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Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4716, 01 Fevereiro 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-998227


Objective: To qualitatively investigate whether a prototype brush composed of metal bristles collects oral epithelial cells effectively for cytological evaluation of oral mucosal lesions. Material and Methods: Twenty patients with suspicious oral mucosal lesions were enrolled. Patients were asked to gargle with saline and to deposit the oral rinse into specimen cup. Then, oral mucosal cell samples were collected using a metal oral brush, via sweeping motion. Punch biopsy was performed for histological examination. All samples were evaluated with liquid based cytology (LBC) according to the cellularity, the depth of the epithelial layer, cellular integrity by an oral pathologist. Results: Oral rinse provided samples with 100% cellular integrity and cellularity, mostly from the intermediary layers. With metal brush, both inadequate cellularity and cellular integrity was observed in 25% of the cases. Cellular integrity was adequate in 65%, cellularity was adequate in 45% of the lesions. Samples were dominantly from the intermediary layers, but in one case, metal brush collected cells from the parabasal layer. Conclusion: The narrow spiral pitch and width of metal bristles may have resisted to release the cellular samples collected. With adjustment of the spiral pitch and diameter of metal brush bristles, its' efficacy could be enhanced.

Humanos , Biópsia , Neoplasias Bucais/diagnóstico , Diagnóstico Precoce , Mucosa Bucal/patologia , Turquia , Técnicas Citológicas/métodos , Citodiagnóstico
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 18(1): 3897, 15/01/2018. ilus, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-966737


Objective: To evaluate the impact of three different education methods on the oral hygiene levels of school children using clinical and theoretical findings. Material and Methods: 144 children (72 males and 72 females), whose ages ranged between 8-13, were divided into 12 equal experimental groups according to their ages and gender. They were all considered to have poor hygiene. Only one out of the three different education methods (brochure, model or video) was applied to each group. The percentage change in PI, GI, BOP and theoretical test points from the baseline to the 6th months were evaluated. The data was statistically analysed by using Kolmogorov- Smirnov and One-way ANOVA tests. Results: Reduction in PI, GI and BOP scores was significantly greater (p<0.05) in the video applied groups compared to the brochure groups in the age of 8-10 groups for both genders and in 11-13-year-old males. In 11- 13-year-old females, all methods showed similar results (p>0.05). There was no significant difference in test points in 8-10 and 11-13-year-old female groups (p>0.05), whereas a significant increase in test points was observed in the video and model applied groups compared to the brochure groups in 8-10 and 11-13-year-old male groups (p<0.05). Conclusion: It may be more helpful and effective for children to get the oral hygiene education using the visual methods, especially for those under the age of ten.

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Higiene Bucal/métodos , Criança , Índice de Placa Dentária , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Educação em Saúde Bucal , Escovação Dentária , Turquia , Estudos Transversais/métodos , Análise de Variância , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 18(1): 3948, 15/01/2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-966739


Objective: To evaluate the factors associated with knowledge and attitude of dentists regarding management of traumatic dental injuries (TDI). Material and Methods: In this cross-sectional and correlational study, the sample consisted of 136 Turkish dentists. A specialized questionnaire was developed and validated to collect data. The first part of the questionnaire included questions about sociodemographic characteristics, education level, working experince, working place, last dental trauma course, self-efficacy about management of TDI, and treatment frequency. The second part included a total of 17 questions with multiple choice and single correct answers regarding the management of intrusion and extrusion, avulsion, complicated crown fracture and crown-root fracture injuries in children. Descriptive statistics, multivariate analysis of variance, and partial eta squared coefficient (η 2) were used for statistical analysis. Results: There was a moderate level of knowledge among participants. The level of knowledge was statistically correlated (p < 0.05) in terms of working experience, working place, last dental trauma course and education level of participants, but not according to gender, self-efficacy, and treatment frequency (p > 0.05). General dentists had lower self-efficacy than specialist dentists (p < 0.05). Conclusion: While Turkish dentists working in a province seem to have a moderate level of knowledge regarding treatment of different types of TDI, it is necessary to carry out necessary studies to improve the knowledge and raise self-efficacy.

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Traumatismos Dentários , Odontólogos , Tratamento de Emergência , Turquia , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Análise de Variância
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 18(1): 3871, 15/01/2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-965758


Objective: To evaluate the place of chemo-mechanical caries removal (CMCR) methods within the scope of undergraduate education of two different dental faculties which located in close geography but with different socio-economic characteristics. Material and Methods: In this cross-sectional, descriptive study totally 130 participants (Ankara: n = 78 and Kirikkale: n = 52) were evaluated. A survey which consisting of 14 questions were conducted by face to face. Data was analyzed using the SPSS software. Frequency distributions and the Chi-Square test were applied. Results: 66.9% of the participants reported that they had knowledge about the chemomechanical caries removal method. 60% had knowledge about the mechanism of CMCR. Thirty-six point two percent of the participants from Ankara stated that they had knowledge about the CMCR mechanism and 40% did not know about any of the methods of CMCR. 52.8% of the respondents indicated that they should be minimally invasive in choosing the CMCR method. The most important reason for not choosing the CMCR method was inadequate method (32%) and takes too much time (32%). Conclusion: Significant differences were found between the students of the two cities regarding the awareness of the CMCR method. In order to overcome this disparity, the curriculum place of the CMCR method needs to be determined precisely and clearly.

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Estudantes de Odontologia , Turquia , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Educação em Odontologia/métodos , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Estudos Transversais/métodos