methods: Quantitative study with analysis of secondary data. The results of external evaluation of the first PMAQ-CEO cycle were considered, especially those related to planning and self-assessment, demand organization, work process, human resources as well as the availability of supplies/materials/dental equipment. The selected data were analyzed based on the calculation of proportions using the Microsoft Office Excel and Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) programs. Results: The planning of actions in CEOs is conducted in nearly 80% of units, with the participation of dental surgeons, receiving support, mainly, from the local dental health or state public manager. The access to CEO is given, mostly, in a referenced or mixed (referenced and spontaneous) form. Only 49% of CEOs offer permanent education actions for workers. The work management process has been guided by quality standards of PMAQ-CEO for 77% of managers. Conclusion: The study allowed perceiving the presence of an often shared management, on the CEO organization, on self-evaluation process, planning, demand organization and work process, as well as human resources and infrastructure, showing conformity with the Oral Health National Policy guidelines. However, the results show that some problems with regard to the evaluation as work routine and management of access to CEOs still persist, pointing to the need for further studies and effort of managers to overcome them.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Especialidades Odontológicas/organização & administração , Odontologia em Saúde Pública , Serviços de Saúde , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Interpretação Estatística de Dados , Gestão em Saúde , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto , Planejamento em Saúde
9.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 18(1): 3774, 15/01/2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-966855

RESUMO

Objective: To describe satisfaction, resolution and social participation of users regarding the service offered in Brazilian Centers for Dental Specialties (CEOs). Material and Methods: An analysis was made of the first phase of PMAQ-CEO, developed during 2014, in which 8,897 users were interviewed. Module III of the instrument external evaluation was used, considering the socio-demographic characterization of the assisted population, and an analysis of satisfaction, resolution and social control of Brazilian CEOs. The bivariate and multivariate Poisson regression analysis with robust variance was used (α<0.05). Results: The profile of interviewed users is female, from the Northeastern region, brown color, living in the urban zone, incomplete elementary school, income of up to two minimum wages and resident of area covered by the family health strategy. The overall CEO rating is "good" (46.1%) or "very good" (49.2%). The score (0 to 10) given to reception staff and dentists was, respectively, 9.31±1.32 and 9.52±1.02. Among subjects who completed treatment (33.3%), the resolution was 95.3%. Although 89.1% stated they never needed to file a complaint, 68.4% did not know the Unified Health System ombudsman. The positive evaluation of CEO was associated with the good evaluation of professionals involved (p<0.05) and the absence of treatment interruption due to lack of material (p=0.037). Conclusion: The satisfaction of users with the services of Centers for Dental Specialties is high and treatments offered are resolutive. Social control tools need to be better known by users.


Assuntos
Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Especialidades Odontológicas/organização & administração , Brasil , Assistência Odontológica , Satisfação do Paciente , Estudos Transversais/métodos , Análise de Variância , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto/métodos
10.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 18(1): 3905, 15/01/2018. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-966881

RESUMO

Objective: To know the characteristics vertical position of mental foramen based on panoramic image as a guide in predicting the individual's age for the purposes of Forensic Odontology examination. Material and Methods: The method of this study was observational and descriptive by using the cross-sectional approach. The data is obtained from the secondary data, which is adopted by purposive sampling technique in RSGM FKG Hasanuddin University and RSUD Batara Guru Belopa, District Luwu, Indonesia. Data was analyzed by using descriptive analysis method. Results: Vertical position of mental foramen is mostly affected by age, but there are some cases where the Vertical position of mental foramen is not affected by the individual's age. Before the eruption processof permanent tooth finish, mental foramen is located closer with alveolar ridge. After the eruption process of permanent tooth, slowly mental foramen is moving halfway to the lower border of corpus mandible. As each individual grows older and resorption process occurs to alveolar bone, mental foramen will appear moving closer to alveolar ridge. Conclusion: The process of identifying mental foramen to predict individual's age in the relation with forensic odontology is possible to be done by using roentgen image in mandible of the dead victim. Although it still requires further identification, mental foramen position can be one of the references in predicting individual's age.


