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Allergol. immunopatol ; 48(6): 597-602, nov.-dic. 2020. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-199248

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Moths are a significant source of indoor and outdoor aeroallergens. High prevalence of IgE-mediated sensitization was demonstrated in a group of patients with allergic respiratory diseases. There are no studies on adult stage of these moth species allergens involved in allergic respiratory reactions - the aim of this study. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 36 participants were included in an experimental study, submitted to skin prick test with Bombyx mori wing extract and six other common allergens, as well as Western blot analysis with incubated nitrocellulose membrane impregnated with silkworm moth extract and human IgE-antibody. The participants were divided into 3 groups: 1) 21 allergic patients whose skin prick test was positive to Bombyx mori wing extract, 2) eight allergic patients whose skin prick test was positive to mite and negative to Bombyx mori extract 3) seven negative non-allergic subjects. RESULTS: Among the 21 participants from group 1, 19 serum samples reacted to Bombyx mori extract by Western blot. All of them reacted to a protein at 80 kDa and five other proteins (66, 50, 45, 37 and 30 kDa) were identified in more than 50% of the individuals tested, considered as major allergenic proteins. Sera from seven out of eight patients sensitized to house dust mite demonstrated IgE-reactivity to Bombyx mori extract by Western blot analysis. Serum samples from healthy participants did not react at all. CONCLUSION: Six major reactive proteins by immunoblot analysis from moth’s wings sensitized patients can be potential allergens. The one at 80 kDa is the major protein, seen in all IgE-reactive patients from group 1 and in none from group 2, yet to be identified. Future studies should be conducted to better characterize these proteins


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Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hipersensibilidade Respiratória/imunologia , Bombyx/química , Proteínas/análise , Alérgenos/análise , Bombyx/patogenicidade , Western Blotting , Imunoglobulina E/imunologia , Eletroforese em Gel de Poliacrilamida , Valores de Referência
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