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In. Kreimer,Alcira, ed; Arnold, Margaret, ed. Managing disaster risk in emerging economies. Washignton, <The> World Bank, 2000. p.187-93. (Disaster Risk Management Series, 2).
Monografia em Inglês | Desastres | ID: des-13128
Washington, D.C; OAS. Unit of Sustainable Development and Environment. General Secretariat; May 1996. 56 p. tab.
Monografia em Inglês | Desastres | ID: des-10249
In. Anon. Windstorm : Coming to terms with mankind's worst natural hazard. London, The Royal Academy of Engineering, Dec. 1995. p.54-9, tab.
Monografia em Inglês | Desastres | ID: des-9110
In. World Conference on Natural Disaster Reduction. Technical Committee Session C. The effects of disasters on modern societies. Yokohama, UN. Centre for Regional Development;UN. Departament for Development Support and Management Services, 24 May 1994. p.163-7, ilus, tab.
Monografia em Espanhol, Inglês, Francês | Desastres | ID: des-4960
In. U.S. Central United States Earthquake Consortium (CUSEC). Monograph 5 : Socioeconomic impacts. Memphis, Tennesse, U.S. Central United States Earthquake Consortium (CUSEC), May 1993. p.133-60.
Monografia em Inglês | Desastres | ID: des-14433


This chapter represents our current understanding of earthquake risk reduction and small business, with special reference on the Eastern and Central United States, where there is the potential for infrequent strong and potentially damaging earthquakes. It is based on a literature review and ongoing research. Three topics are emphasized: (1) alternative approaches to earthquake risk reduction, (2) insurance as a loss reduction measure, and (3) unanswered questions requiring further research. Our research is oriented toward developing practical policy advice for businesses and for local, State, and national governments. It is multidisciplinary, embracing finance, decision theory, risk assessment, systems design, and systems management. A typology is developed for basic small business hazard mitigation goals. Financial models are developed so that the aggregate consequences of earthquakes on small businesses can be assessed, with and without benefit of earthquake insurance. Examining the financial consequences of potential earthquakes will enable us to derive conclusions pertaining to improvements in public policies for small business risk reduction. The characteristics affecting the vulnerability small business to earthquakes are identified and examined on the basis of hypotheses about organizational, financial, and market effects. Research on these hypothesized relationships is expected to result in cost-effective loss reduction measures for small business that are not dependent on structural mitigation measures or insurance.(AU)

Desastres Naturais , Medição de Risco , Estados Unidos , Comércio , Seguro
In. U.S. Central United States Earthquake Consortium (CUSEC). Monograph 5 : Socioeconomic impacts. Memphis, Tennesse, U.S. Central United States Earthquake Consortium (CUSEC), May 1993. p.191-210, tab.
Monografia em Inglês | Desastres | ID: des-14435


A case made in this chapterfor requiring homeowners in earthquake prone areas throughout the country to purchase insurance and adopt cost-effective Loss Reduction Measures (LRMs). Substantial empirical data show that many homeowners do not voluntarily purchase insurance because they perceive the probability of the event to be so low that "it cannot happen to me". One reason few individuals take steps to mitigate potential losses is that they have short-time horizons and are not convinced that the expected long-run benefits from the LRMs justify the upfront expenses. The available data indicates that many insurance firms could suffer substantial losses from a major earthquake. Many insurers claims will be from indirect losses such as fire and workers compensation which are covered by non-earthquake policies. A Federal reinsurance program, similar to the one proposed in the Earthquake Hazards Reduction Amendments Act now before Congress, could be an appropriate solution. In return insurers should be able to reduce premiums from what they currently charge and provide rate-based incentives to homeowners to encourage them to adopt cost-effective LRMs.(AU)

Seguro , Seguros contra Desastres , Administração de Desastres , Edifícios , Planejamento em Desastres , Solicitação de Assistência em Caso de Desastre
s.l; s.n; Apr. 1991. 30 p. ilus.
Não convencional em Inglês | Desastres | ID: des-4359


This paper investigates the impact that volunatry or required insurance will have on the incentive to adopt loss mitigation measure. We show that several factors impact on the amount of mitigation that that an individual is likely to employ: The amount of insurance coverage. Insurance reduces the difference between incomes in disaster and non-disaster states of the world. Hence, there is less incentive for individuala to adopt loss reduction measures if they are required to purchase insurance. The estimate of the risk. If individuals underestimate the probability of an earthquake they will very likely underinvest in mitigation. The relationship between premiums and investment in loss mitigation. Insurance may encourage mitigation by conveying information through premium reductions for investment in loss reduction (AU)

Terremotos , Prevenção e Mitigação , Avaliação de Danos , Seguro , Análise Custo-Benefício
Los Angeles, California; University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA); 1991. 23 p. mapas.
Monografia em Inglês | Desastres | ID: des-4234
In. Seminario Desastres Sísmicos en Grandes Ciudades : " Enseñanzas en Mitigación y Operativos de Emergencia ". Memorias. Bogotá, Colombia. Sistema Nacional para la Prevención y Atención de Desastres;Sociedad Colombiana de Ingenieros, 1990. p.60-74.
Monografia em Espanhol | Desastres | ID: des-3180
Public Administration Review ; 45: 347-54, 1985. ilus, Tab
Artigo em Inglês | Desastres | ID: des-3580


This paper is concerned with ways that policy makers can plan with respect to dealing with consequences of natural hazards, focusing on the trade- offs between insurance and disaster relief programs. A framework for incorporating a decision support system as an integral part of the policy-making process is developed and its application to the case of insurance / disaster relief policy options is illustrated. A decision support model for disaster policy analysis is offered and illustrated by the performance of 3 insurance/disaster relief programs on a fictitious community constructed from field data. The concluding portion provides guidelines for improving the usefulness of decision support systems for disaster policy analysis

Prevenção e Mitigação , Recuperação Pós-Desastres , Seguro
In. Oliver, J. Insurance and natural disaster management. s.l, s.n, 1983. p.74.
Monografia em Inglês | Desastres | ID: des-3506


This paper attempt to provide a framework from which further research can be undertaken in the development of a model capatable of explaining the decision- making processes an individual employs in his decision to purchase natural disaster insurance by extracting variables from the literature related to natural disasters. The author summarizes what ithers have found to be relevant to the factors which influence a person's decision to purchase this type of insurance. The literature reviewed has mainly been undertaken by geographers and by sociologists. Who were primarily focussing their inquiries into people living in flood plain and earthquake-prone locations

Desastres Naturais , Seguro , Comportamento , Medidas de Segurança
Artigo em Inglês | Desastres | ID: des-3481


Almost every category of insurance was involved in some way in the aftermath of the eruption of Mount St. Helens in may 1980. This Report discusses the principal types of insurance involved: auto, homeowners, business, life and health, and federal flood insurance

Erupções Vulcânicas , Avaliação de Danos , Seguro , Estados Unidos
Los Angeles, California; s.n; s.f. 7 p. tab.
Não convencional em Inglês | Desastres | ID: des-4230