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2.
Enferm. clín. (Ed. impr.) ; 30(supl.1): 27-31, feb. 2020. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-189610

RESUMO

The aim of this study is to identify processes, examine insights, and develop a theory on the concept of mentorship among deans of Nursing colleges in Region IV-A. Data collection was through semi-structured interviews using aide-memoire. Audio recording and note-taking were done for the data accuracy. Validation was utilized by performing re-interview and through observation to the same KI. Data analysis done was cool and warm, along with the execution of expert analysis, guided by the procedures and phases of Strauss and Corbin.1 The mentor-mentee relationship resulted in 4 phases: Searching, Engaging, Trialing, and Shaping (S.E.T.S.), which details how mentorship exists and engenders the ideal working environment. These phases characterize the most definite relationship between the mentors and mentees, specifically the deans and their faculty members. This study further ignites desirable effects and outcomes holistically and to enhance more mentorship style and how a mentee will transcend positively


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Mentores , Teoria Fundamentada , Escolas de Enfermagem , Relações Interpessoais , 25783
3.
Enferm. clín. (Ed. impr.) ; 30(supl.1): 37-41, feb. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-189612

RESUMO

Maladaptive adjustments during adolescence could predispose to prodrome episodes such as anxiety, less confidence, worry, as well as inappropriate behaviors. This study is quantitative research with a cross-sectional design to identify factors associated with an episode of prodrome among junior high school students. The respondents were from Denpasar aged ≤15 years old and were collected through a random sampling technique, continued with sampling purposive technique to obtain 203 students. This study used questionnaires consisting of demography data, PQ 16, CASSS, and some of the coping mechanisms which in the last were analyzed statistically using chi-squared test and logistic regression analysis. Compared with other variables, this study assumed that low social support from teachers and teenagers' maladaptive coping mechanism could become factors predisposing episode of prodrome in teenagers. Social support from teachers was the most influenced predisposing factor of prodrome episode with a value of 3.6% as well as coping mechanisms with a value of 0.9%. Therefore, teachers should give attention and support to teenagers to be able to develop adaptive coping mechanisms so that they could adapt to the stressors and are capable of responding appropriately when changes in the transitional stage from childhood to adulthood occur. Moreover, it is anticipated for teachers to help adolescents exploring their potential at schools. As a result, teenagers would spend their time mostly at school because it will help them to develop adaptive coping mechanisms


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Sintomas Prodrômicos , Apoio Social , Adaptação Psicológica , Estudantes/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Relações Interpessoais , Indonésia
4.
Enferm. clín. (Ed. impr.) ; 30(supl.1): 101-106, feb. 2020. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-189622

RESUMO

With the fast-growing and constant evolution of modern technology, the use of digital interactive media such as digital storytelling is considered as a useful tool and technique in disseminating health-related information to clients. This study aims to explore the lived experiences of school-aged students during digital storytelling about a boy and his undesirable food choices. A descriptive phenomenological method was used for participants. There were 15 grade one students, ages six (6) to seven (7) years old chosen through purposive sampling. Doodling and participants' interpretations were the instrument of choice of the researchers, considering the age and level of cognitive development of the participants. In this study, four major themes were identified and discussed that depicted the participants' lived experience. They were identified as (1) positive perception in which the participants were able to identify healthy foods in the story; (2) empathy where they were able to project themselves as the main character in the story; (3) identification of negative elements which was symbolized by the chip monster that they needed to avoid or remove; and (4) interpersonal association where they related their digital storytelling experience to their family. The participants had varying degrees of connection and understanding with the digital story and undoubtedly expressed a learning experience through the digital story presented


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Estudantes/psicologia , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Relações Interpessoais , Aprendizagem por Associação , Narração
5.
Rev. int. med. cienc. act. fis. deporte ; 19(76): 599-615, dic. 2019. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-187234

RESUMO

Las actitudes disruptivas suponen un gran problema para el profesorado en el transcurso de sus clases. Por ello, la finalidad del estudio es conocer y analizar las posibilidades que ofrece la metodología cooperativa como modelo pedagógico en la mejora de dichas actitudes. Se ha utilizado el cuestionario en su versión española validada de la versión corta original del Physical Education Classroom Instrument para la evaluación de conductas disruptivas en alumnado de secundaria. Se ha tomado una muestra de 114 sujetos de primer y segundo ciclo de ESO. Se realizaron dos sesiones de retos cooperativos en EF con un grupo (COOP); y con el otro grupo (CONTROL) se siguió la clase con normalidad. Tras la intervención, a diferencia del grupo control, se observan mejoras estadísticamente significativas en diversas variables tales como agresividad, desobediencia, irresponsabilidad y perturbación del ambiente de clase, favoreciendo así las relaciones interpersonales del grupo, tan sólo del grupo COOP


