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1.
Rev. psiquiatr. salud ment. (Barc., Ed. impr.) ; 13(2): 73-79, abr.-jun. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-ET6-463

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN: Las diferencias étnicas han sido estudiadas tanto en esquizofrenia como en los primeros episodios psicóticos (PEP).??En estudios realizados en los Países Bajos se ha descrito que en los varones de origen marroquí es más frecuente un episodio psicótico y presentar mayor severidad en la sintomatología. Sin embargo, no existen estudios en España en PEP en población marroquí comparada con autóctona. OBJETIVOS: Explorar las diferencias clínicas entre la población inmigrante de origen marroquí y la población autóctona, en una muestra de PEP recogida en una unidad de hospitalización de agudos. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Se evaluó la sintomatología y el funcionamiento al ingreso y al alta, así como el consumo de cannabis y la dosis de tratamiento antipsicótico y el perfil de efectos adversos en una muestra de 83 pacientes con PEP. Se compararon los pacientes de origen marroquí con los de la población autóctona mediante análisis univariantes y la independencia de las asociaciones fue evaluada mediante análisis de regresión logística. RESULTADOS: El 28,9% de la muestra era de origen marroquí. No se encontraron diferencias en cuanto a la sintomatología al ingreso y al alta. Comparados con los autóctonos, los de origen marroquí eran mayoritariamente hombres, tenían menos años de educación, presentaban peor funcionamiento, menor uso de cannabis, mejor perfil de efectos secundarios y una tendencia al mayor uso de LAI. Tras el análisis multivariante, solo un peor funcionamiento (OR 0,93; IC 95%: 0,88-0,99; p = 0,02) y menos años de educación (OR 0,75; IC 95%: 0,56-1,01; p = 0,05) permanecieron significativamente asociados a ser de origen marroquí. CONCLUSIONES: Existen diferencias sociodemográficas y clínicas entre personas con PEP de origen marroquí y población autóctona. Nuestros resultados señalan que debería contemplarse la trascendencia de la competencia cultural en la evaluación y tratamiento de los PEP


INTRODUCTION: Ethnic differences have been studied previously in schizophrenia and first episodes of psychosis (FEP). Previous studies in Netherlands have reported a higher incidence of psychosis in male Moroccan immigrants and more clinical severity. However there is lack of studies in Spain with morocco population and FEP. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to determine the clinical differences in a sample of FEP between Morocco and Spanish population, recruited in a hospitalisation unit. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Descriptive and cross-sectional study of 83 inpatients (FEP). Functionality and symptomatology were evaluated at entry and discharge, the pattern of use of cannabis was evaluated at entry, the dose of antipsychotic and the pattern of side-effects at discharge. Comparisons between native-born population and Morocco population was made with univariate analysis and logistic regression was made for evaluating the independence of the associations. RESULTS: The 28.9% of the sample was Morocco group. No significance differences were found in clinical characteristics between groups at entry or at discharge. Compared with native-born, the Morocco group were more male, with less years of education, worse functionality, reported less use of cannabis, a better pattern of side effects and a tendency of more prescription of LAis. After the multivariate analysis, just remains a lower functionality (OR 0.93; IC 95%: 0.88-0.99, P=0.02) and lower years of education (OR 0.75; IC 95%: 0.56-1.01, P=0.05), remain significative with being related with Morocco origin. CONCLUSIONS: Our study provides evidence for ethnic differences in Morocco population with FEP. Patients with Morocco ethnicity have more probability of being males, less years of educations. Have lower functionality and a better profile of side effects


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Transtornos Psicóticos/etnologia , Transtornos Psicóticos/tratamento farmacológico , Abuso de Maconha/complicações , Abuso de Maconha/etnologia , Emigrantes e Imigrantes , Marrocos , Espanha
2.
Nutr. clín. diet. hosp ; 39(3): 124-128, 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-191629

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Fruits and vegetable were globally promoted as healthy food. It was proved that high consumption of fruit and vegetable reduced the risk of noncommunicable diseases, especially cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes, obesity and cancer. The purpose of this study was to describe fruit and vegetable intake and its relation with socioeconomic status in Moroccan school aged children METHODS: Data were collected by a cross-sectional study of a sample of children from primary government schools in southeastern Morocco. A 24 hours dietary recall of the children's food intake questionnaire was realized. RESULTS: Results showed a strong association between fruit and vegetable and tested variables. Higher fruit and vegetable intakes were associated with lower level of education of mothers. Concerning monthly family income category, no significant correlation was detected. Mean vegetables consumption were related significantly with Household location, Ethnicity and age groups (p = 0.000, p = 0.000 and p = 0.001 respectively). CONCLUSION: Socioeconomic inequalities influence fruit and vegetable intakes. Consequently, socioeconomic status must be considered in promoting health and improving diet


