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1.
In. Scawthorn, Charles. The Marmara, Turkey earthquake of August 17, 1999 : Reconnaissance report. Buffalo, New York, U.S. Multidisciplinary Center for Earthquake Engineering Research (MCEER), Mar. 2000. p.151-69, ilus, tab. (Technical Report MCEER, 00-0001).
Monografia em Inglês | Desastres | ID: des-12622

RESUMO

This document lists some of the lessons learned while performing the investigation. It shows the purpose of the trip, itinerary and field investigations


Assuntos
Terremotos , Impacto de Calamidades , Tecnologia , Sistemas de Informação Geográfica , Bases de Dados como Assunto , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Turquia
4.
In. NU. Departamento de Asuntos Humanitarios (DAH). Programa de Mitigación de Desastres en el Perú; Perú. Instituto Nacional de Defensa Civil (INDECI); Perú. Colegio de Ingenieros del Perú. Consejo Departamental de Lima. Seminario banco nacional de datos para la prevención y mitigación de desastres. Lima, NU. Departamento de Asuntos Humanitarios (DAH). Programa de Mitigación de Desastres en el Perú; Perú. Instituto Nacional de Defensa Civil (INDECI); Perú. Colegio de Ingenieros del Perú. Consejo Departamental de Lima, sep. 1995. p.4.
Não convencional em Espanhol | Desastres | ID: des-12324

RESUMO

Los Sistemas de Información Geográfica (SIG) son una nueva tecnología considerada esencial para analizar y transferir conocimientos del mundo real a un sistema de mapeo computarizado que permite la captura, almacenamiento, búsqueda, análisis y despliegue de datos espaciales sobre la realidad ambiental. Los datos brindados por estos sistemas tienen una gran importancia para ayudar a la toma de decisiones que involucra la planificación del desarrollo, la conservación del medio ambiente, el manejo adecuado de los recursos del país, así como para modelar los peligros naturales, la vulnerabilidad y los riesgos con resultados importantes en los escenarios geográficos. Los análisis espaciales de los datos se transforman en información adecuada e inmediata a la atención, prevención y mitigación de los desastres. Explica pues, este documento lo que son los sistemas de información geográfica y la modelación en el manejo de los desastres naturales


Assuntos
Desastres Naturais , Sistemas de Informação , Moldes Genéticos , Bases de Dados como Assunto , Zona de Risco , Análise de Vulnerabilidade , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador
5.
In. Association of State Floodplain Managers. From the mountains to the sea - Developing local capabilities : Proceedings of the Nineteenth Annual Conference of the Association of State Floodplain Managers. Madison, Association of State Floodplain Managers, 1995. p.209-214.
Monografia em Inglês | Desastres | ID: des-12454

RESUMO

In 1986 the state of New Jersey enacted the Freshwater Wetlands Protection Act (FWPA). One requirement of this law charged the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) with developing an inventory of freshwater wetlands in the state. MARKHURD Corp. and Greenhorne & O'Mara, Inc. (G&O) were selected to conduct the inventory. MARKHURD Corp. was responsible for conducting the inventory and compiling final manuscripts for digitization. Wetland delineations were performed using stereoscopic interpretation of aerial photography combined with limited field verification. The final digital and hard copy format maps were delivered in May 1995. This comprehensive wetland inventory has proven to be a powerful resource management tool. This paper outlines the tools and methodologies used in the successful completion of this project and discusses some of the many uses of the inventory. The primary, tangible result of this project is a comprehensive inventory of the freshwater wetland resources in the state of New Jersey. The maps have gained wide acceptance and the confidence of public and private users throughout the state


Assuntos
Inundações , Áreas Alagadas , Água Doce , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , New Jersey , Estratégias Locais , Métodos , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Fotogrametria , Flora Aquática
6.
In. Association of State Floodplain Managers. From the mountains to the sea - Developing local capabilities : Proceedings of the Nineteenth Annual Conference of the Association of State Floodplain Managers. Madison, Association of State Floodplain Managers, 1995. p.215-7.
Monografia em Inglês | Desastres | ID: des-12455

RESUMO

Land use decisions are made at the local level by lay boards and comminissions in the 169 Connecticut cities and towns. Board members need information that is easy to understand and is technically defensible as a planning tool. The Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) recognized that need and partnered with the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) to develop a method to evaluate the functions and values of wetlands (Ammann, 1986) for use by people with limited scientific knowledge of wetlands. The results of this method provide the city/town with resource information of all wetlands in the project area, a comparative rating system for 14 values, functions and uses of the wetlands, maps ready for digitizing into a geographic information system (GIS), and graphs and tables. This method does not determine which wetland value, function, or use is most important to the community. The community determines importance values. The wetland database allows the towns to view wetlands as a system rather than looking at each wetland as an isolated unit