Disruptive attitudes are frequently an important issue to be manage for teachers during their classes. In the study, we will try to analyse the possibilities offered by cooperative learning as a pedagogical model for the decrease in these disruptive attitudes. We used the validated Spanish version of the questionnaire of the original short version of the Physical Education Classroom Instrument for the evaluation of disruptive behaviour in high school students. It was taken a sample of 114 subjects studying 1st, 2nd, 3rd or 4th grade. The study consisted on performing two sessions of cooperative challenges in a PE class with an experimental group (COOP); and with the other group (CONTROL) the classes were performed as usually. After the performance of these sessions, we found statistically significant improvement of the COOP group regarding several variables such as aggression, disobedience, irresponsibility and disruption of the classroom environment, encouraging the interpersonal relations of the COOP group, unlike the CONTROL group in which no improvement were found


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Transtornos de Deficit da Atenção e do Comportamento Disruptivo/psicologia , Educação Física e Treinamento , Comportamento Cooperativo , Inquéritos e Questionários , Relações Interpessoais , Método Duplo-Cego , Amostragem por Conglomerados , Ensino Fundamental e Médio
6.
Gerokomos (Madr., Ed. impr.) ; 30(4): 181-189, dic. 2019. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-188206

RESUMO

Objetivo: Analizar la evidencia científica disponible sobre el rol de la enfermera en las políticas de envejecimiento activo y saludable. Metodología: Revisión narrativa mediante la búsqueda bibliográfica en bases de datos de Ciencias de la Salud: PubMed, LILACS, CUIDEN, CINAHL y Biblioteca Cochrane, y en buscadores generales: SciELO España y Dialnet Plus. Resultados: Se identificó un total de 772 artículos de los que fueron seleccionados 44 por cumplir los criterios de inclusión y exclusión. El análisis de la información generó dos categorías: áreas de responsabilidad enfermera en los programas de envejecimiento activo e intervención de la enfermera como coordinadora de recursos sociosanitarios. Conclusiones: Fomentar el envejecimiento activo y saludable exige adoptar una perspectiva del ciclo vital completo por parte de los profesionales del sistema sanitario, proponer intervenciones para la promoción de la salud y la prevención de la enfermedad, y favorecer el acceso equitativo de las personas mayores tanto a la atención primaria como a los cuidados de larga duración, donde el rol de la enfermera resulta determinante


Objective: Analyze the available scientific evidence on the role of the nurse in the active and healthy aging policies. Methodology: Narrative review through bibliographic search in Health Sciences databases: PubMed, LILACS, CUIDEN, CINAHL and Cochrane Library, and in general search engines: ScieLo Spain and Dialnet Plus. Results: A total of 772 articles was identified. Finally, 44, that met the inclusion and exclusion criteria, were selected. The analysis of the information generated two categories: areas of responsibility of the nurse in the programs of active aging and intervention of the nurse as coordinator of social and health resources. Conclusions: Promoting active and healthy aging requires adopting a perspective of the complete life cycle on the part of professionals of the health system, proposing interventions for the promotion of health and prevention of disease, and promoting equitable access to both primary care and long-term care, where the role of the nurse is decisive


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem , Envelhecimento , Política de Saúde , 24439 , Saúde do Idoso , Educação em Saúde , Recursos em Saúde , Promoção da Saúde , Atividade Motora , Saúde Mental , Relações Interpessoais , Atividades de Lazer , Vacinação
8.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 15(5): 296-300, sept.-oct. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-189407

RESUMO

OBJETIVOS: Evaluar la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud (CVRS) y los factores clínicos, demográficos y socioeconómicos asociados en una cohorte de pacientes ecuatorianos con artritis reumatoide (AR). PACIENTES Y MÉTODOS: Estudio descriptivo transversal que evaluó la CVRS con la versión en español del instrumento Quality of Life-Rheumatoid Arthritis (QoL-RA) en pacientes con diagnóstico de AR según los criterios del Colegio Estadounidense de Reumatología y de la Liga Europea Contra el Reumatismo. Adicionalmente, se obtuvieron los siguientes datos: edad, estado civil, sexo, estrato socioeconómico, comorbilidades, duración de la enfermedad, medicación, positividad de factor reumatoide, de ACPA, actividad de la enfermedad mediante el índice de actividad de la enfermedad simplificado y funcionalidad física medida con MHAQ. RESULTADOS: Se evaluaron un total de 163 pacientes con AR, la puntuación media de la escala QoL-RA fue de 6,84+/-1,5 puntos. Las medias más altas se obtuvieron en los dominios de interacción (8,04+/-1,9) y apoyo (8,01+/-2). Los factores que estuvieron asociados con la valoración global de la calidad de vida fueron: funcionalidad medida con MHAQ (r=-0,70; p < 0,001); duración de la enfermedad en años (r=-0,178; p < 0,05) y actividad de la enfermedad (diferencia de medias de 1,5; IC 95%: 1,09-1,91). CONCLUSIÓN: Los pacientes evaluados tuvieron una CVRS de buena a moderada. Los dominios relacionados con soporte y vida social fueron los mejor puntuados y los más bajos los relacionados con dolor y tensión nerviosa. La funcionalidad, la duración y la actividad de la enfermedad estuvieron estadísticamente asociadas a la CVRS