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Frutas , Plantas Comestíveis , Qualidade dos Alimentos , Comportamento Alimentar , Dieta , Estudantes , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estudos Transversais , Registros de Dieta , Marrocos
3.
Index enferm ; 25(3): 190-193, jul.-sept. 2016.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-158188

RESUMO

El presente trabajo aborda en primer lugar y desde una perspectiva teórica, la incidencia de los factores económicos y políticos en el germen de la violencia organizada para después, analizar como los cambios sociodemográficos que se han sucedido en el Sahara Occidental desde 1975 hasta nuestros días, sumados a la política asistencialista de Marruecos y los privilegios de los que se benefician determinados grupos han desestabilizado la región


This paper addresses, first of all, and from a theoretical perspective, the impact of economic and political factors in the germ of the organized violence to later on, analyze how the demographic changes occurred in Western Sahara since 1975 until today, coupled with the Moroccan welfare policy and privileges that certain groups obtain benefits from have destabilized the region


Assuntos
Humanos , Conflitos Armados , Competição Econômica , Valor da Vida , Políticas Públicas de Saúde , África do Norte , Marrocos , Exposição à Violência , Migração Humana/tendências , Campos de Refugiados , Fatores Socioeconômicos
4.
Dynamis (Granada) ; 36(2): 317-339, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-157169

RESUMO

Morocco was the last North African country in which a Pasteur institute was created, nearly two decades later than in Tunisia and Algeria. In fact, two institutes were opened, the first in Tangier in 1913 and the second in Casablanca in 1932. This duplication, far from being a measure of success, was the material expression of the troubles Pastorians had experienced in getting a solid foothold in the country since the late 19th century. These problems partly derived from the pre-existence of a modest Spanish-Moroccan bacteriological tradition, developed since the late 1880s within the framework of the Sanitary Council and Hygiene Commission of Tangier, and partly from the uncoordinated nature of the initiatives launched from Paris and Algiers. Although a Pasteur Institute was finally established, with Paul Remlinger as director, the failure of France to impose its colonial rule over the whole country, symbolized by the establishment of an international regime in Tangier, resulted in the creation of a second centre in Casablanca. While elucidating many hitherto unclear facts about the entangled origins of both institutes, the author points to the solidity of the previously independent Moroccan state as a major factor behind the troubled translation of Pastorianism to Morocco. Systematically dismissed or downplayed by colonial and postcolonial historiography, this solidity disrupted the French takeover of the country and therefore Pastorian expectations (AU)


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Pesquisa Biomédica/história , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/história , Pesquisa/história , Marrocos , Agências Internacionais/história , Colonialismo/história , História da Medicina
5.
Span. j. psychol ; 19: e76.1-e76.11, 2016. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-160291

RESUMO

This study examines the role that motivational values play in the experience of discrimination in young immigrants in Spain and how this role is mediated by parental values. Participants in the study were 193 dyads of pre-adolescent to young adult first and second generation immigrants and one of their parents. All participants were either of Moroccan or Romanian ascent, the two largest immigrant groups in Spain. The proposed SEM model had an adequate fit, χ2(2, N = 193) = 2.272, p = .321, RMSEA = .027, CFI = .999, NFI = .994, and yielded a large R2, both for the Moroccan group (R2 = .79, p < .01), and the Romanian group (R2 = .80, p < .01). It showed that the value dimension openness to change vs. conservation is positively related to their experience of discrimination (β = .35, p < .01, for Moroccans group; and β = .29, p < .001, for Romanians). This relationship was mediated by parental values and their parents’ experience of discrimination. A possible explanation is that immigrants high in openness to change are likely to pursue contact with the host culture more intensely, and thus increase the probability of interactions involving discrimination. Additionally, parental values and their own experience of discrimination influences their children, making them more vulnerable to discrimination stress and more likely to perceive discrimination. While most research is focused on external or environmental variables, this study highlights the importance of value orientations and parental influences in immigrants’ experience of discrimination (AU)


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Discriminação Social/etnologia , Valores Sociais , Motivação , Pais/psicologia , Emigrantes e Imigrantes/psicologia , Preconceito/psicologia , Marrocos/etnologia , Romênia/etnologia , Espanha/etnologia
6.
Acta pediatr. esp ; 73(7): e191-e198, jul. 2015. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-141903

RESUMO

El síndrome de Poland es una deformidad congénita poco frecuente, esporádica y de patogenia incierta. Se caracteriza por ausencia/hipoplasia del pectoral mayor, alteraciones de la mano y de la glándula mamaria ipsolateral. Se presenta un caso de un varón con clínica sugestiva de síndrome de Poland en el hemitórax izquierdo, sin alteración de la extremidad superior, aunque asociaba dextrocardia y herniación pulmonar, una relación poco frecuente. Se hace hincapié en la necesidad de contar con un equipo multidisciplinario para su manejo inicial y tratamiento a largo plazo (AU)