Assuntos
Humanos , Radiografia Panorâmica/métodos , Variação Anatômica , Odontologia Legal , Estudos Transversais , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto , Indonésia
11.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 18(1): 4144, 15/01/2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-966887

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the perception of mothers deprived of freedom about breastfeeding. Material and Methods: This cross-sectional study was developed in four prison units in the state of Paraíba, Brazil. The non-probabilistic type sample was composed of inmates who were breastfeeding. Information regarding mother, infant, prenatal care, breastfeeding and sucking habits were collected. Data were analyzed through the Statistical Package for Social Sciences and presented through descriptive statistics. Results: Of the 496 women under closed prison system, only 13 (2.6%) were breastfeeding their children in the prison environment. The age of mothers ranged from 19 to 35 years, and the most frequent age group was 19-23 years (46.2%). The majority had no partner (84.6%), low schooling (60%) and had other children (84.6%). All were pregnant when they were arrested and 76.9% underwent cesarean delivery. Infants aged 1-5 months and 61.5% were female. The majority of inmates performed prenatal care (76.9%), with prison being the referred site (60%). Participation in educational activities on breastfeeding was reported by 90.9%, and nurses were the health professionals who provided these guidelines (66.6%). Exclusive breastfeeding was reported by 69.2%, but the maximum period was two months (33.3%). All mothers complemented breastfeeding (100%). Nocturnal breastfeeding was reported by 15.4%, being used for the child to sleep. All children started bottle-feeding from the first trimester of life. Pacifier use was observed in all infants. Conclusion: Inmates are predominantly young, single, of low schooling and underwent cesarean delivery. Prenatal care was carried out at the prison and mothers participated in educational activities about breastfeeding. Exclusive breastfeeding was reported by the majority; however, the maximum time was two months. All infants used bottle and pacifier use was reported from birth.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Adulto , Cuidado Pré-Natal , Prisioneiros , Brasil , Aleitamento Materno , Mães , Percepção , Alimentação Artificial , Saúde Pública , Estudos Transversais/métodos , Interpretação Estatística de Dados , Chupetas , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto
12.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 4(3): 3-16, 2018. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-988257

RESUMO

Introdução:Os valores de uma organização permitem predizer o seu funcionamento e o comportamento organizacional dos seus membros. As organizações se mantêm pelos seus produtos elaborados. No caso das organizações de saúde, o produto seria a atenção dispensada ao usuário. Assim, o tipo e qualidade da atenção ofertada estariam relacionados aos valores que orientam à instituição.Objetivo:Avaliar os valores organizacionais que orientam os processos de trabalho nos serviços de saúde dos diversos campi do IFRN no ano de 2014 a partir da percepção dos servidores da assistência estudantil, verificando se os valores organizacionais estão relacionados à perspectiva de trabalho em equipe, atenção pautada no cuidado e gestão participativa.Metodologia:Estudo seccional do tipo avaliação para gestão onde o Inventário de Valores Organizacionais (IVO), questionário constituído por 36 valores distribuídos em três dimensões bipolares: autonomia x conservadorismo, hierarquia x igualitarismo e domínio x harmonia, foi respondido por 41 servidores da assistência à saúde do IFRN, selecionados por conveniência, de um universo de 104 servidores.Foram realizadas as frequências absolutas e relativas e as medidas de tendência central das variáveis, bem como teste de diferença de média (t student pareado) entre as dimensões bipolares. Resultados:Dentre os valores organizacionais, o conservadorismo e a hierarquia são os mais relevantes vivenciados na vida organizacional do IFRN. O perfil axiológico do IFRN revela uma instituição mais centrada em si mesma do que na valorização dos seus membros.Conclusão:Ainda são necessários mecanismos para disseminar valores que promovam o alcance dos objetivos e metas pretendidos pela instituição e que esses sejam reconhecidos por todos que compõem a instituição (AU).


Introduction: The values of an organization allows topredict the functioning of the organization and the organizational behavior of its members. The organizations keep their elaborate products. In the case of healthcare organizations, the product would be the attention paid to the user. Thus, the type and quality of care offered wouldbe related to the values that guide the institution.Objective: To evaluate the organizational values that guide the work processes in the health services of the various IFRN campuses in the year 2014, based on the perception ofthe servants of the student assistance, verifying if the organizational values are relatedto the perspective of teamwork, attention based on participatory care and management.Methodology: An evaluation for the management of health services Sectional Study which The Organizational Values Inventory (IVO), questionnaire consisting of 36 values distributed in three bipolar dimensions: autonomy x conservatism, hierarchy x egalitarianism and domain x harmony, was answered by 41 IFRN health care providers, selected by a non-probabilistic sample, from a universe of 104 health care providers. The absolute and relative frequencies and the measures of central tendency of the variables were performed, as well as the mean difference test (t student paired) between the bipolar dimensions.Results: Among these organizational values, conservatism and hierarchy are the most relevant values lived in the organizational life of the IFRN. The axiological profile of the IFRN reveals a more self-centered institution than the value of its members.Conclusion: It was observed that mechanisms are still needed to disseminate values that promote the achievement of the objectives and goals sought by the institution and that their importance is recognized by all that make up the institution (AU).