Assuntos
Áreas Alagadas , Controle de Cheias , Avaliação de Danos , Métodos , Connecticut , Metodologias Computacionais , Mapa , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador
8.
In. Wadge, Geoff. Natural hazards and remote sensing. s.l, <The> Royal Society;<The> Royal Academy of Engineering, 1994. p.51-3, tab.
Monografia em Inglês | Desastres | ID: des-5574

RESUMO

comparison and combination of high - resolution Digital Elevation Models and ortho - images generated from multi - date stereo photogrammetric aerial views, provides a powerful tool for the study of large ground movements, e.g. landslides and creep. Several sites have been studies in France; for each, a digitised image of the deformation field of a continuous ground surface has been computed, The extraction of qualitative and quantitative data, such as displacement and the volume of superficial deformetion, provides the necessary data for characterising and understanding the evolution of such sites. (AU)


Assuntos
Deslizamentos de Terra , Características do Solo , Acidentes Geográficos , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Análise Numérica Assistida por Computador , Monitoramento do Solo , Equipamentos e Provisões , Mecânica do Solo
9.
In. Wadge, Geoff. Natural hazards and remote sensing. s.l, <The> Royal Society;<The> Royal Academy of Engineering, 1994. p.64-6, ilus.
Monografia em Inglês | Desastres | ID: des-5577

RESUMO

piedmont zone is a focus of much evelopment is deserts. However, the piedmond is crossed by numerous stream channels which are subject to flash floods from upland drainage basins, forming a pattern of localsed hazards to people, property and road / railway links. Flood hazards are not uniform over the whole piedmont area, the highest risk being concentrated in contemporary depositional washes, Using an example in southern Tunisia, this paper shows how satellite images can be used tomap flood hazards in deserts using standard image processing and GIS techniques, providing geomorphologists and engineers with a method for undertaking large scale flood hazard surveys over desert terrain. (AU)


Assuntos
Inundações , Zona Árida , Comunicações Via Satélite , Equipamentos e Provisões , Sistemas de Informação , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Planejamento em Desastres , Medição de Risco
10.
In. Wadge, Geoff. Natural hazards and remote sensing. s.l, <The> Royal Society;<The> Royal Academy of Engineering, 1994. p.87-92.
Monografia em Inglês | Desastres | ID: des-5581

RESUMO

Sensors on meteorological and earth observation satellites can provide regular local and global assessments of vegetation fires and deforestation. Suitable images can be made available within minutes of satellite overpass. These provide an up to date description of fuel condition, Fire location and forest boundaries, Such information can from the basis of fire risk and deforestation alarms, Furthermore, archives of data can be used to put current forest / fire conditions into an historical perspective, However, work of this nature on continental and global scales, of necessity, requires global data sets; some of the generic issues in collection and management of these data are reviewed. (AU)


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Ecologia , Avaliação de Danos , Comunicações Via Satélite , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Medição de Risco , Equipamentos e Provisões
11.
In. Wadge, Geoff. Natural hazards and remote sensing. s.l, <The> Royal Society;<The> Royal Academy of Engineering, 1994. p.93-5, ilus.
Monografia em Inglês | Desastres | ID: des-5582

RESUMO

ERS- 1 satellite is ideally positioned for the adquisition of synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imagery of the polar regions. These regions contain many hazards both for shipping and for drilling rigs. The IPAP project includes development of a demostration system for the automatic extraction of ice feature products from ERS - 1 SAR data. These products include sea ice extent, concentration and type; sea ice motion information both in the marginal ice zone and in open water; and iceberg detection and motion extraction, Results from the system, in chosen areas, may be sent by fax to operators in the field. (AU)


Assuntos
Comunicações Via Satélite , Radar , Clima Frio , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Sistemas de Informação , Medição de Risco , Equipamentos e Provisões
14.
In. U.S. National Research Council. Hurricane Hugo : Puerto Rico, The Virgin Islands, and Charleston, South Carolina. Washington, D.C, U.S. National Academy of Sciences, 1994. p.16-47, ilus, mapas, Tab. (Natural Disasters Studies, 6).
Monografia em Inglês | Desastres | ID: des-6477
15.
In. U.S. National Research Council. Hurricane Hugo : Puerto Rico, The Virgin Islands, and Charleston, South Carolina. Washington, D.C, U.S. National Academy of Sciences, 1994. p.82-114, ilus, Tab. (Natural Disasters Studies, 6).
Monografia em Inglês | Desastres | ID: des-6480
16.
In. U.S. National Research Council. Hurricane Hugo : Puerto Rico, The Virgin Islands, and Charleston, South Carolina. Washington, D.C, U.S. National Academy of Sciences, 1994. p.172-201, mapas. (Natural Disasters Studies, 6).
Monografia em Inglês | Desastres | ID: des-6484
17.
In. Boschi, E., ed; Mantovani, E., ed; Morelli, A., ed. Recent evolution and seismicity of the Mediterranean region. Dordrecht, Kluwer Academic Press, 1993. p.105-16, tab, mapas. (NATO ASI Series. Series C : Mathematical and Physical Sciences, 402).
Monografia em Inglês | Desastres | ID: des-12366