The Poland syndrome is a rare, sporadic and congenital deformity with uncertain pathogenesis. It is characterized by absence or hypoplasia of the pectoralis major muscle, malformations of the hand and involvement of the ipsilateral mammary gland. A case of a newborn with clinical manifestations suggestive of Poland syndrome on the left hemithorax, associated dextrocardia and defect pulmonary despite being a rare association. Emphasis on the need for a multidisciplinary team in the initial management and long-term treatment (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Síndrome de Poland/diagnóstico , Dextrocardia/etiologia , Deformidades Congênitas das Extremidades Superiores/etiologia , Síndrome de Poland/psicologia , Síndrome de Poland/terapia , Marrocos/etnologia , Assistência ao Convalescente
7.
Acta pediatr. esp ; 73(5): e116-e121, mayo 2015. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-140301

RESUMO

Presentamos el caso de un varón de 7 años de edad, remitido a nuestra consulta para su valoración por un cuadro de ictericia mucocutánea. Las analíticas orientan hacia una anemia hemolítica y, tras interrogar a la familia, se concreta que el cuadro había comenzado a las 24 horas de la ingesta de habas, por lo que se orienta el cuadro como un probable déficit de glucosa 6-fosfato deshidrogenasa (D-G6PD), confirmándose posteriormente. Se inicia tratamiento de soporte. Las cifras más bajas de hemoglobina y hematocrito se detectan al cuarto día tras la ingesta del agente desencadenante, permaneciendo el paciente prácticamente asintomático. Las cifras analíticas se normalizan completamente a los 14 días del inicio del cuadro. En este caso se detectó la coexistencia de D-G6PD con otra eritropatía, G6PD/HbS (anemia de células falciformes), asociación que ya ha sido descrita en otros trabajos anteriormente. Al alta hospitalaria se proporcionó al paciente una lista de fármacos y alimentos con efecto oxidante, así como asesoramiento genético. Asimismo, nos parece importante resaltar la importancia de excluir la coexistencia de D-G6PD con otras eritropatía (AU)


We describe the case of a seven year old male patient, who was sent to study because of recient jaundice, with final diagnosis hemolitic anemia, beginning up to 24 hours to have consumed beans, and that’s why the initial diagnosis was glucose 6 phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency (G6PD), being confirmed later. Lower numbers of haemoglobin and hematocrito appears on fourth day, remaining practically asymptomatic. Analytical normalized to 14 days. We diagnose also coexistence of G6PD with other erythropathy G6PG/HbS. The patient received the list of food and drugs potentially harmful and genetic counselling. We want to stand out the importance of reject the coexistence with another erythropathy (AU)


Assuntos
Criança , Humanos , Masculino , Icterícia/etiologia , Favismo/etiologia , Marrocos/etnologia , Favismo/tratamento farmacológico
8.
Span. j. psychol ; 18: e63.1-e63.12, 2015. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-140934

RESUMO

The first objective of this study was to investigate whether police violence is more tolerated when the victim is a member of a social minority (e.g., Moroccan immigrants and Romanian Gypsies in Spain) than when the victim is a member of the social majority (e.g., Spaniards). The second objective was to use Schwartz value theory to examine the moderating role of values on attitudes towards tolerance of police violence. The participants were 207 sociology and social work students from a public university in Madrid. Overall, in this study, police violence was more accepted when the victim was a member of a social minority; F(2, 206) = 77.91, p = .001, ηp2 = 0.433, and in general, values moderated this acceptance. Thus, greater adherence to the conservation and self-promotion values subsystems would strengthen support for police violence towards a social minority member. On the other hand, greater adherence to the openness to change and self-transcendence subsystems diminish this support (AU)


No disponible


Assuntos
Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem , Valores Sociais/etnologia , Violência/etnologia , Atitude/etnologia , Preconceito/etnologia , Roma (Grupo Étnico)/etnologia , Marrocos/etnologia , Romênia/etnologia , Espanha/etnologia
9.
Span. j. psychol ; 17: e49.1-e49.9, ene.-dic. 2014. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-130461

