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1.
In. Veenema, Tener Goodwing, ed. Disaster nursing and emergency preparedness for chemical, biological and radiological terrorism and other hazards. New York, Springer Publishing Company, 2003. p.2-29, ilus.
Monografia em Inglês | Desastres | ID: des-14825

RESUMO

This chapter introduces the reader to the principles of planning, the common tasks conscistent across all disaster responses, and the key components of a disaster preparedness plan. Definitions of the different types of disaster are provided, along with a classification system for disasters based on their common and unique features; onset, duration, and effect (immediate aftermath); and reactive period. The concept of the disaster timeline as an organizational framework for strategic planning is introduced. The five areas of focus in emergency and disaster preparedness, preparedness, mitigacion, response, recovery, and evaluation are addressed. Risk assesment, hazard identification and mapping, and vulnerability analysis are presented as methods for decision-making and planning. The concepts of disasters epidemiology and measurement of the magnitude of a disaster's impact on population health are explored. Situations suggestive of an increased need for planning, such as bioterrorism and hazmat (hazardous material) events, are addressed


Assuntos
Planejamento em Desastres , Etapas do Desastre , Efeitos de Desastres na Saúde , Organização e Administração , Assistência à Saúde
2.
In. Veenema, Tener Goodwing, ed. Disaster nursing and emergency preparedness for chemical, biological and radiological terrorism and other hazards. New York, Springer Publishing Company, 2003. p.30-61.
Monografia em Inglês | Desastres | ID: des-14826
3.
In. Cuba. Centro Latinoamericano de Medicina de Desastres (CLAMED). Centro de Documentación; Red Caribeña para Información sobre Desastres (CARDIN). Gerencia de desastres en Cuba : Una compilación de artículos contribuidas por el Centro de Documentación del Centro Latinoamericano de Medicina de Desastres. Mona, Kingston, Cuba. Centro Latinoamericano de Medicina de Desastres (CLAMED). Centro de Documentación;Red Caribeña para Información sobre Desastres (CARDIN), 2003. p.38-41.
Monografia em Espanhol | Desastres | ID: des-15507
5.
s.l; Honduras. Secretaría de Salud;Honduras. Municipalidad Distrito Central;Honduras. Asociación de Periodistas en Salud y Ambiente de Honduras;Organización Panamericana de la Salud; feb. 2000. 7 p.
Monografia em Espanhol | Desastres | ID: des-12636

RESUMO

Guía de salud que proporciona recomendaciones decisivas sobre como hacer uso óptimo de la información disponible sobre el tema. En la guía se incluye conocimiento sobre la extensión de los incendios en el ámbito global, regional y nacional. Las guías de salud para incendios de vegetación buscan aconsejar a las autoridades en como desarrollar e implementar sistemas de alerta temprana, diseñar las mejores prácticas y diseminar los conocimientos en el ámbito mundial, así como proporcionar apoyo en la construcción de la capacidad y desarrollo e implementación de planes de acción


Assuntos
Fogo , Sistemas de Combate a Incêndio , Assistência à Saúde , Honduras , Efeitos de Desastres na Saúde , Prevenção e Mitigação , Impactos na Saúde , Políticas Públicas de Saúde
6.
Prehosp Disaster Med ; 15(1): 9-19, Jan.-Mar. 2000. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | Desastres | ID: des-14255

RESUMO

Introduction: Many organizations rally to areas to provide assistance to a population during a disaster. Little is known about the ability of the materials and services provided to meet the actual needs and demands of the affected population. This study sought to identify the perceptions of representatives of the international organizations providing this aid, the international workers involved with the delivery of this aid, the workers who were employed locally by the international organizations, the recipients, and the local authorities. This study sought to identify the perceptions of these personnel relative to the adequacies of the supplies in meeting the needs and demands of the population during and following the war in Bosnia - Herzegovina. Methods: Structured interviews were conducted with representatives of international organizations and workers providing aid and with locally employed workers, recipients of the assistance, and the authorities of the areas involved. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to assist in the analysis of the data. Results: Eighty-eigth interviews were conducted. A total of 246 organizations were identified as providing assistance within the area, and 54


were involved with health-related activities including: 1)the provision of medications; 2)public health measures; and 3)medical equipment or parts for the same. Internationals believed that a higher proportion of the needs were being met by the assistance(73.4ñ16.4


) than did the nationals(52.1ñ23.3


;p <0.001). All groups believed that approximately 50


of the demands of the affected population were being addressed. Howewer, 87


of the international interviewes believed that the affected population was requesting more than it actually needed. While 27


of the international participants believed that >25


of what was provided was unusable, 80


of the recipients felt that >25


of the provisions were not usable.Whereas two-thirds of the international participants believed that >25


of the demands for assistance by the affected community could not be justified, only 20


of the recipients and authorities believed >25


of the demands were unjustified. Conclusions: Many organizations are involved in the provision of medical assistance during a disaster. However, international organizations and workers believe their efforts are more effective than do the recipients(AU)


Assuntos
Assistência à Saúde , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde , Seleção de Pessoal , Pessoal de Saúde , Equipamentos e Provisões , 23932 , Resgate, Assistência e Proteção em Desastres
7.
s.l; Organización Panamericana de la Salud; 2000. 14 p.
Monografia em Espanhol | Desastres | ID: des-12559

