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1.
Buenos Aires; Argentina. Ministerio de la Nación. Dirección Nacional de Emergencias Sanitarias; 2011. 47 p. ilus.(Guía para equipos de salud, 7).
Monografia em Espanhol | Desastres | ID: des-19015
2.
s.l; España. Ministerio de Sanidad y Política Social;España. Ministerio de Educación; Versión 2; set. 2009. 10 p. ilus.
Monografia em Espanhol | Desastres | ID: des-17712
16.
s.l; Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS). Alerta y Respuesta Ante Epidemias Pandemias (GAR);Organización Panamericana de la Salud (OPS); 2007. 2 p. (Ayuda Memoria).
Monografia em Espanhol | Desastres | ID: des-17704
17.
s.l; Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS). Alerta y Respuesta Ante Epidemias Pandemias (GAR);Organización Panamericana de la Salud (OPS); 2008. 2 p. (Ayuda Memoria).
Monografia em Espanhol | Desastres | ID: des-17700
18.
s.l; Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS). Alerta y Respuesta Ante Epidemias Pandemias (GAR);Organización Panamericana de la Salud (OPS); 2008. 2 p. (Ayuda Memoria).
Monografia em Espanhol | Desastres | ID: des-17703
19.
s.l; Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS). Alerta y Respuesta Ante Epidemias Pandemias (GAR);Organización Panamericana de la Salud (OPS); 2008. 2 p. (Ayuda Memoria).
Monografia em Espanhol | Desastres | ID: des-17696
20.
Respiratory Care ; 53(1): 40-57, Jan. 2008. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | Desastres | ID: des-17388

RESUMO

Febrile respiratory illnesses with respiratory failure are one of the most common reasons for admission to the intensive care unit. Most causes of febrile respiratory illness are bacterial and viral agents of community-acquired pneumonia. However, a small number of rare and higly contagious agents can initially present as febrile respiratory illnesses, which can lead to an epidemic that can greatly impact the health care system. This impact includes sustained mass critical care, with potential scarcity of critical resources (eg, positive-pressure ventialtors), spread of disease to health care workers, sustained spread within the community, and extensive morbidity and mortality. The main agents of febrile respiratory illness that would lead to an epidemic include influenza, the coronavirus that causes severe acute respiratory syndrome, smallpox, viral hemorragic fever, plague, tularemia, and anthrax. Recognition of these agents ocuurs largely based on epidemiological clues, and management consistis of antibiotics, antivirals, supportive care, and positive-pressure ventilation. Acute respiratory failure and acute respiratory distress syndrome occur with these agents, so a lung-protective (low tidal volume) ventilation strategy is indicated. Additional respiratory care measures, such as nebullized medications, bronchoscopy, humidified oxygen, and airway suctioning, potentiate aerosolization of the virus or bacteria and increase the risk of transmission to health care workers and patients. Thus, appropiate personal protective equipment, including an N95 mask or powered air-purifying respirator, is indicated. A basic understanding of the epidemiology, clinical findings, diagnosis, and treatment of these agents will provide a foundation for early isolation, evaluation, infection control, and public health involvement and response in cases of a febrile respiratory illness that causes respiratory failure. (AU)


Assuntos
Assistência a Feridos em Massa , Doenças Respiratórias , Insuficiência Respiratória , Controle de Infecções , Bioterrorismo
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