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Artigo em Inglês | Desastres | ID: des-8988


After a catastrophic natural disaster, children are at risk for comorbid PTSD and secondary depression. Based on the findings, an interactive model is proposed of postdisaster psychopathology. Early clinical intervention is recommended to prevent chronic posttraumatic stress reactions and secondary depression (AU)

Terremotos , Morbidade , Psiquiatria Infantil , Armênia , Efeitos de Desastres na Saúde , Psicologia da Criança , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Depressão
The Journal of Genetic Psychology ; 154(2): 259-67, 1992. tab
Artigo em Inglês | Desastres | ID: des-7394


The present study examined the relationship between children's coping styles (Spirito, Stark, and Williams, 1988) and self report levels of depressive symptoms (kovacs, 1983) following a major stressor. 257 thrit - to fifth - grade children consented to participate in the study, 5 months following a hurricane. The number of coping strategies employed was positively related to depression scores, whereas coping efficacy was negatively related to depression scores. Social withdrawal, self - blaming, and emotional regulation were associated with more severe depressive symptoms. Lower levels of symptomatology were found among children who sought social support and engaged in cognitive restructuring. The overall symptom level in the sample did not exceed that of normative samples. Results are discussed in terms of competing theories of childhood depression (AU)

Desastres Naturais , Efeitos de Desastres na Saúde , Depressão , Criança , Estresse Psicológico , Medição de Risco
Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry ; (11): 437-64, 1987. ilus, Tab
Artigo em Inglês | Desastres | ID: des-886


Little is known about the psychological mechanisms people employ in adapting to extreme circumstances such as becoming refugees. Case of studies of refugees making up part of a sample of 1348 persons relocated from Southeast Asia to Vancouver, British Columbia, suggest that altering one's perception of time may be an adaptive strategy. During periods of acute stress, refugees seem to focus on the present to the relative exclusion of past and future. The reemergence of past and future into consciousness brings about a risk for developing depressioin. Epidemiological data corroborate inferences from case material, demonstrating that refugees are more present-oriented than the indigenous population. A 'Nostalgic' time orientation, preoccupation with the past, is associated with elevated depression scores. Contrast are drawn between nostalgia, a maladaptive pattern, and memory, which is an inevitable part of the process of personality integration

Refugiados , Saúde Mental , Ásia Sudeste , Psicologia , Percepção do Tempo , Adaptação Psicológica , Ajustamento Social , Depressão
Australian Family Physician ; 12(12): 841-5, Dec. 1983.
Artigo em Inglês | Desastres | ID: des-2400


This article describes the psychological sequelae to disasters with reference to the 1983 Ash Wednesday bushfires in the Dandenong mountains of Victoria. Psychological reactions during and after the disaster were varied. The intervention of a mental health team is described(AU)

Efeitos de Desastres na Saúde , Estresse Psicológico , Ansiedade , Depressão , Saúde Mental
Ukiah; U.S. Center for Education and Manpower Resources; s.f. 108 p.
Monografia em Inglês | Desastres | ID: des-1378