OBJECTIVES: To evaluate health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and associated clinical, demographic and socioeconomic factors in a cohort of Ecuadorian patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study evaluating (HRQoL) with the Spanish version of the Quality of Life Rheumatoid Arthritis (QoL-RA) instrument in patients diagnosed with RA according to the criteria of the American College of Rheumatology and the European League Against Rheumatism. In addition, the following data were obtained: age, sex, marital status, socioeconomic stratum, comorbidities, disease duration, medication, rheumatoid factor positivity, disease activity using the simplified disease activity index and physical functionality measured with the modified Health Assessment Questionnaire (MHAQ). RESULTS: A total of 163 patients were assessed, the mean score of the QoL-RA scale was 6.84+/-1.5 points. The highest measurements were obtained in the domains of interaction (8.04+/-1.9) and support (8.01+/-2). The factors that were associated with the overall quality of life assessment were: functionality measured with MHAQ (r=-0.70; P<.001); disease duration in years (r=-0.178; P<.05); and disease activity (mean difference of 1.5; 95%CI: 1.09 to 1.91). CONCLUSION: The patients evaluated had a good to moderate HRQoL. The domains related to support and social life were those with the highest scores and the lowest scores were related to pain and nervous tension. Functionality, duration, and disease activity were statistically associated with HRQoL


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Artrite Reumatoide , Relações Interpessoais , Qualidade de Vida , Apoio Social , Fatores Etários , Análise de Variância , Artrite Reumatoide/fisiopatologia , Artrite Reumatoide/psicologia , Comorbidade , Estudos Transversais , Equador , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Estado Civil , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Sexuais
9.
An. psicol ; 35(3): 424-433, oct. 2019. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-190030

RESUMO

This paper has three objectives, after proposing an initial model of classroom coliving climate: to develop two measures to test its validity, to test their usefulness for analyzing differences between classrooms, and to do it in two different countries. The initial model includes seven interaction patterns that, if present, favor the students' social inclusion. The first questionnaire assesses the classroom coliving climate perceived by the student, and the second, the degree in which the student interacts according to the model. Participants were 2581 Secondary-School students, 2038 from Costa Rica and 543 from Spain. To test model-fit, confirmatory factor analyses, cross validation and multi-group analyses were carried out. Correlation and regression analyses were also carried out to determine discriminant and concurrent validity using as criteria a measure of social integration. ANOVA analyses were used to test for differences between classrooms (η2 between .19 and .28). Results, similar in both countries, showed that both questionnaires had adequate structural validity (CFI between .94 and .97), and discriminant and concurrent validity (r predictors-criterion between .37 and .44; p < .0001). Due to the nature of their content, the questionnaires can be used for planning interventions aimed at improving coliving, and for assessing their effectiveness


Este artículo tiene tres objetivos, después de proponer un modelo inicial de clima de convivencia en el aula: desarrollar dos medidas para probar su validez, probar su utilidad para analizar las diferencias entre las aulas y hacerlo en dos países diferentes. El modelo inicial incluye siete patrones de interacción que, si están presentes, favorecen la inclusión social de los estudiantes. El primer cuestionario evalúa el clima de clase percibido por el alumno y el segundo, el grado en que el alumno interactúa de acuerdo con el modelo. Los participantes fueron 2581 estudiantes de secundaria, 2038 de Costa Rica y 543 de España. Para probar el ajuste del modelo, se realizaron análisis factoriales confirmatorios, de validación cruzada y multigrupo. También se realizaron análisis de correlación y regresión para determinar la validez discriminante y concurrente utilizando como criterio una medida de integración social. Se utilizaron los análisis ANOVA para probar las diferencias entre las aulas (η2 entre .19 y .28). Los resultados, similares en ambos países, mostraron que ambos cuestionarios tenían una validez estructural adecuada (CFI entre .94 y .97), y una validez concurrente y discriminante (predictor-criterio entre .37 y .44; p < .0001). Debido a la naturaleza de su contenido, los cuestionarios se pueden utilizar para planificar intervenciones dirigidas a mejorar la organización y evaluar su eficacia


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Comparação Transcultural , Estudantes/psicologia , Relações Interpessoais , Psicologia Social , Socialização , Análise Fatorial , Análise de Variância , Inquéritos e Questionários , Inclusão Escolar
10.
Int. j. clin. health psychol. (Internet) ; 19(3): 198-208, sept. 2019. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-184966