RESUMO

Migration is a normal process of people seeking new opportunities, work, or leisure in societies. The way people adapt to a new country (acculturation) is a complex process in which immigrants’ evaluations about the culture of origin and their perceptions of the host country interact. The combination of these two factors produces four types of acculturation: separation, assimilation, integration, and marginalization. Several variables, such as personality, attitudes, and emotional intelligence, have been studied to help explain this process. However, the impact of a culture of honor and its interaction with other variables remains an open question that may help to explain how migrants can better adjust to their host culture. In this study, we examine the influence of the culture of honor (social) and emotional intelligence (individual) on acculturation. In a sample of 129 Moroccan women (mean age = 29, SD = 9.40) immigrants in Spain (mean time in Spain = 6 years, SD = 3.60), we investigated the relations among the variables of interest. Our results show that no significant differences emerged in the scores given for culture of honor (CH) and the acculturation strategies of the Moroccan immigrant women F(3, 99) = .233; p = .87. However women who preferred the integration strategy scored highest on emotional intelligence (EI), whereas the assimilated immigrants showed the lowest scores for EI F(3, 92) = 4.63; p = .005. Additionally, only in the case of integration does EI mediate between CH and the value given to the immigrant’s own and host cultures (p <.001) (AU)


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Migração Humana/tendências , Emigrantes e Imigrantes/psicologia , Aculturação , Isolamento Social/psicologia , Marginalização Social/psicologia , Personalidade/fisiologia , Integração Comunitária/psicologia , Atividades de Lazer/psicologia , Inteligência Emocional/fisiologia , Marrocos/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Análise de Variância
10.
Asclepio ; 66(1): 0-0, ene.-jun. 2014. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-124123

RESUMO

From the end of the 19th to the beginning of the 20th century, Morocco's modernizing projects included plans for signing up to the Geneva Convention and creating a local Red Cross/Crescent society. These plans initially stemmed from the convergence of Moroccan administrative/military reforms and Spanish "regenerationist" interventions. They ran parallel to developments in leading Islamic countries such as Egypt, Persia and the Ottoman Empire though they would have to wait till the country's independence from Franco-Spanish domination in 1956 to become a reality. Beyond their lack of actual results, those early initiatives would serve as legal ground for Morocco's "humanitarian sovereignty", tacitly confirmed by the provisions of the Algeciras Act of 1906. In the following two decades, the resilience of this sovereignty would reveal itself in the sustained competition between the Spanish and the French Red Cross for "humanitarian hegemony" in the country, and also in the repeated and nearly successful demands to establish a local Red Cross/Crescent that were made to the International Committee of the Red Cross by the insurgent leader Abdelkrim during the so-called Rif War (AU)


Hacia finales del siglo XIX y comienzos del XX, los proyectos de modernización de Marruecos incluyeron planes de adhesión a la Convención de Ginebra y de creación de una sociedad local de la Cruz/Media Luna Roja. Estos planes surgieron de la convergencia entre las reformas administrativas/militares marroquíes y las intervenciones "regeneracionistas" españolas. Transcurrieron en paralelo con los desarrollos en países islámicos líderes como Egipto, Persia y el Imperio Otomano, aunque habrían de esperar para hacerse realidad hasta la independencia del país de la dominación franco-española en 1956. Más allá de la falta de resultados concretos, estas tempranas iniciativas servirían como marco legal a la "soberanía humanitaria" de Marruecos, tácitamente confirmada mediante las cláusulas del Acta de Algeciras de 1906. Durante las siguientes dos décadas, la resiliencia de esta soberanía se haría patente en la competición entre la Cruz Roja Española y la Francesa por la "hegemonía humanitaria" en Marruecos, así como en las repetidas y casi exitosas demandas para el establecimiento de una Cruz/Media Luna Roja rifeña, que hizo al Comité Internacional de la Cruz Roja el líder insurgente Abdelkrim durante la Guerra del Rif (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Direito Humanitário Internacional , Cruz Vermelha/história , Socorro em Desastres/organização & administração , Proteção Civil , Modernização Organizacional , Marrocos
11.
Acta otorrinolaringol. esp ; 65(3): 177-182, mayo-jun. 2014. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-122103