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Instituições Acadêmicas , Brasil , Organização Institucional , Assistência à Saúde , Estudos Transversais/métodos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Interpretação Estatística de Dados , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto
13.
Rev. ABENO ; 18(4): 14-20, 2018. graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-988273

RESUMO

A avaliação contínua e rotineira mantém o estudante sob constante estudo, leitura e aprendizado, além de suavizar o impacto das avaliações teóricas formais sobre os critérios tradicionais de aprovação. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o impacto da aplicação de quiz semanal sobre a nota da avaliação teórica formal no componente curricular Periodontia I do Curso de Odontologia da Universidade Federal do Paraná. Para este estudo observacional retrospectivo, avaliaram-se os campos "nota quiz" e "nota avaliação" dos diários de classe das turmas do primeiro e segundo semestres de 2016, respectivamente "sem quiz" (n=53) e "com a realização de quiz semanal" (n=55). As avaliações teóricas formais foram idênticas para as duas turmas. Os dados referentes ao número de quizzes realizados e média das notas de quiz foram tabulados. As análises estatísticas utilizadas foram teste t de Student e coeficiente de correlação de Spearman. A aplicação de quiz semanal deslocou a curva referente às notas de avaliação teórica à direita, sendo que as notas foram significativamente maiores neste grupo (p<0.01). Além disso, houve correlação significativa entre a nota da avaliação teórica e o número de quizzes realizados por cada estudante (r=0,39; p<0,01), bem como com a média da nota do quiz (r=0,47; p<0,01). Concluiu-se que a utilização de quiz semanal como instrumento de avaliação da aprendizagem influi positivamente no grau de conhecimento adquirido, provavelmente devido a um maior estímulo à leitura e estudo constante (AU).


Continuous and routine evaluation keeps the student studying, reading and learning permanently, as well as lightens the impact of formal theoretical exams on the traditional criteria for passing a course. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of weekly quiz application on the formal theoretical exam score in the course of Periodontics I ­ a theoreticalpractical course ­ at the School of Dentistry at Federal University of Paraná, Brazil. For this retrospective observational study, the fields "quiz score" and "exam score" of the register book from students of the first and second term of 2016, "no quiz" (n=53) and "weekly quiz application" (n=55), respectively, were analyzed. Formal theoretical exams were identical for both students groups. Data related to the number of quizzes taken by each student and quiz scores were tabulated. Student's t-test and Spearman correlation coefficient test were used for statistical analyses. Weekly quiz application moved the theoretical exam scores curve to the right and scores were significantly greater in this group (p<0.01). Besides, there was a significant correlation between theoretical exam score and the number of quizzes taken by each student (r=0.39; p<0.01), as well as with mean quiz score (r=0.47; p<0.01). We concluded that weekly application of quiz as an evaluation instrument in Periodontics positively influences acquired knowledge, probably due to stimulating permanent studying (AU).


Assuntos
Humanos , Periodontia/educação , Estudantes de Odontologia , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas/métodos , Educação em Odontologia , Avaliação Educacional/métodos , Brasil , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto/métodos
14.
Rev. ABENO ; 18(4): 21-30, 2018. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-988274

RESUMO

Considerando a importância da adoção de medidas de biossegurança desde a formação dos cirurgiõesdentistas, este estudo teve como objetivo descrever a prevalência de acidentes com perfurocortantes, onde e como ocorrem, assim como verificar as atitudes de estudantes de Odontologia em relação à sua prevenção e manejo. Tratou-se de estudo observacional quanti-qualitativo com 58 concluintes de um curso de graduação do Rio Grande do Sul. Foram utilizados um questionário e um roteiro de observação participante. Constatou-se prevalência de 31% de acidentes envolvendo material biológico. Os locais de maior ocorrência foram a clínica de periodontia e a central de esterilização. Sondas periodontais, pontas ultrassônicas e limas endodônticas foram os instrumentais mais envolvidos. Identificaram-se falhas no processo de notificação e limitações no uso adequado de EPI, especialmente na central de esterilização. Aspectos como cobertura vacinal, lavagem das mãos e rotinas de desinfecção necessitam acompanhamento. O desrespeito às normas de biossegurança e a desatenção figuraram como importantes fatores de risco observados. Os achados demandam investimentos em educação continuada com vistas à conscientização da comunidade acadêmica, indispensável para a prevenção de acidentes e preservação da saúde dos futuros cirurgiões-dentistas (AU).