RESUMO

Background/Objective: The transition to parenthood encompasses several psychological and relational changes that might contribute to couples’ high levels of stress postpartum. Although common across the postpartum, couples’ sexual changes are frequently overlooked. Method: We surveyed 255 mixed-sex new parent couples to examine the associations between sexual well-being-sexual satisfaction, desire, and postpartum sexual concerns-and perceived stress postpartum. Couples completed self-report questionnaires assessing perceived stress and sexual well-being. Results: For both mothers and fathers, greater sexual satisfaction was associated with their partners’ lower perceived stress and, for fathers, this was also associated with their own lower perceived stress. For mothers, greater partner-focused sexual desire was associated with their own lower perceived stress whereas, for fathers, greater partner-focused sexual desire was associated with their partners' higher perceived stress. In addition, greater solitary sexual desire and postpartum sexual concerns were associated with both parents' own higher perceived stress. Conclusions: This study highlights the association between sexual well-being and couples’ postpartum stress, suggesting that more positive sexual experiences are linked to lower perceptions of stress across this vulnerable period. Couples' sexual well-being may be an important target for interventions aimed at helping postpartum couples cope with stress


Antecedentes/Objetivo: La transición a la paternidad implica cambios psicológicos y relacionales que pueden contribuir a niveles de estrés postparto de las parejas. Aunque son comunes en el periodo de posparto, los cambios a nivel sexual de las parejas no se tienen en cuenta habitualmente. Método: Se examinó la asociación entre bienestar sexual-satisfacción sexual, deseo y preocupaciones sexuales postparto-y estrés percibido postparto en una muestra de 255 parejas de padres recientes. Resultados: En padres y madres, mayor satisfacción sexual se asoció con un menor estrés percibido de sus parejas y, para los padres, también se asoció con su propio menor estrés percibido. Para las madres, un mayor deseo sexual centrado en la pareja se asoció con su menor estrés percibido; para los padres, un mayor deseo sexual centrado en la pareja se asoció con un mayor estrés percibido de las madres. Mayor deseo sexual solitario y más preocupaciones sexuales posparto se asociaron con mayor estrés percibido de ambos padres. Conclusiones: Experiencias sexuales más positivas se asociaron con menor experiencia de estrés en el posparto, por lo que el bienestar sexual puede ser un componente importante para las intervenciones destinadas a ayudar a las parejas a enfrentar el estrés posparto


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Seguridade Social , Comportamento Sexual/psicologia , Saúde Sexual , Assexualidade , Período Pós-Parto/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico , Parceiros Sexuais , Relações Interpessoais , Fatores Socioeconômicos
11.
Gerokomos (Madr., Ed. impr.) ; 30(3): 124-129, sept. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-185318

RESUMO

Objetivo: Analizar la relación entre el bienestar espiritual, la satisfacción con la calidad de vida, el estado funcional y el sentido del sufrimiento de una población de religiosos ancianos residentes. Método: Estudio descriptivo, correlacional y transversal. La muestra fue de N = 435 residentes (media de 83,17 años, DT = 7,04). Se utilizaron las escalas FACIT Sp Ex, Humanizar sobre el sentido del sufrimiento, Filadelfia de Lawton e índice de Barthel. Se calcularon la t de Student y correlaciones de Pearson. Resultados: Existe un alto porcentaje (42,3%, N = 88) de residentes insatisfechos con su calidad de vida en la vejez. La media del sentido del sufrimiento como cambio (M = 3,62) fue significativamente (p < 0,05) mayor que como carga (M = 2,36), que mostró correlación significativa (p < 0,01) moderada y positiva con todas las dimensiones del bienestar espiritual (r = 0,276), bienestar general (r = 0,315) y propósito/paz (r = 0,343). El grupo de independencia (según el índice de Barthel) obtuvo una media significativamente mayor (p < 0,05) en las dimensiones paz y propósito (M = 26,28), bienestar general (M = 40,36), bienestar espiritual (M = 78,29) y actitudes hacia la vejez (M = 2,72) que el grupo de dependencia (M = 24,45, M = 38,07, M = 74,63 y M = 2,25, respectivamente). Conclusión: La atención a mayores debe incluir el plano espiritual. El sentido de sufrimiento como carga explicita la transformación interior que la población de religiosos puede dar al sufrimiento. Se destaca la importancia de fomentar la satisfacción con las relaciones sociales y actitudes positivas hacia la vejez, ya que genera bienestar, reduce los niveles de ansiedad y evita la insatisfacción derivada de miedos ante el hecho de hacerse mayor


Objective: To analyze the relationship between spiritual wellbeing, quality of life satisfaction, functional status, and sense of the suffering in a population of religious elderly residents. Methods: Descriptive, transversal and correlational study. The sample included N=435 residents (average age=83.17, SD=7.04). FACIT Sp Ex scale, Sense of Suffering Humannizing scale, Lawton's Philadelphia scale and Barthel's Index were used. Student's T and Pearson's correlations were obtained. Results: There is a high percentage (42.3 %, N=88) of unsatisfied residents with quality of life in the oldness. The average of sense of suffering as change (M=3.62) was significantly (p<.05) greater than as a charge (M=2.36), which showed moderate and positive significant correlation (p<.01) with all dimensions of spiritual well-being (r=.276), overall well-being (r=.315) and purpose/ peace (r=.343). Independence group (according to Barthel index) earned a significantly higher average (p <.05) in dimensions peace and purpose (M=26.28), overall well-being (M=40.36), spiritual well-being (M=78.29) and attitudes towards old age (M=2.72) than dependence group (M=24.45, M=38.07, M=74.63 and M=2.25 respectively). Conclusions: Elderly care must include the spiritual dimension. The sense of suffering as a charge explicits inner transformation that religious population can give to the suffering. It is highlighted the importance of promoting social relationship satisfaction and positive attitudes towards old age in order to generate well-being, reduce levels of anxiety and prevent dissatisfaction due to fear to getting older