RESUMO

Introducción y objetivos: Se realiza un estudio retrospectivo para la revisión de 93 casos de bocio retroesternal (BR) operados en nuestro departamento, a fin de describir los datos epidemiológicos y clínicos y tratar los retos quirúrgicos de los BR. Pacientes y métodos: De enero de 2004 a diciembre de 2012, tratamos quirúrgicamente a 35 varones y 58 mujeres con BR. Realizamos cervicotomía en 89 casos (95,7%), y la esternotomía fue necesaria en 4 casos (4,3%). Se realizó laringoscopia en todos los casos. Fue imperativa una segunda laringoscopia preoperatoria realizada por un especialista para los pacientes con ronquera o disnea, incluso cuando el examen laríngeo inicial era normal. Resultados: Se observó una masa cervical en 81 casos (87,1%), disnea en 17 casos (18,3%), disfagia en 2 casos (2,1%), ronquera en 7 casos (7,5%), síndrome parcial de la vena cava en 2 casos y bocio recurrente en 2 casos (2,1%) tras la resección tiroidea previa. La extensión mediastínica se localizó en el lado izquierdo en 47 casos (50,5%), en el lado derecho en 29 casos (31,2%), y bilateralmente en 17 casos (18,3%). Se practicó tiroidectomía total en 86 casos (92,5%), e istmo-lobectomía unilateral en 7 casos (7,5%). El tamaño medio del bocio fue de 9,3 cm. Se presentaron complicaciones postoperatorias en 9 casos (9,7%), 3 casos con hipoparatiroidismo (3,2%) y 4 casos (4,3%) de lesión del nervio recurrente. No se produjeron muertes postoperatorias. El estudio histológico detectó 88 casos de bocio multiheteronodular, 4 casos de enfermedad de Graves-Basedow, y un caso de carcinoma tiroideo (carcinoma papilar). Conclusión: Nuestra experiencia confirma que la cervicotomía permite a menudo la extirpación del bocio con extensión mediastínica. Sin embargo, puede requerirse una esternotomía, alargándose el tiempo quirúrgico, la estancia hospitalaria y la morbilidad (AU)


Introduction and objectives: This was a retrospective study reviewing 93 cases of retrosternal goitre (RG) operated in our department, with the aim of describing epidemiological and clinical data and discussing the surgical challenges of RG. Patients and methods: From January 2004 to December 2012, 35 men and 58 women presenting with RG had surgery. Eighty-nine cases (95.7%) underwent cervicotomy, and a sternotomy was mandatory in 4 cases (4.3%). Laryngoscopy was performed in all cases. A second preoperative laryngoscopy by a senior was mandatory for patients with hoarseness or dyspnea even if the initial laryngeal exam was normal. Results: A cervical mass was noted in 81 cases (87.1%), dyspnea in 17 cases (18.3%), dysphagia in 2 cases (2.1%), hoarseness in 7 cases (7.5%), partial vena cava syndrome in 2 cases and recurrent goitre was noted in 2 cases (2.1%) after previous thyroid resection. Mediastinal extension was on the left side in 47 cases (50.5%), on the right side in 29 cases (31.2%) and bilateral in 17 cases (18.3%). A total thyroidectomy was performed in 86 cases (92.5%) and a unilateral isthmo-lobectomy was performed in 7 cases (7.5%). Mean goitre size was 9.3 cm. Postoperative complications were present in 9 cases (9.7%), 3 cases with hypoparathyroidism (3.2%) and 4 cases (4.3%) of recurrent nerve injury. There was no postoperative death. The histological study objectified 88 cases of multiheteronodular goitre, 4 cases of Basedow thyroid, and 1 case of thyroid carcinoma (papillary carcinoma). Conclusion: Our experience confirms that cervicotomy often allows removing goitre with a mediastinal extension. However, intraoperative enlargement may be necessary, with increased operating time, hospital stay and morbidity (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Bócio Subesternal/cirurgia , Esternotomia/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Dispneia/etiologia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/cirurgia , Neoplasias do Mediastino/cirurgia , Marrocos
13.
Allergol. immunopatol ; 42(1): 29-34, ene.-feb. 2014. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-119050

RESUMO

Background: The aim of this study was to assess the sensitivity profile of the population of Fez and Casablanca in Morocco to dry broad bean (Vicia faba), and to investigate the effect of food processing (heat and/or enzymatic hydrolysis by pepsin) on the human IgE binding capacity to broad bean proteins (BBP). Methods: Sera samples from 146 patients with atopic hypersensitivity were recruited in order to evaluate specific IgE levels to native and processed broad bean proteins by ELISA. Under the same conditions, we assessed the immunoreactivity of rabbit IgG obtained by immunisation with native BBP. Results: High IgE levels to BBP were found; in fact, 79.3% of children and 80.4% of adults had positive values. The heat treatment (70 °C during 60 min) of dry beans proteins showed slight reduction in recognition of these antigens by rabbit IgG (22%) and by human IgE (12%). Pepsin hydrolysis decreased rabbit-IgG recognition by 55% in the first 30 min of treatment. In contrast, and under the same conditions, pepsin increased human-IgE recognition with an average of 143% for all patients. However, the combination of the two treatments (heating and pepsin digestion) showed a decrease of 16% in BBP recognition for all patients. Conclusions: This study demonstrates a high sensitivity of a Moroccan population to broad bean proteins which was resistant to heat and digestion by pepsin (AU)


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Hipersensibilidade Imediata/imunologia , Hipersensibilidade Alimentar/imunologia , Fabaceae/efeitos adversos , Marrocos , Proteína Hidrolisada Vegetal
14.
Nutr. clín. diet. hosp ; 32(3): 57-63, sept.-dic. 2012. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-108869