Considering the importance of adopting biosafety measures since the initial training of dental surgeons, this study aimed to describe the prevalence, the distribution and to verify the attitudes of Dentistry students in relation to prevention and management of accidents with sharp cutting objects. This was a quantitativequalitative observational study with 58 undergraduates from a Dentistry course in Rio Grande do Sul. Questionnaires and participant observations were used. We verified a 31% prevalence of accidents involving biological material. The most frequent sites were the periodontics clinic and the sterilization center. Periodontal probes, ultrasonic tips and endodontic files were the most involved instruments. We identified failures in the notification process and limitations in the proper use of PPE, especially in the sterilization lab. Aspects such as vaccination, hand washing and disinfection routines require follow-up. Disrespect for biosafety standards and the lack of attention were important risk factors observed. The findings demand investments in ongoing education to raise awareness of the academic community, which is indispensable for accidents' prevention and preservation of the future dental surgeons' health (AU).


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Equipamentos de Proteção , Estudantes de Odontologia , Acidentes de Trabalho , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Contenção de Riscos Biológicos , Brasil , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto
15.
Rev. ABENO ; 18(4): 120-129, 2018. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-988304

RESUMO

O objetivo deste estudo, com recorte transversal de natureza quantitativa, foi avaliar o perfil, a percepção e o motivo da escolha pelo curso de Odontologia em uma faculdade particular de Campinas (SP). Do total de 153 alunos matriculados em 2016, 102 (66,7%) aceitaram participar da pesquisa. O instrumento de pesquisa foi um questionário estruturado, autoaplicável, com 22 questões que versavam sobre perfil socioeconômico, demográfico, percepção sobre o curso e os motivos de sua escolha. Entre os respondentes, 81,4% eram do sexo feminino. A faixa etária de 17 a 20 anos predominou (67,3%), sendo a maioria solteiros (89,3%), tendo cursado ensino médio em escola particular (80,4%), com renda familiar acima de R$ 8.800,00 (54,0%). Quando abordados sobre o motivo da escolha pelo curso, 61,7% optaram por ser da área da saúde; e 29,4% sofreram influência de um dentista. Quanto à pretensão profissional, 6,8% querem trabalhar somente no setor público, 47,0% querem ser assalariados e montar seu próprio negócio e 38% querem trabalhar de forma autônoma em consultório. Sobre o curso, 62,8% se declararam satisfeitos com o corpo docente; 72,5%, com a matriz curricular, e a maioria (70,5%) deseja cursar especialização após a graduação. Sobre a escolha, 97,0% estão satisfeitos; e 96,0% se sentem preparados para enfrentar o mercado de trabalho. A percepção dos respondentes é positiva quanto à formação. Há o reconhecimento da tendência de assalariamento na profissão, embora demonstrem o desejo de atuação no setor privado (AU).


The aim of the present cross-sectional, quantitative study was to evaluate the profile of students on the Dentistry course of a private college in Campinas (São Paulo) and their perception of and reasons for choosing such a course. Of the 153 students enrolled in 2016, 102 (66.7%) agreed to participate in the study. The research tool was a structured, self-administered questionnaire featuring 22 questions that dealt with socioeconomic and demographic profile, perception of the course and reasons for choosing it. Of those who responded, 81.4% were female. The 17 to 20 year-old age group predominated (67.3%), while most of the sample were single (89.3%), had attended a private high school (80.4%), and had a family income of over R$ 8,800.00 (54.0%). When asked about the reason for choosing the course, 61.7% said it was because it was part of the area of health, while 29.4% were influenced by a dentist. Regarding professional intentions, 6.8% wanted to work in the public sector only, 47.0% wanted to be salaried employees and set up their own business and 38% wanted to be self-employed in a dental surgery. A total of 62.8% declared themselves satisfied with the teaching staff of the course; 72.5% said they were satisfied with the curriculum, and the majority (70.5%) planned to do a specialization course after graduation. With regard to their choice, 97.0% were satisfied; while 96.0% felt prepared to enter the job market. The perception of the respondents about their training was positive. A trend towards salaried work in the profession was noted, although a desire to work in the private sector was also noted (AU).