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Espiritualidade , Qualidade de Vida , Religião , Estresse Psicológico , Saúde do Idoso Institucionalizado , Estudos Transversais , Relações Interpessoais , Disfunção Cognitiva , Inquéritos e Questionários , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/estatística & dados numéricos , Afeto , Análise de Dados , Envelhecimento
12.
Psicothema (Oviedo) ; 31(3): 223-228, ago. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-185347

RESUMO

Background: The field of intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) is currently experiencing a significant transformation that encompasses an integrated approach, especially regarding shared aspects such as a focus on the human and legal rights, the eligibility for services and supports, and an emphasis on individualized supports provided within inclusive community-based environments. Accompanying this transformation is the increased need of precision in both the operational definitions of IDD-related constructs, and the terminology used to describe the respective construct. Method: the specialized literature was revised, and previous works on the subject by the authors were updated. Results: This article provides psychologists with the current definition of intellectual disability, operational definitions of intellectual disability and developmental disabilities constructs and associated terminology, and the parameters of an integrated approach to disability. Conclusions: Implications for psychologists who are involved in diagnosis, classification, and planning supports for persons with intellectual or developmental disability are discussed


Antecedentes: el campo de la discapacidad intelectual y del desarrollo (DID) experimenta en la actualidad una significativa transformación que implica un enfoque integrado, especialmente en lo que se refiere a aspectos compartidos como el enfoque en los derechos humanos y legales, la elegibilidad para recibir servicios y apoyos, y el énfasis en los apoyos individualizados proporcionados en entornos comunitarios inclusivos. Esta transformación se acompaña de una creciente necesidad de precisión en cuanto las definiciones operativas de los constructos relacionados con la DID y la terminología utilizada para describir cada uno de ellos. Método: se ha revisado la literatura especializada y se han actualizado los trabajos previos de los autores sobre el tema. Resultados: este artículo proporciona a los psicólogos la definición actual de la discapacidad intelectual, las definiciones operativas de los constructos de discapacidad intelectual y discapacidades del desarrollo, así como de la terminología asociada, y los parámetros de un enfoque integrado de la discapacidad. Conclusiones: se discuten las implicaciones para los psicólogos involucrados en el diagnóstico, la clasificación y la planificación de apoyos a personas con discapacidad intelectual o del desarrollo


Assuntos
Humanos , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento , Deficiência Intelectual , Psicologia , Terminologia como Assunto , Adaptação Psicológica , Direitos Civis , Cognição , Prestação Integrada de Cuidados de Saúde , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/classificação , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/diagnóstico , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/etiologia , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/terapia , Pessoas com Deficiência , Deficiência Intelectual/classificação , Deficiência Intelectual/diagnóstico , Deficiência Intelectual/etiologia , Deficiência Intelectual/terapia , Inteligência , Relações Interpessoais , Deficiências da Aprendizagem , Teoria Psicológica , Fatores de Risco , Apoio Social
13.
Gac. sanit. (Barc., Ed. impr.) ; 33(4): 317-324, jul.-ago. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-187987

RESUMO

Objetivo: Describir la epidemiología de la violencia interpersonal en España. Método: Estudio descriptivo de los casos de pacientes con diagnóstico secundario de agresión registrados en el Conjunto Mínimo Básico de Datos de altas hospitalarias, entre 1999 y 2011, utilizando los códigos E960 a E969 de la Clasificación Internacional de Enfermedades (CIE-9). Se describe la distribución por sexo, edad y tipo de alta y de atención requerida, morbilidad asociada, mortalidad y comunidad autónoma. Se estudia la calidad del registro en función de su variación temporal. Resultados: El perfil de agresión en hombres (85%) es el de un paciente de entre 15 y 44 años, que en un 93,7% de los casos precisa atención urgente y cuya gravedad es moderada (95% alta a domicilio). El 2,5% de los pacientes reingresa, y se produce la muerte en el 1,1% de las ocasiones. El perfil en las mujeres (15%) difiere ligeramente: edad comprendida entre 31 y 52 años, el 94% requiere atención urgente (si bien el 96% tiene una gravedad moderada), el 3% reingresa y en el 1,7% de las ocasiones la paciente muere. Conclusiones: Aunque necesitan ser mejorados para evitar ciertas limitaciones, los sistemas de información sanitaria constituyen una riquísima fuente de datos que pueden ser utilizados para la investigación en salud y, a través de sus resultados, para el desarrollo de planes de prevención e intervención sociosanitaria en temas de violencia


