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Tehpra : Floods ; 18: 32-8, Feb. 2001. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | Desastres | ID: des-13669
In. Rodríguez Vangort, Frances; Garza Salinas, Mario. Memoria del seminario : La nación ante los desastres, retos y oportunidades hacia el siglo XXI. México, D.F, México. Dirección General de Protección Civil;México. Red Mexicana de Estudios Interdiciplinarios para la Protección de Desastres, oct. 1999. p.455-73, ilus, tab.
Monografia em Espanhol | Desastres | ID: des-12811


Trabajo que trata sobre los futuros desastres en México; el trabajo se compone de tres partes, a saber: 1.Breve exposición de las bases teóricas y metodológicas para la construcción de la prospectiva, 2.Visualización de los desastres para el próximo siglo, 3.Diseño de los posibles escenarios de la Protección Civil y su construcción futura. La primera parte esta basada en los planteamientos formulados por el Dr. Tomas Milkos, para desarrollar una prospectiva sobre los desastres y la Protección Civil en México, conforme las siguiente premisas: 1era.Descripción de los futuros, 2da.Visualización del futuro, 3era.diseño del futuro, y 4ta.Construcción del futuro. En donde dichas premisas corresponderán al desarrollo de la segunda y tercera parte de este trabajo, que consiste en visualizar los desastres para diseñar escenarios y obtener algunas líneas o estrategias a adoptar para la construcción de la Protección Civil

Desastres , Estudos Prospectivos , Prognóstico , Previsões , México , Análise de Vulnerabilidade
San José; NU. Decenio Internacional para la Reducción de los Desastres Naturales (DIRDN); mayo 1999. 17 p.
Não convencional em Espanhol | Desastres | ID: des-11678
In. UNESCO; World Meteorological Organization (WMO). Proceedings of the WMO/UNESCO : Sub - Forum on Science and Technology in support of Natural Disaster Reduction. s.l, World Meteorological Organization (WMO), 1999. p.12-31, mapas.
Monografia em Inglês | Desastres | ID: des-15260


Severe weather associated with thunderstorms (tornadoes, hail, high winds, and flash floods) is reviewed with emphasis on the processes that are responsible. The basis for forecasting severe thunderstorms in reviewed. The parts of the world that are most vulnerable to various kinds of severe weather and the nature of the threats are described. The current state of the climatology of severe thunderstorms and problems and importance of improving climatological information are described. The lack of high-quality climatological information makes it very difficult to determine differences in event occurrence during different periods of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) in most of the world and almost impossible to detect changes associated with global climate change. It is argued, however, that the threats from severe thunderstorms are generally underestimated in many parts of the world. In genera, the effects of severe local storms are concentrated in a small number of events. Death tolls and damage in "average "years are typically smaller than the totals from individual events in other years. As a result, maintaining public awareness and preparedness activities is difficult since the threat of rare, extremely damaging events, is small at any individual location and time. (AU)

Tempestades , Tornados , Inundações , Prognóstico , Previsões , Efeitos do Clima , Meteorologia , Conceitos Meteorológicos
In. UNESCO; World Meteorological Organization (WMO). Proceedings of the WMO/UNESCO : Sub - Forum on Science and Technology in support of Natural Disaster Reduction. s.l, World Meteorological Organization (WMO), 1999. p.111-120, ilus.
Monografia em Inglês | Desastres | ID: des-15268


For alpine countries, avalanches represent one of the major hazards, threatening people on villages as well as on highways and railways. Measures have to be taken to reduce the avalanche risk. Avalanche hazard mapping, as a basis for land use planning, and avalanche warning are the most cost - effective measures to reduce or even avoid avalanche exposure. Long - term technical measures, such as supporting structures, deflecting dams and afforestations, or short - term measures, such as avalanche forecasting, artificial avalanche release of evacuation, might be chosen to reduce the avalanche risk to an acceptable level. It is important to evaluate the different measures within the framework of an overall risk management procedure. (AU)

