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1.
Eur. j. anat ; 22(3): 227-233, mayo 2018. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-179062

RESUMO

This study presents the symbiosis between science and art through the analysis of anatomy and the wax-modelling technique. For this purpose, an eighteenth-century anatomical wax model showing the gestation process was selected. This model belongs to the collection of the Javier Puerta Museum of Anatomy (Complutense University of Madrid, Spain). The work has attempted to analyze, interpret and disseminate the process of producing the anatomical wax model using the latest 3D registration technologies. The methodology was established in two phases: a first phase of data collection using a GO! SCAN50 laser scanner from CREAFORM and VXelements software, and a second phase of post-processing of the collected data. The result was a very high resolution 3D virtual model that allowed the analysis and interpretation without the need to manipulate the original. The animated 3D model is viewable at 360º via interactive virtual platforms and under multiple angles and textures. This has made it possible to locate signs and proofs about the process of making the anatomical model, confirming the hypothesis that it seems to have been carried out by the artists during the elaboration of the piece. In short, 3D recording has proved to be a non-destructive and very graphical analysis method, allowing data collection, real-time monitoring and visualization without any manipulations


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Assuntos
Anatomia Artística , Modelos Anatômicos , Imageamento Tridimensional/métodos , Centros Interativos e Exposições de Ciência e Tecnologia , Tronco/anatomia & histologia
2.
Dynamis (Granada) ; 38(2): 477-504, 2018. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-177195

RESUMO

Este ensayo analiza el proceso de cambio que experimentó el Natural History Museum (NHM) de Londres en su programa expositivo a lo largo de la década de 1970 durante el desarrollo del denominado New Exhibition Scheme (NES), que pasó de un discurso basado en especímenes reales a uno centrado en medios audiovisuales, dispositivos interactivos y guiones altamente estructurados. El NES contemplaba diez exposiciones permanentes, comenzando con la exposición Human Biology, an Exhibition of Ourselves, inaugurada en 1977 y que es el caso de estudio del artículo. Una serie de factores, como aquí se sugiere, alentaron y aceleraron un cambio tan significativo, ya que el Museo tuvo que justificar que se trataba de una institución responsable socialmente. A partir de ese momento, el visitante adquirió un mayor protagonismo, por encima, incluso, de las colecciones y las exposiciones. Nuevos profesionales del museo se incorporaron al proceso de creación expositiva, desplazando a los conservadores, que tradicionalmente se habían encargado de dichas labores, desde valores y prácticas muy distintas. Recurrieron a los dispositivos audiovisuales e interactivos para combinar educación y entretenimiento y buscaron una aproximación pedagógica que equilibrara dos teorías educativas recientes como el aprendizaje programado y el aprendizaje por descubrimiento


This article analyzes changes made in the exhibition program of the London Natural History Museum (NHM) throughout the 1970s, moving from a discourse based on real specimens to one centered on audiovisual media, interactive devices, and highly structured scripts. We explore the difficult economic state of the United Kingdom at this time, which impacted on the funding for museums in general and for the NHM in particular. We suggest that this situation encouraged and accelerated these major changes, given that the Museum had to demonstrate that it was a socially responsible institution. From this time on, the visitor acquired greater importance, even above that of the collections. Designers of exhibitions turned to the latest education and communication theories and exhibition techniques in order to combine education and entertainment. New professionals at the Museum were incorporated into the exhibition creation process, replacing curators who were traditionally responsible for this work and had very different values and practices


Assuntos
Humanos , História do Século XX , Exposições Científicas , Educação/métodos , Centros Interativos e Exposições de Ciência e Tecnologia , Museus/história , Inglaterra
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