Objective: To describe the epidemiology of interpersonal violence in Spain. Method: Descriptive study of the cases of patients with secondary diagnosis of aggression registered on a national hospital discharge database, between 1999 and 2011, using the codes from E960 to E969 of the ICD-9. The distribution by sex, age and type of discharge, associated morbidity, mortality and by autonomous community is described. The quality of the record is studied according to its temporal variation. Results: The case profile of aggression in men (85%) is of a patient between 15 and 44 years old, who in 93.7% of cases requires urgent care and whose severity is moderate (95% discharge home). Two point five percent of patients are readmitted and death occurs in1.1%. The profile in women (15%) differs slightly, with an age between 31 and 52 years, 94% require urgent attention, although 96% have moderate severity; 3% are readmitted and 1.7% die. Conclusions: Although they need to be improved to avoid certain limitations, health information systems are a rich source of data that can be used for research in health and, through their results, for the development of prevention plans and intervention in matters of violence


Assuntos
Humanos , Violência/estatística & dados numéricos , Exposição à Violência/estatística & dados numéricos , Indicadores de Morbimortalidade , Espanha/epidemiologia , Relações Interpessoais , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Sumários de Alta do Paciente Hospitalar/estatística & dados numéricos , Estatísticas Hospitalares
14.
Metas enferm ; 22(5): 27-32, jun. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-183568

RESUMO

Dentro del ámbito oncológico, la arteterapia propone un espacio de trabajo dirigido al desarrollo de recursos personales e interpersonales promotores de salud, que puede resultar útil junto a los que plantean otros dispositivos terapéuticos más enfocados en el tratamiento del malestar. Dos de los aportes que refiere la literatura son el desarrollo de la creatividad y el acceso a áreas de reflexión y, por tanto, expresivas y comunicativas, eficaces en relación con áreas de la experiencia a las que las personas no pueden poner palabras. Este artículo avanza en este sentido con la intención de mostrar, con una mayor amplitud y agudeza, el alcance de una vía que arranca poniendo en juego la parte sana de la persona y la dispone hacia la participación de una vivencia de carácter estético, además de expresiva y comunicativa; se dirige a expandir su campo experiencial, a abrirlo a la conexión de áreas de experiencia significativas, vitales, universales; y a generar un tejido relacional no excluyente, conformado por experiencias, pero también por objetos en los que pacientes y familiares podrán siempre encontrarse


Within the Oncology setting, Art Therapy offers a working space targeted to developing personal and interpersonal health promoting resources, which can be useful together with those presented by other therapeutic instruments more focused on treating the condition. Two of the contributions reported by literature are: the development of creativity, and the access to areas of reflection and, therefore, expression and communication, which are effective regarding areas of experience which persons cannot describe with words. This articles moves forward in this sense, intending to show with higher intensity and to a higher extent the scope of a pathway which starts by compromising the healthy part of the person, and guides them towards being involved in an experience of aesthetic nature, as well as expressive and communicative; it is targeted to expanding their scope of experience, to open it to the connection of significant, vital and universal areas of experience, and to generate a non-excluding relationship tissue, formed by experiences, but also by objects where patients and relatives will always be able to meet


Assuntos
Humanos , Terapia pela Arte , Neoplasias/psicologia , Conforto do Paciente , Relações Interpessoais , Promoção da Saúde
15.
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-183852

RESUMO

This paper presents an interbehavioral conceptualization of interpersonal relationships, emphasizing both interpersonal closeness and conflict. In doing so, processes of association and subsequent substitution of stimulus function are described, setting the foundation for an analysis of how relationships are formed from an interbehavioral perspective. Specific attention is given to factors that impact intimacy and closeness in relationships, especially ways in which closeness may be fostered and conflict made more likely. The topic of communication is addressed, and possible therapeutic targets are highlighted from a novel conceptual context. The analysis is contrasted with more traditional ways of thinking, including more common behavior analytic perspectives. The implications of adopting the proposed interbehavioral conceptualization are provided


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Conflito Psicológico , Comportamento Social , Amigos/psicologia , Habilidades Sociais , Condicionamento Psicológico
16.
Rev. int. androl. (Internet) ; 17(2): 55-59, abr.-jun. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-188096

RESUMO

Objetivo: La autoestima sexual ha generado resultados que dejan en claro su impacto en la salud sexual, la cual se forja de las interacciones con otras personas. Por tal motivo, el objetivo de este estudio es evaluar si las variables tiempo con la pareja, número de parejas sexuales, apoyo de la pareja, asertividad sexual y violencia de pareja predicen la autoestima sexual en mujeres del noreste de México. Material y método: Estudio correlacional, predictivo y transversal. La muestra estuvo formada por 605 mujeres usuarias de centros de salud de atención primaria. Como criterios de inclusión se tuvo en cuenta que las participantes tuviesen una edad entre 18 y 40 años (M = 27,68; DT = 6,52), que mantuviesen una relación de pareja de al menos 3 meses y con actividad sexual dentro de esa relación. Resultados: El apoyo de pareja, la violencia de pareja y la asertividad sexual se comportaron como factores predictivos, explicando un 32% de la autoestima sexual en mujeres (F = 52,410, p < 0,001). Conclusiones: Los factores interpersonales son elementos clave en la comprensión y evaluación de la autoestima sexual en las mujeres. Estos hallazgos apoyarán al mejoramiento de la salud sexual de esta población, quien es un grupo vulnerable ante problemas de índole sexual en México


