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Span. j. psychol ; 21: e61.1-e61.8, 2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-189176


The experience of trauma could be considered a central event in one's life, such that it could be a core component of one's identity and life story. Indeed, trauma memories are well-remembered, vivid, intense, and easily accessible (Berntsen & Rubin, 2006). The present study investigated the mediating role of sensory-based trauma memory quality in the relationship between centrality of event and mental health outcomes among child and adolescent survivors of a natural disaster (N = 225) in its immediate aftermath. Results of mediation analyses revealed that centrality of trauma event is related to symptoms of acute stress disorder and depression through sensory-based trauma memory quality (indirect effect 95% C.I. [.06, .11] and [.04, .10], respectively). These findings support the contention that centrality of event is associated to heightened accessibility and vividness of sensory-based trauma memory quality, which in turn is related to an increase in trauma-related symptoms in the immediate aftermath of a natural disaster, where the reminders of trauma are particularly salient in the survivors' environment and daily activities

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Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Tempestades Ciclônicas , Memória Episódica , Desastres Naturais , Trauma Psicológico/psicologia , Sobreviventes/psicologia , Filipinas
Eur. j. psychiatry ; 27(1): 18-26, ene.-mar. 2013. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-112414


Background and Objectives: Numerous studies of disasters have used measures of non-specific distress as outcome measures. The utility of these measures as predictive of the long-term outcome of disasters has remained unclear, in particular the relationship with PTSD. This study examines whether demoralization is predictive and a useful concept to examine the long-term outcome of disaster related PTSD. Methods: The 1998 Hurricane Mitch that impacted Honduras was examined two-months(n = 800) and two-years following the disaster in a longitudinal community-based sample of604 adults. Respondents were selected from a stratified sample in Tegucigalpa based on exposure and social economic status. PTSD diagnosed using the CIDI module at both periods of time. Demoralization was measured using the PERI-D at 2-months post-disaster. Results: The PERI-D, increased demoralization, was significantly associated with PTSD at two-month and two-years. In addition, increased demoralization was associated with increased risk of PTSD chronicity. Decreased demoralization was associated with PTSD remission. New onset PTSD was associated increased demoralization; however, the finding was not appreciated after controlling for potential confounders. Conclusions: Demoralization can be measured using a simple screening questionnaire that may be a useful in identifying individuals who may be at increased risk for PTSD in the short-term, as well as in the long-term following a disaster (AU)

Humanos , Transtornos do Humor/classificação , Transtornos Psicofisiológicos/classificação , Desastres Naturais , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia , Tempestades Ciclônicas , Honduras
Med. mil ; 56(2): 105-107, abr.-jun. 2000. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-37461


En el presente artículo se expone la actividad sanitaria desarrollada por el Servicio de Sanidad del Buque "Pizarro" en diferentes países de Centroamérica en enero de 1999, afectados por el huracán "Mitch" (AU)

Humanos , Higiene Militar/métodos , Saneamento em Desastres , Tempestades Ciclônicas , Assistência Internacional em Desastres , América Central , Nicarágua , El Salvador , Honduras , Enfermagem Militar