Avalanches , Neve , Mapa , Ameaças , Prevenção e Mitigação , Previsão de Danos , Medidas de Segurança , Prognóstico
s.l; U.S. Department of Commerce;U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Office of Global Programs; Nov. 1998. 108 p. mapas.
Monografia em Inglês | Desastres | ID: des-10235
Valparaíso; Chile. Servicio Hidrográfico y Oceanográfico de la Armada de Chile (SHOA); 1998. 141 p. ilus, mapas.
Monografia em Espanhol | Desastres | ID: des-11405
Artigo em Inglês | Desastres | ID: des-12355


Intense warming of the ocean waters across the Eastern and Central Tropical Pacific Ocean, due to the phenomenon known as the El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO), has developed since March 1997. The El Niño developed very rapidly during April-May, and reached high intensity by June. This event is comparable in magnitude and extent to the 1982/83 episode, which was one of the strongest El Niño of the century. Prediction products from several prediction centres around the world indicate these conditions will probably persist during the northern hemispheric spring season of 1998. Based on past warm episodes and on current long-range forecasts, the El Niño is expected to weaken during the late spring and early summer of 1998. Features accompanying the current El Niño include: abnormal patterns of rainfall and cloudiness over most of the global tropics, a nearly complete shut-down of the normal easterly winds across the entire tropical Pacific and abnormal air pressure patterns throughout the global tropics. Thus far, the primary El Niño impacts have been in the tropics and subtropics, and across the eastern South Pacific and Central South America. These has also been a dramatic decrease in tropical storm and hurricane activity across the subtropical North Atlantic and an expanded area of favorable conditions for tropical cyclone activity over the eastern North Pacific. It is summary of: (i) our knowledge of the El Niño phenomenon, (ii) its associated impacts on a global scale, and (iii) forecast information for the coming months. This Update is compiled from a variety of scientific sources including several major global climate prediction centres, and is intended to address the questions and concerns of an audience that ranges from the general public to the policy maker. The background information (part 1 of the Update) is covered in somewhat greater detail in this issue. Future updated will focus primarily on climate monitoring and forecast information (part 2 of this Update) which will be updated each month

Mudança Climática , Conceitos Meteorológicos , 32465 , Prognóstico
Managua; Nicaragua. Instituto Nicaraguense de Estudios Territoriales (INETER). Dirección de Geofísica. Departamento de Sismología; mar. 1997. 16 p. ilus, mapas, graf.
Monografia em Espanhol | Desastres | ID: des-13285
San José; Costa Rica. Comisión Nacional de Emergencia (CNE);Costa Rica. Instituto Meteorológico Nacional (IMN); 1997. <90> p. ilus.
Monografia em Espanhol | Desastres | ID: des-9290
In. Fernández, Walter, ed. Tópicos meteorológicos y oceanigráficos. San José, CR, Costa Rica. Ministerio del Ambiente y Energía;Costa Rica. Instituto Meteorológico Nacional, jul. 1996. p.11-17, mapas, tab.
Monografia em Espanhol | Desastres | ID: des-8707


A simple graphic method for wave forecasting during the occurreence of hurricanes in the Caribbean adyacent to Costa Rica is presented. This method utilizes the basic parameters which are reported by the services of meteorological information. Based on the study of parameters which characterize a hurricane: central pressure, speed and direction of movement, and radius of maximum winds, carried aut by Lizano and Fernández (1996), combinations covering all types of hurricanes which may generated in the region were made. Utilizing a numerical wave generation model, the wind and wave hurricane conditions asociated with the different combinations of those parameters were simulated. An example (Hurricane Joan in 1988) is provides, in order to carry out a wave forecast with the typical hurricane parameters (AU)

Tempestades Ciclônicas , Prognóstico , Costa Rica , Métodos , Modelos Estatísticos
Santa Fé; Argentina. Universidad Nacional del Litoral. Facultad de Ingeniería y Ciencias Hídricas;U.S. Lamont - Deherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University. International Research Institute for Climate Prediction. Pilot Project; 1996. 114 p. ilus.
Monografia em Espanhol | Desastres | ID: des-9292
Copenhagen; Denmark. Ministery of Foreign Affairs;Centro de Coordinación para la Prevención de los Desastres Naturales en América Central (CEPREDENAC);Danish Hydraulic Institute (DHI);Swedish Meteorological and Hidrological Institute (SMHI); Feb. 1995. [200] p. tab.
Monografia em Inglês | Desastres | ID: des-8682