RESUMO

Objetivo: Este estudio intenta evaluar la eficacia dela educación nutricional en la lucha contra el sobrepeso y la obesidad. Métodos: El estudio se reclutó a mujeres adultas sanas de Casablanca, Marruecos con sobrepeso u obesidad.96 mujeres participaron en el estudio, pero sólo52 participaron hasta el final. Participantes fueron distribuidos aleatoriamente en 3 grupos: grupo control(GC), grupo 1 (G1 participó en un seminario de educación sobre la nutrición), y grupo 2 (G2 participó en dos sesiones de educación nutricional al mes). Las mediciones antropométricas y de composición corporal se tomaron al inicio y después de 12 semanas del comienzo del estudio. Resultados: Ambos grupos participantes mostraron una disminución significativa en el peso después de las12 semanas, (G2: 3,2 kg ± 0,65 (p <0,01); G1: 1,4 kg± 1,33 (p <0,01)). Cambios significativos también se han notado en los parámetros de la composición corporal(grasa corporal y músculos esqueléticos) en ambos grupos. El grupo de control no mostro cambios significativos Conclusiones: Los resultados sugieren que la educación nutricional puede ser una forma costo-efectiva para combatir y prevenir la obesidad en Marruecos, especialmente en las comunidades con poco cono -cimiento sobre la dieta buena y las consecuencias de la obesidad (AU)


Objective: Our study aims to assess the effectiveness of nutrition education in fighting overweight and obesity. Methods: The study enrolled healthy adult women from Casablanca, Morocco with overweight or obesity.96 women participated to the study, but only 52 participated to the end. Participants were randomized into3 groups: control group (CG), group 1 (G1 participated to a seminar of nutrition education), and group 2 (G2participated to 2 follow-up sessions per month).Anthropometric measurements and body composition were taken at the baseline and after 12 weeks of the beginning of the study. Results: Both participating groups showed a significant decrease in weight after the 12 weeks, (G2: 3.2kg ± 0.65 (p<0.01); G1: 1.4 kg ± 1.33 (p<0.01)). Significant changes also have been noticed in the body composition parameters (body fat and skeletal muscles)in both groups. The control group didn’t show any significant changes. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that nutrition education might be a cost-effective way to fight and prevent obesity in Morocco especially in communities with little knowledge about good diet and the consequences of obesity (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Educação Alimentar e Nutricional , Perda de Peso/fisiologia , Dieta Redutora , Obesidade/dietoterapia , Sobrepeso/dietoterapia , Programas Gente Saudável/tendências , Marrocos , Composição Corporal
15.
Psicothema (Oviedo) ; 24(2): 243-248, abr.-jun. 2012.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-97819

RESUMO

Los estudios sobre infrahumanización verifican que las personas atribuyen más sentimientos al endogrupo que al exogrupo. Sin embargo, aún sabemos poco sobre el efecto de distintos contextos intergrupales en este sesgo. El objetivo principal de este estudio fue comprobar la naturaleza cambiante de la infrahumanización del exogrupo marroquíes inmediatamente después de los atentados del 11-M y siete años más tarde. Para ello, se analizaron las variaciones en la atribución de cualidades esenciales humanas, los sentimientos, a los marroquíes tras activar dos escenarios opuestos: culpables del acto terrorista del 11-M o víctimas del mismo atentado. Los resultados muestran que el grado de infrahumanización de los marroquíes en el contexto de perpetradores no varía significativamente respecto al grupo control. En cambio, no se produce infrahumanización cuando se les asocia a un contexto de víctimas aunque solo inmediatamente después del atentado, ya que siete años después este efecto desaparece (AU)


Infrahumanization studies have verified that most people attribute more secondary emotions to the ingroup than to the outgroup. However, these results may vary with changing contexts. The main objective of this study was to investigate the infrahumanization of Moroccans, depending on the context, after the 11-M attacks and seven years later. For this purpose, variations that occur in the allocation of essential human qualities —secondary emotions— were analyzed by activating images of outgroup members in two opposite contexts: Guilty of the terrorist attack or its victim. The results show that the infrahumanization of the Moroccans in the perpetrator context does not change significantly with regard to the control group. However, infrahumanization does not take place when Moroccans are associated with a victim context, though only immediately after the terrorist attack, because seven years later, this effect disappears (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Terrorismo/psicologia , Pânico/fisiologia , Transtorno de Pânico/psicologia , Criminologia/métodos , Marrocos/epidemiologia
16.
Nutr. hosp ; 27(1): 227-231, ene.-feb. 2012. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-104876