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudantes de Odontologia , Escolha da Profissão , Educação em Odontologia , Mercado de Trabalho , Brasil , Inquéritos e Questionários , Interpretação Estatística de Dados , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto
16.
ImplantNewsPerio ; 2(4): 698-703, jul.-ago. 2017. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-860014

RESUMO

Objetivo: avaliar a extensão das doenças periodontais e sua associação com o estresse. Material e métodos: utilização de dois instrumentos de avaliação psicológica ­ o Inventário de Sintomas de Estresse e a Escala de Reajustamento Social ­ e na aferição de parâmetros clínicos periodontais por meio de profundidade de sondagem periodontal (PS), nível de inserção clínica (NIC), índice de placa (IP) e índice gengival (IG). O Inventário de Sintomas de Estresse incluiu todos os pacientes no estado de alerta. Já a Escala de Reajustamento Social classificou os pacientes em dois grupos: portadores de estresse leve (70%) e estresse moderado severo (30%). Os dados clínicos foram categorizados em: IP ≥ 60% dos sítios; IG ≥ 25% dos sítios; e NIC ≥ 4 mm. Resultados: as avaliações de estresse foram comparados aos dados clínicos periodontais, por meio de análises estatísticas descritivas e inferências, não apresentando resultado significativo (p > 0,05) entre os índices periodontais e os indicadores do grau de estresse do paciente periodontal. Conclusão: os pacientes periodontais são indivíduos que já apresentam acometimento por estresse psicológico e que o grau do estresse psicológico aferido não infl uenciou na extensão das doenças periodontais.


Objective: to evaluate the extention of periodontal diseases and its association with stress. Material and methods: use of two instruments of psychological evaluation ­ the Inventory of Stress Symptoms and the Social Readjustment Scale ­ and in the measurement of periodontal clinical parameters by probing pocket depth (PD), clinical attachment loss (CAL), Plaque index (PI) and gingival index (GI). The Inventory of Stress Symptoms included all patients on alertness status. The Social Readjustment Scale classified the patients into two groups: patients with mild stress (70%) and moderate-severe stress (30%). Clinical data were categorized as: presence of PI ≥ 60% of sites; IG ≥ 25% of sites; and CAL ≥ 4 mm. Results: the stress evaluations were compared to periodontal clinical data by means of descriptive statistics and inferences, and did not present signifi cant results (p > 0.05) between the periodontal indices and the indicators of the degree of stress of the periodontal patient. Conclusion: periodontal patients are individuals who already suffer from psychological stress and that the degree of psychological stress measured did not infl uence the extent of periodontal diseases.


Assuntos
Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Interpretação Estatística de Dados , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto , Doenças Periodontais/etiologia , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Avaliação de Sintomas
17.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 17(1): e3753, 13/01/2017. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-914297

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the occurrence of head and face injuries and associated factors among victims of automobile accidents in a trauma center. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional study was developed through the analysis of 9,734 medical records of children and adults hospitalized due to external causes in the Regional Hospital of Emergency and Trauma at Campina Grande, Brazil. Data were analyzed with the SPSS software version 15, also using the Pearson's chi-square test. The significance level adopted was 5 %. Results: Cases of automobile accidents accounted for 25.9% (n = 463) of hospitalizations due to external causes, and 83.8 % of victims were male and 16.2 % were female, representing a sex ratio of 5.1:1. As for age group, most had between 20 and 29 years (38.1%) and with respect to the day of the week, 40.8 % of incidents occurred over the weekend. The occurrence of injury was greater on the face (17.4%) than on the head (7.8%) and most victims had a single injury (58.5%). The existence of bone fractures was observed in 76.9 % of victims and 14.7 % had functional impairment. There was association between variables age (p < 0.001), sex (p < 0.001), day of the week (p < 0.001), presence of bone fractures (p < 0.001) and functional impairment (p = 0.002) with the occurrence of automobile accidents. Conclusion: The most automobile accidents occur on weekends and affect young male individuals, with frequent presence of fractures among victims. The occurrence of injury was greater on the face than on the head. Factors such as age, sex, presence of bone fractures and functional impairment was associated with automobile accidents.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Brasil , Acidentes de Trânsito , Registros Médicos , Traumatismos Faciais/diagnóstico , Estudos Transversais/métodos , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto/métodos
18.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 17(1): e3189, 13/01/2017. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-914302

