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2.
J. physiol. biochem ; 68(2): 229-235, jun. 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-122342

RESUMO

The effect of a single bout of exercise on autopahgy in murine gastrocnemius muscle was investigated. Autophagy is a process for the degradation system of cytoplasmic components, which may help maintain intracellular quality control of cell survival and turnover under normal conditions. The present study investigated the changes of autophagy-related proteins including microtubule-associated protein 1b light chain 3 (LC3), Beclin-1, Atg7 (autophagy-related gene 7), conjugation form of Atg12 to Atg5, lysosome-associated membrane protein (LAMP2a), and muscle-specific RING finger protein-1 (MURF-1) protein level in gastrocnemius muscle after a single bout of treadmill exercise. Mice exercised on a treadmill for 50 min at a speed of 12.3 m/min with a slope of 5°. The animals were sacrificed by cervical dislocation 0, 3, 6, or 12 h after exercise, and muscle samples were collected immediately. Western blot analysis demonstrated that the autophagy marker LC3-II was significantly decreased during the recovery period (3, 6, and 12 h) whereas there was no decrease immediately after exercise (0 h). To identify factors related to this decrease, autophagosome component proteins were examined in murine gastrocnemius muscle. A decrease in Beclin-1, Atg7, and LAMP2a during recovery period was concomitant with the decreased level of LC3-II. Additionally, MuRF-1 expression was significantly increased after a single bout of exercise. This study is the first to demonstrate autophasic related protein expression after a single bout of treadmill exercise and our results suggest that a single bout of treadmill exercise attenuates the autophagic response in murine skeletal muscle (AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Ratos , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Autofagia/fisiologia , Teste de Esforço , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/fisiologia
3.
Clin. transl. oncol. (Print) ; 11(1): 54-59, ene. 2009.
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-123576

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: To evaluate the sequential administration of doxorubicin (A) and cyclophosphamide (C) followed by weekly docetaxel in women with stage II to IIIA breast cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients received 60 mg/m(2) of A and 600 mg/m(2) of C every three weeks for four cycles followed by 12 infusions of weekly docetaxel at a dose of 36 mg/m(2) and with a 2-week resting period. RESULTS: Sixty-three women were included. On an intention-to- treat basis, clinical response rate was 90% (95% CI: 83-98), with 46% complete responses. Breast-conserving surgery could be performed in 43 patients (68%). Complete pathological responses in the breast were confirmed in 17% of patients. No correlations between levels of expression of topoisomerase II alpha, survivin or p27 and the pathological response were detected. The study treatment was generally well tolerated. CONCLUSION: Neoadjuvant AC followed by weekly docetaxel is a feasible regimen for patients with early-stage breast cancer (AU)


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Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Ensaios Clínicos Fase II como Assunto , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia Neoadjuvante/métodos , DNA Topoisomerases Tipo II/biossíntese , Antígenos de Neoplasias/biossíntese , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Ciclofosfamida/efeitos adversos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/biossíntese
4.
Clin. transl. oncol. (Print) ; 9(11): 731-736, nov. 2007. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-123383

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The aim of the present study was to assess if the presence of survivin mRNA in exfoliated cells present in urine samples can be a reliable marker of the presence of bladder tumour and recurrence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Urine samples from 30 patients with superficial urothelial cell carcinomas (UCC) were collected prior to transurethral resection (TUR) of the tumour and in the first routine follow-up, three months after TUR. Detection of survivin mRNA was performed by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). RESULTS: No correlation was observed between survivin detection and the clinicopathological variables analysed, nevertheless, when patients were grouped into low-grade (G1) and high-grade (G2+G3) tumours, statistically significant differences were found between both groups (p=0.04). When we analysed the results of survivin detection and urinary cytology together, we observed that informative cases rose from 27.8% to 44.4%. Also, Kaplan-Meier curves for patients with negative cytology in the first followup, categorised according to survivin detection, revealed that survivin mRNA positive cases recurred earlier than negative ones. CONCLUSIONS: From our results we can conclude that detection of survivin expression can be a reliable tumour marker, but more studies are needed to clarify the potential of survivin to predict recurrences. These results showed that survivin detection in combination with conventional urinary cytology can be a useful tool to increase the sensitivity in detecting the presence of a recurrence after TUR (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/urina , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/genética , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/urina , RNA Ribossômico/urina , Biomarcadores/urina , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/urina , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/genética , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/cirurgia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Proteínas Inibidoras de Apoptose , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/urina , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/genética , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/cirurgia , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
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