RESUMO

The post-Tortonian deformation pattern in the Central Mediterranean can be satisfactorily interpreted in the framework of a SSW-NNE to SW-NE convergence between Africa and Eurasia (Mantovani et al., 1992 and this volume). However, this hypothesis is not in line with the most widely used Africa-Eurasia kinematic models, based on the analysis of North Atlantic kinematic data, which predict a SE-NW to S-N motion between Africa and Eurasia. Here it is argued that these models might be not reliable, since are based on the assumption that Eurasia is a unique coherent block from the Atlantic ridges to the Pacific trenches, which can hardly account for the significant intraplate deformation occurring in Western Europe, and in particular, in the Iberian Peninsula and surrounding regions. This evidence would imply that the kinematic data observed along the Mid-Atlantic ridges just North of Azores and those on the Azores-Gibraltar belt cannot be used to constrain the relative motions of Eurasia with respect to North America and Africa respectively. It is shown by quantitative computations that the remaining kinematic data in the North Atlantic can be reconciled, within errors, with a NNE to NEward motion of Africa with respect to Eurasia, in the Central Mediterranean. This kinematic pattern does not involve any significant difficulty in explaining the tectonic pattern in the other sectors of the Mediterranean area and along the boundaries of the Eurasian continent


Assuntos
Geologia , Métodos de Análise , Modelos Teóricos , Métodos , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Software , Software
18.
In. Boschi, E., ed; Mantovani, E., ed; Morelli, A., ed. Recent evolution and seismicity of the Mediterranean region. Dordrecht, Kluwer Academic Press, 1993. p.239-49, ilus, mapas. (NATO ASI Series. Series C : Mathematical and Physical Sciences, 402).
Monografia em Inglês | Desastres | ID: des-12373

RESUMO

The Tertiary and active, large-scale, complex seismotectonic processes of the Greek area can be adequately interpreted by lithospheric rotations and subductions. Anomalies in the space, time and size distributions of earthquakes reflect seismotectonic complexity even in smaller scales. A new interpretation of the tomographic images is suggested to dissolve their strong contradiction with other geophysical observations. Two 2-D interrelated lithospheric models are proposed to integrate many types of observations into a unified picture of the active deformation of the Greek area. There is a general need of such multidisciplinary approaches for understanding better geodynamic phenomena taking place in complex areas such as the Greek one


Assuntos
Geologia , Tomografia , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Grécia , Moldes Genéticos
19.
In. U.S. Central United States Earthquake Consortium (CUSEC). Hazard assessment preparedness, awareness, and public education emergency response and recovery socioeconomic and public policy impacts : Proceedings. Memphis, Tennessee, U.S. Central United States Earthquake Consortium (CUSEC), 1993. p.153-62, mapas, tab.
Monografia em Inglês | Desastres | ID: des-6594

RESUMO

Historically. earthquakes have adversely affected water. sewer and gas utilities. A large earthquake in the New Madrid Seismic Zone (NMSZ) would cause extensive damage to building as well as lifelines (facilities that transport resources, people and information). This paper summarizes a study utilizing Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to quantify the seismic hazard exposure of a natural gas transmission and distribution system located in the Midwest, operated by ARKLA, Inc. GIS are computerized system used to store, analyze and display spatial or mappable information (AU)


Assuntos
Planejamento em Desastres , Sistemas de Informação , Estratégias Regionais , Medição de Risco , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Terremotos , Estados Unidos
20.
In. U.S. Central United States Earthquake Consortium (CUSEC). Hazard assessment preparedness, awareness, and public education emergency response and recovery socioeconomic and public policy impacts : Proceedings. Memphis, Tennessee, U.S. Central United States Earthquake Consortium (CUSEC), 1993. p.581-92, ilus.
Monografia em Inglês | Desastres | ID: des-6638

RESUMO

Regional damage estimation is a necessary step in the seismic policy process, which is aften hampered by a lack of information on the seismic resistiveness of building and other structures. This paper describes an experts system for determinig the construction type of buildings, based on information obtainable from a visual inspection. The expert system of incorporated in a computer program for estimationof seismic damage to buildings. Several approaches are considered in the development of the expert system, including the use of special types of neural nets, and treatment of uncertainty using both Bayesian Probability models and Dempster - shafer Calculus (AU)


Assuntos
Terremotos , Medição de Risco , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Indústria da Construção , Sistemas de Informação , Códigos de Obras
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