RESUMO

Objective: To assess the child's behavior during primary tooth extractions, taking into account child's psychosocial and demographic factors and maternal characteristics. Material and Methods: An observational cross-sectional study involving children aged 7-13 years attending at the dental clinics of the School of Dentistry, Federal University of Pelotas. Children who underwent primary tooth extraction under local anesthesia and accompanied by their mothers were included. Data collection consisted of a questionnaire applied to mothers, assessment of child's behavior (Frankl Scale) and record of the presence of the mother. Data were analyzed using Stata 12.0 software. Descriptive analysis of the variables of interest and the Chi-square and Fisher Exact tests were performed to investigate the effect of independent variables on the outcome. The association between independent variables and the outcome was observed by crude and adjusted multivariate analysis by Poisson Regression (prevalence ratio). A 5% significance level was adopted. Results: Of 333 children evaluated, 124 were included in this study. Most were female (54.5%) aged 7-10 years (65.8%). The adjusted multivariate analysis, maternal dental anxiety and presence of the mother were the variables that remained associated with the child's behavior. Conclusion: This study suggests that presence of the mother and maternal dental anxiety negatively affect the behavior of children aged 7-13 years during primary tooth extraction.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Extração Dentária/métodos , Criança , Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/psicologia , Relações Mãe-Filho/psicologia , Brasil/etnologia , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Distribuição de Poisson , Análise Multivariada , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto/métodos
19.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 17(1): e3613, 13/01/2017. ilus, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-914470

RESUMO

Objective: To assess and compare the crown and root lengths of impacted maxillary central incisors with contralateral teeth, using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). Material and Methods: Sample comprised twenty-six patients (15 males, 11 females), ranging from seven to 14 years old, with unilateral impaction of maxillary central incisors. Landmarks demarcation was performed (I) at the root apex, (II) at the incisal edge, and (III) at the midpoint between the buccal and lingual cementoenamel junction (CEJ). Linear measures were taken alongside teeth long axis, with the aid of the software tools. Crown length was considered the distance between the incisal edge and CEJ; and root length was the distance between CEJ and the root apex. Crown and root length measures were obtained in cone beam computed tomography images using the In Vivo® Software. Measurements were compared between the impacted maxillary central incisors and contralateral teeth using paired t-test. Results: Crown and root lengths were statistically shorter (0.56 mm and 3.22 mm, respectively) in the impacted maxillary central incisors when compared to their contralateral teeth (p<0.001). This trend with regard the root length was observed in 25 out of 26 subjects, as well as in 21 subjects with regard the crown length. Conclusion: Decision-making process on the treatment plan for impacted maxillary central incisors must consider that these teeth have in average the crown lengths five per cent shorter and the root lengths 25 per cent shorter than their contralateral teeth.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico/instrumentação , Incisivo/diagnóstico por imagem , Raiz Dentária/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente Impactado/diagnóstico por imagem , Análise de Variância , Brasil , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto/métodos , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
20.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 17(1): e3822, 13/01/2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-914474

RESUMO

Objective: To identify the predictive factors for the appearance of oral mucositis (OM) in pediatric oncology patients based on their motor alterations. Material and Methods: This study was an observational, cross-sectional study with 2-19-year-old patients undergoing treatment at the pediatric oncology outpatient service of the Napoleão Laureano Hospital in João Pessoa, Brazil. The convenience sample consisted of 42 patients aged 2 to 19 years with a first diagnosis of cancer and under treatment. The instruments used were a questionnaire with sociodemographic questions - the modified Oral Assessment Guide (OAG) - and some categories of the International Classification of Functioning Disability and Health (CIF), applied by a calibrated examiner (Kappa>0.65). The data were organized in Excel spreadsheet and analyzed descriptively and inferentially using logistic regression (α=5%). Results: Most patients were female (52.4%, n=22), mean age of 11.6 years, median 12.0 years, self-declared as non-white (61.9%, n=26), non-white (66.7%, n=28), family monthly income of up to 2 Brazilian minimum wages (88.1%, n = 37). Most patients presented hematologic neoplasia (54.8%, n=23) with acute lymphoid leukemia (36.6%; n=15) and most of them were subjected to chemotherapy (45.2%; n = 19). OAG identified oral mucositis in a few cases (23.8%, n=10). Logistic regression and odds ratio showed that individuals with moderate and mild difficulty in changing basic body position had, respectively, 19.7 and 30.8 times more chances of developing oral mucositis. In patients with severe motor impairment, this risk is 17.3 times greater and those with mild difficulty in taking care of the bodily parts had an increase of 33.4 times the risk for oral mucositis. Conclusion: The deficit in motor activities increased the chances of developing oral mucositis.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Oncologia , Neoplasias/patologia , Estomatite/patologia , Brasil , Modelos Logísticos , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto/métodos , Inquéritos e Questionários
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