RESUMO

Introduction: We studied the differences on physical fitness, fatness and cardiovascular profile in Spanish and Moroccan women. Material and methods: The study comprised 63 and 58 women aged 45-65 years from South of Spain and North of Morocco, respectively. We assessed fitness and body composition using standard procedures. We also assessed resting heart rate (RHR), blood pressure, fasting glucose, total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol and triglycerides. Results and discussion: Moroccan women had a better performance in the main health-related physical fitness components, i.e. higher levels of cardiorespiratory fitness (P = 0.01) and (lower-body) muscular strength (P < 0.001). Diastolic blood pressure (P = 0.004), RHR and total cholesterol (both P = 0.04) were lower in Moroccan women. No differences were observed in the prevalence of metabolic syndrome. Conclusions: The women from Morocco had a healthier fitness and cardiovascular profile than the women from Spain. Further research on physical fitness and other health indicators in understudied populations is needed (AU)


Introducción: Estudiamos las diferencias en la forma física, grasa corporal y perfil cardiovascular de mujeres españolas y marroquíes. Materiales y métodos: El estudio comprendió 63 mujeres del sur de España y 58 del norte de Marruecos con un rango de edad de 45-65 años. Evaluamos la forma física y la composición corporal utilizando procedimientos estándar. También evaluamos la frecuencia cardíaca en reposo (FCR), la presión sanguínea, la glucosa en ayunas, el colesterol total, el colesterol LDL, HDL y los triglicéridos. Resultado y discusión: las mujeres marroquíes obtuvieron mejores resultados en los principales componentes de la salud relacionada con la forma física, como son mejores niveles de capacidad cardiorrespiratoria (P = 0,01) y fuerza muscular del tren inferior (P < 0,001). La presión sanguínea diastólica (P = 0,004), FCR y colesterol total (ambos P = 0,04) fueron menores en las mujeres marroquíes. No se observaron diferencias en la prevalencia de síndrome metabólico. Conclusiones: Las mujeres marroquíes presentaron unos niveles de forma física y perfil cardiovascular más saludables que las españolas. Se requieren investigaciones adicionales sobre la forma física y otros indicadores de salud en poblaciones poco estudiadas (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Condicionamento Físico Humano/fisiologia , Tecido Adiposo , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Pregas Cutâneas , Fatores de Risco , Composição Corporal , Índice de Massa Corporal , Marrocos/epidemiologia , Espanha/epidemiologia , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia
17.
Nutr. clín. diet. hosp ; 32(supl.2): 43-47, 2012. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-106196

RESUMO

Introducción: La desnutrición tiene consecuencias físicas y mentales para los individuos, hogares y comunidades. Sin embargo, hay una escasez de información sobre el estado nutricional de los adolescentes en Marruecos. Objetivo: Este estudio se realizó para evaluar el estado nutricional y las mediciones de la presión arterial de los escolares rurales bereberes de Lucha contra el Atlas en Marruecos. Métodos: Se midió la altura, peso, circunferencia de la cintura y la cadera, así como la presión arterial (PA)en una muestra de 152 adolescentes de escuelas rurales bereberes de edad 12-18 años de la ciudad de Tafraout en las montañas del Anti Atlas, Marruecos. La delgadez y el sobrepeso se definen, mediante el índice de masa corporal por debajo del percentil 5 y por encima del percentil 85, respectivamente, para la edad y (..) (AU)


Introduction: Malnutrition has physical and mental consequences for individuals, households and communities. However, there is a dearth of information on the nutritional status of adolescents in Morocco. Objective: This study was conducted to evaluate the nutritional status and blood pressure measurements of rural Berber schoolchildren from Anti Atlas Mountains in Morocco. Material and Methods: Height, weight, hip and waist circumference as well as blood pressure (BP) are measured on a sample of 152 rural Berber school adolescent aged 12-18 years from Tafraout city in the Anti Atlas Mountains, Morocco. Thinness and overweight were defined as a body mass index <5th percentile value and >85th percentile value for age-and sex-specific reference data from the WHO 2007 respectively. Stunting (..) (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Avaliação Nutricional , Estado Nutricional , Nutrição da Criança , Nutrição do Adolescente , Marrocos , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Transtornos da Nutrição Infantil/epidemiologia , Promoção da Saúde/tendências
18.
Nutr. clín. diet. hosp ; 32(supl.2): 65-69, 2012. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-106199

RESUMO

Introducción: En Marruecos la prevalencia de obesidad es más de tres veces superior en las mujeres que en los hombres. Sin embargo hay también problemas de desnutrición, especialmente en los niños de familias de bajo o medio ingreso. Objetivo: Evaluar la prevalencia de sobrepeso y obesidad en las amas de casa del noreste de Casa -blanca, Marruecos, y los marcadores de la desnutrición en sus niños determinando los factores involucrados. Material y métodos: Los participantes fueron seleccionados mediante un muestreo por conglomerados basado en el censo de 2004. La muestra contenía 160mujeres adultas que viven en el noreste de Casa -blanca. Sólo las mujeres no embarazadas adultos eran elegibles para este estudio. Peso corporal, talla, circunferencia de cintura y cadera, nivel educativo, estado civil, las horas que pasaban frente de la televisión y la frecuencia de consumo los alimentos fueron recolectados a través de un cuestionario. Resultados: La prevalencia de sobrepeso y obesidad fue del 35.2% y 43.8% respectivamente. La (..) (AU)