RESUMO

Proyecto que trabaja en la recuperación de varias comunidades de las provincias afectadas por los procesos eruptivos de los volcanes Pichincha y Tungurahua a partir de agosto de 1999 en Ecuador. Está constituido por varios componentes: manejo de suministros SUMA, agua y saneamiento, vigilancia epidemiológica, salud mental.El proyecto fue financiando por la Agencia Internacional para el Desarrollo del Gobierno de Canadá (CIDA) para solventar los efectos negativos causados por los altos niveles de actividad volcánica en Ecuador. La erupciones produjeron el desplazamiento de personas de sus viviendas, la caída de ceniza contamina el aire, suelo y agua causando efectos negativos sobre la agricultura y ganadería, además de que ha afectado la salud física y mental de los habitantes de las zonas afectadas


Assuntos
Erupções Vulcânicas , Assistência à Saúde , Emergências em Desastres , Equador , Monitoramento Epidemiológico , Abastecimento de Água
10.
s.l; World Health Organization. Department of Reproductive Health and Research; 2000. 176 p. tab.
Monografia em Inglês | Desastres | ID: des-16439
11.
Prehospital and Disaster Medicine ; 14(4): 213-4, Oct.-Dec. 1999.
Artigo em Inglês | Desastres | ID: des-12638

RESUMO

This article was writen by a professional disaster manager. There are many myths regarding natural disasters. The author emphazises on the importance of recognizing them and try to educate population to be prepared to alleviate the "secondary" disasters (often provoked by myths)


Assuntos
Terremotos , Assistência à Saúde , Efeitos de Desastres na Saúde , Cooperação Internacional , Organização Internacional , Assistência Internacional em Desastres , Nicarágua , Turquia , México
12.
In. Organización Panamericana de la Salud. Programa de Preparativos para Situaciones de Emergencia y Coordinación del Socorro en Casos de Desastre. Huracanes Georges y Mitch. Washington, D.C, Organización Panamericana de la Salud. Programa de Preparativos para Situaciones de Emergencia y Coordinación del Socorro en Casos de Desastre, sep. 1999. p.313-46, ilus, tab. (Crónicas de Desastres, 7).
Monografia em Espanhol | Desastres | ID: des-12143
16.
Anon.
s.l; Venezuela. Ministerio de Salud Pública y Desarrollo Social; 1999. 15 p. tab.
Não convencional em Espanhol | Desastres | ID: des-12405
17.
Londres; Overseas Development Institute (ODI); Feb. 1998. 40 p. (Network Paper : Relief and Rehabilitation Network, 24).
Monografia em Inglês | Desastres | ID: des-13590

RESUMO

The provision of reproductive health(RH) services by humanitarian agencies to displaced populations is relatively new. Until recently, the needs of displaced people in emergency settings were often ignored. During the eighties, attempts were made to address the problem, and in the last few years increasing attention has been paid to these needs in emergency contexts. In particular, recognition of the major threat posed by STDs and AIDS and growing media attention to sexual violence among displaced populations has highlighted the importance of the RH agenda in emergency settings. A longside changes in RH provision in stable settings, the move to implement RH services for displaced populations was accelerated after the International Conference on Population and Development in 1994. The Conference ser reproductive health within a rights framework and highlighted the needs of displaced populations. However, despite the increased recognition of RH concerns in emergencies, in reality the agenda has proved difficult to implement. Some aspects raise ethical and moral concerns to which humanitarian agencies have different attitudes. Bilateral agencies, non-guvernmental organisations and donors are grappling with difficult decisions as to what services they should provide and how to ensure servces are safe and effective. This is also happening in stable settings. In the absence of good data on both needs and impact of RH service provision in emergencies, much of the emphasis on safe provision falls to the judgement of field based practitioners, with important implications for training and appropriate resourcing at that level. In this paper available information about reproductive health among displaced populations is presented. Policies of a number of actors are also described and examples of current RH programmes and the issued facing those attempting to implement them are explored. (AU)


Assuntos
23543 , Assistência à Saúde , Serviços de Saúde , Refugiados
18.
Prehosp Disaster Med ; 12(2): 31-7, Apr.-Jun. 1997. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | Desastres | ID: des-11011

RESUMO

Each Emergency Medical Services (EMS) system is unique in its development and scope od practice. In many instances. It is important to the intellectual growth of the Emergency Medical Technicians that they visualize EMS design from an international perspective. This article describe the EMS system that exists ion Hong Kong. It explores the changes that are occurring, defines the relationship between. Hong Kong and China and considers the influence that this evolving model might have on China after 1997 (AU)


Assuntos
Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Assistência à Saúde , Pesquisa sobre Serviços de Saúde , Sistemas de Saúde , Planejamento em Desastres , Hong Kong , China , Ambulâncias , Pessoal de Saúde , Educação em Saúde
20.
Soc. Sci. Med. ; 36(7): 903-14, 1993. ilus, Tab
Artigo em Inglês | Desastres | ID: des-6552

RESUMO

This paper evaluates the health related response to large natural disasters using the example of the recent Bangladesh cyclone of 1991. After providing a description of the extent of the health response, it focuses on three major issues: (i)assessment of needs (ii) coordination of major groups involved in health relief and rehabilitation efforts and (iii) appropriateness and effectiveness of the health response in terms of definable outcome criteria. the conclusions are that in the case of the Bangladesh cyclone: (a) the assessment of needs was more reactive rather than anticipatory and was not based on any systematic data gathering from the field; (b) in contrast to previous disaster situations there was excellent coordination of the major groups involved in the aid process (the government, the armed forces and non-governmental organizations) and (C) given the caveat of inadequate baseline information, it appears that the health response was prompt and effective in preventing any increase in mortality from diarrheal diseases and measles. The reasons for the deficiencies and successes of the health response are analysed and finally a list of detailed recommendations to facilitate future disaster/cyclone management and response is provided.(AU)


Assuntos
Tempestades Ciclônicas , Cuidados Médicos , Emergências em Desastres , Bangladesh , Assistência à Saúde , Efeitos de Desastres na Saúde
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