Objective: Sexual self-esteem has generated results that make clear their impact on sexual health, which is forged by interactions with other people. For this reason, the goal of this study is to evaluate if the variables time spent with the partner, number of sexual partners, support of the couple, sexual assertiveness and partner violence predict sexual self-esteem in women in Northeast Mexico. Material and method: Predictive and correlational study. The sample consisted of 605 women users of primary health care centers. As inclusion criteria, it was considered that participants were between 18 and 40 years of age (M = 27.68; TD = 6.52), who maintained a relationship of at least three months and with sexual activity within that relationship. Results: Couple support, partner violence and sexual assertiveness behaved as predictive factors, accounting for 32% of sexual self-esteem in women (F = 52.410, p < 0.001). Conclusions: Interpersonal factors are key elements in the understanding and evaluation of sexual self-esteem in women. These findings will support the improvement of the sexual health of this population, who are a vulnerable group to sexual problems in Mexico


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Autoimagem , Relações Interpessoais , Previsões , Comportamento Sexual/psicologia , Sexualidade/psicologia , Saúde Sexual , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estudos Transversais , México
17.
Ansiedad estrés ; 25(1): 42-48, ene.-jun. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-FGT-4218

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN Y OBJETIVOS: El objetivo de esta investigación es evaluar el papel de las variables mentalizadoras (empatía y mindfulness) en la relación entre el estilo de apego adulto y la sensibilidad interpersonal en mujeres. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: La muestra consta de 364 mujeres, con una media de edad de 36.54 años (DT = 3.69). Las variables de estilo de apego, empatía, mindfulness y sensibilidad interpersonal se han evaluado utilizando instrumentos autoadministrados de adecuada validez y fiabilidad. RESULTADOS: Los resultados indican una mayor sensibilidad interpersonal en las mujeres con estilos de apego inseguros, en comparación con las mujeres que refieren estilos de apego más seguros. Por otro lado, existe mayor empatía y mindfulness en las mujeres con estilos de apego seguros. Además, la empatía y el mindfulness explican de forma significativa un porcentaje de la varianza en la sensibilidad interpersonal. CONCLUSIONES: Se comentan las implicaciones de estas diferencias significativas en el desarrollo de programas tanto de prevención como de intervención en mujeres


INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study is to evaluate the role of mentalizing variables (empathy and mindfulness) in the relationship between adult attachment style and interpersonal sensitivity in women. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The sample consists of 364 women, with an average age of 36.54 years (SD = 3.69). Attachment style, empathy, mindfulness and interpersonal sensitivity variables have been evaluated using self-report instruments with adequate validity and reliability. RESULTS: The results show greater interpersonal sensitivity in women with insecure attachment styles, compared to women who report more secure attachment styles. On the other hand, there is greater empathy and mindfulness in women with secure attachment styles. In addition, empathy and mindfulness significatively explain a percentage of the variance in interpersonal sensitivity. CONCLUSIONS: The implications of these differences in the development of both prevention and intervention programs for women are discussed


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Relações Interpessoais , Mulheres/psicologia , Apego ao Objeto
18.
An. psicol ; 35(2): 259-268, mayo 2019. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-181696

RESUMO

The main purpose of this research is to examine the mediating role of the perception of school experiences in the relationship between interpersonal competence and happiness in adolescent. The participants in the study consisted of a total of 268 students, 104 females (39%) and 164 males (61%), attending various high schools in a city in the mid-Black Sea region. The participating students’ ages ranged between 14 and 18, with an average age of 16.22 (SD = 1.2). In order to gather data the "Interpersonal Competence Scale", "Perceived School Experience Scale" and "Oxford Happiness Scale" were used as measures. According to the results of the research, interpersonal competence predicts perceptions of school experience and happiness, perception of school experience predicts happiness. Analysis by structural equation modeling revealed that the perception of school experience has a partial mediating role in relationship between interpersonal competence and happiness in adolescents. The research findings are discussed within the context of the related literature and some suggestions are provided for researchers and practitioners in the field of mental health


El objetivo principal de esta investigación es examinar el papel mediador de la percepción de las experiencias escolares en la relación entre la competencia interpersonal y la felicidad en los adolescentes. Los participantes en el estudio eran un total de 268 estudiantes, 104 mujeres (39%) y 164 hombres (61%), que asistían a varios centros de secundaria en una ciudad en la región del Mar Negro medio. Las edades de los estudiantes participantes oscilaron entre 14 y 18 años, con una edad promedio de 16.22 (SD = 1.2). Para recopilar datos, se utilizaron como medidas la "Escala de competencia interpersonal", la "Escala de experiencia escolar percibida" y la "Escala de felicidad de Oxford". De acuerdo con los resultados de la investigación, la competencia interpersonal predice las percepciones de la experiencia escolar y la felicidad, la percepción de la experiencia escolar predice la felicidad. El análisis mediante modelos de ecuaciones estructurales reveló que la percepción de la experiencia escolar tiene un papel mediador parcial en la relación entre la competencia interpersonal y la felicidad en los adolescentes. Los resultados de la investigación se discuten en el contexto de la literatura relacionada y se proporcionan algunas sugerencias para los investigadores y profesionales en el campo de la salud mental