Introduction: In Morocco, obesity prevalence was more than 3 times higher among women than men. However, there are under nutrition too, especially in children from families with low and middle income. Objective: Evaluate the prevalence of overweight and obesity in urban housewives from north-east Casablanca, Morocco, and also the malnutrition among their children; and determine the factors involved. Material and methods: Participants were chosen using a cluster sampling based on the census of 2004.Data were obtained from 160 adult women living in (..) (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Transtornos Nutricionais/epidemiologia , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Comportamento Alimentar , Marrocos/epidemiologia , Nutrição da Criança , Mães/estatística & dados numéricos
19.
Nutr. clín. diet. hosp ; 32(supl.2): 70-75, 2012. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-106200

RESUMO

Introducción: Marruecos, como la mayoría de los países en desarrollo del mundo, ha sido objeto de importantes cambios demográficos, sociales y económicos durante las últimas cinco décadas, que han dando lugar a una transición epidemiológica y nutricional. Objetivo: Analizar la evolución del estado nutricional de la población marroquí. Material y métodos: Este informe se realiza para poner de relieve la tendencia de la desnutrición en Marruecos durante los últimos 50 años mediante la compilación de información de diferentes informes y publicaciones de diversas fuentes. Para tal fin se han empleado Estadísticas anuales e informes de la Oficina Nacional de Estadística, así como los datos de la Organización para la Alimentación y la Agricultura(FAO), Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS), UNICEF y las encuestas nacionales sobre la nutrición y la situación de salud de la población marroquí. Resultados y discusión: Durante los últimos 50 (..) (AU)


Introduction: Morocco, as most developing countries of the world, has undergone important demographic, social, and economic changes during the last five decades, leading to an epidemiologic and nutritional transition. Objective: To examines the evolution of nutritional status of Moroccan population. Material and methods: This report is performed to highlight the trend of malnutrition prevalence in Morocco during the last 50 years by compiling information from various reports and publications from several sources. Yearly statistics and reports from the National Statistical Office were used as well as data from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), World Health Organization (WHO), UNICEF and national surveys on the nutrition and health situation of the Moroccan population. Results and discussion: During the last 50 years, Morocco has had important demographic, nutritional and epidemiological changes. The demographic transition has occurred through a decrease in fecundity, an increase in life expectancy and changes in the age (..) (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Desnutrição/epidemiologia , Marrocos/epidemiologia , Transtornos Nutricionais/epidemiologia , Comportamento Alimentar
20.
Nutr. clín. diet. hosp ; 32(supl.2): 76-81, 2012. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-106201

RESUMO

Introducción: La malnutrición, con sus dos componentes de desnutrición proteico-energética y de deficiencia de micronutrientes, continúa siendo una importante carga sanitaria en los países en desarrollo. En Marruecos, la malnutrición todavía persiste a pesar de los programas de intervención que llevan desarrollándose desde hace más de 30 años .Objetivo: Analizar la tendencia de la desnutrición entre los niños menores de cinco años, durante los últimos 40 años. Material y métodos: Este estudio se basa en el análisis de los datos extraídos de las encuestas nacionales llevadas a cabo por el Ministerio Marroquí de Salud entre 1971 y 2004.Resultados y discusión: Las estadísticas recopiladas en los últimos cuatro decenios han demostrado que el estado de desnutrición, entendido como bajo (..) (AU)


Introduction: Malnutrition, with its two constituents of protein–energy malnutrition and micronutrient deficiencies, continues to be a major health burden in developing countries. In Morocco, malnutrition still persists in spite of the fact that the programs against malnutrition have been initiated for more than30 years. Objective: The aim of this study is to analyze a trend of under nutrition among children under fiveyears during the last 40 years. Methods: This study is based on the analysis of data survey conducted by the Moroccan Ministry of Health between 1971 and 2004. Results and discussion: The statistics compiled over the last four decades have shown that the state of underweight expected by low Weight-for-Age (<-2 standard deviation (SD) of the National Center for Health Statistics/World Health Organization international reference population) has declined more than 4 times and (..) (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Transtornos da Nutrição Infantil/epidemiologia , Comportamento Alimentar , Marrocos/epidemiologia , Transtornos Nutricionais/epidemiologia , Comportamento Alimentar , Peso-Estatura
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