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Felicidade , Satisfação Pessoal , Comportamento Competitivo , Psicometria/instrumentação , Habilidades Sociais , Relações Interpessoais , Características da Família , Relações Familiares/psicologia , Desejabilidade Social
19.
An. psicol ; 35(2): 314-322, mayo 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-181701

RESUMO

Este estudio busca construir y validar la Escala de Comunicación autopercibida en la relación de pareja (CARP) con el fin de ofrecer un instrumento sencillo y útil. Participaron 620 personas que mantenían una relación de pareja. Para estudiar la estructura factorial de la escala se dividió aleatoriamente la muestra en dos submuestras, realizándose una validación cruzada mediante análisis factorial exploratorio (AFE) y análisis factorial confirmatorio (AFC). Asimismo, para comprobar que el modelo se mantenía estable al tener en cuenta la variable sexo, se repitió el análisis factorial confirmatorio con las submuestras de mujeres y de hombres y se aplicó un AFC Multigrupo para comprobar la invarianza factorial en función de esta variable. Se ha obtenido una escala de 8 ítems constituida por dos factores que explican el 46.6% de la varianza y que presenta una buena fiabilidad (alfa = .75), comprobándose la invarianza estricta en función del sexo. Esta escala puede ser útil en el campo de la detección, prevención e intervención en situaciones de conflicto entre la pareja


This study aims to design and validate the Scale of Self-perceived Communication in the Couple Relationship (SCCR) in order to provide a straightforward and useful instrument. 620 persons who were in a couple relationship took part in this study. The sample was divided randomly into two subsamples to study the factor structure of the scale, carrying out a cross-validation by using an exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and a confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). Also, and to verify that the model remained stable taking account of the variable gender, the confirmatory factor analysis was repeated with the women and men subsamples, and a multigroup CFA was carried out to check the factor invariance according to this variable An 8-items scale was obtained, made up with two factors explaining 46.6% of the variance who also reported a good reliability (alfa = .75), testing the strict invariance according to the gender. This scale might be useful in the field of detection, prevention and intervention of conflict situations in the couple relationship


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Comunicação , Parceiros Sexuais/psicologia , Cônjuges/psicologia , Psicometria/métodos , Autoimagem , Conflito Familiar/psicologia , Relações Interpessoais , Autorrelato , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
20.
Psicothema (Oviedo) ; 31(2): 121-127, mayo 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-185216

RESUMO

Background: The DARSI program (Developing Healthy and Egalitarian Adolescent Relationships) aims to prevent peer aggressive behaviors inside and outside social networks and educate adolescents on gender equality. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of the program on the reduction of sexist attitudes, myths of romantic love and aggressive behaviors in adolescents. Method: 191 adolescents, aged 12 to 17 years (53.93% girls), assigned to an experimental group (3 classrooms) and two control groups (6 classrooms in two educational centers) participated in this study. A quasi-experimental design with control group was used and the effectiveness of the program was evaluated using a repeated measures factorial design. Results: Findings showed a significant decrease in the experimental group in hostile sexism, benevolent sexism, myths of romantic love, direct aggression, relational aggression, and cyber-aggression. Conclusions: The effectiveness of the evaluated program and the viability of joint interventions in the prevention of peer violence and teen dating violence are observed


Antecedentes: el programa DARSI (Desarrollando en Adolescentes Relaciones Saludables e Igualitarias) tiene como finalidad prevenir conductas agresivas entre iguales dentro y fuera de las redes sociales y formar a los adolescentes en igualdad de género. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar los efectos del programa en la disminución de actitudes sexistas, mitos del amor romántico y conductas agresivas en adolescentes. Método: en este estudio participaron 191 adolescentes, de 12 a 17 años (53,93% chicas), asignados a un grupo experimental (3 aulas) y dos grupos control (6 aulas de dos centros educativos). Se utilizó un diseño cuasi-experimental con grupo control y se evaluó la efectividad del programa mediante diseño factorial de medidas repetidas. Resultados: los resultados mostraron una disminución significativa en el grupo experimental en sexismo hostil, sexismo benevolente, mitos del amor romántico, agresión directa, agresión relacional y ciberagresión. Conclusiones: se constata la efectividad del programa evaluado y la viabilidad de intervenir conjuntamente en la prevención de la violencia entre iguales y la violencia de pareja en adolescentes


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Comportamento do Adolescente , Agressão , Atitude , Relações Interpessoais , Romantismo , Sexismo/prevenção & controle , Eficiência Organizacional
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