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1.
Enferm. clín. (Ed. impr.) ; 30(1): 23-30, ene.-feb. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-186280

RESUMO

Objetivo: Nuestro objetivo es investigar la relación entre calidad de vida, síntomas psicopatológicos y formas de afrontamiento en el personal de enfermería en dos hospitales generales en Grecia. Método: Estudio transversal con 302 profesionales de enfermería de dos hospitales generales en Grecia realizado entre octubre y noviembre de 2015. La recopilación de los datos se realizó mediante tres cuestionarios: el cuestionario calidad de vida, versión breve (BREF) de la Organización Mundial de la Salud; el cuestionario de autoevaluación de Falk para la detección de posibles comorbilidades psiquiátricas, y la escala de formas de afrontamiento de situaciones estresantes. Resultados: De una muestra de 302 enfermeras, cuanto peor era la salud mental y física del personal de enfermería, más se deterioró su calidad de vida en todos los aspectos (físico, psicológico, social y ambiental) (p < 0,001; p = 0,047; p = 0,001). Además, mientras las puntuaciones en las estrategias de afrontamiento «enfoque positivo-reevaluación positiva», «enfoque positivo-solución de problemas» y «enfoque positivo (en general)» van aumentando, la puntuación en la escala general es cada vez menor; en concreto, la salud general de los empleados va mejorando. Conclusión: Las estrategias de afrontamiento, como el enfoque positivo, mejoraron la salud general de los profesionales de enfermería. Por el contrario, su salud mental se deterioró cuando adoptaron las estrategias ilusiones/ensueño y/o escape/evitación. Finalmente, como la salud general va empeorando, su calidad de vida se ve afectada en todas las dimensiones, mientras que la mala salud mental de las enfermeras se asoció con una menor calidad de vida con respecto a las dimensiones física y psicológica


Objective: Our aim was to investigate the relationship of quality of life, psychopathological symptoms and ways of coping of nursing staff in two General Hospitals in Greece. Method: This was a cross-sectional study of 302 nurses in two General Hospitals in Greece between October and November of 2015. Data collection was performed using three questionnaires: the World Health Organisation Quality Of Life BREF; the Falk Self-Reporting Questionnaire for the detection of possible psychiatric comorbidity, and the Ways of Coping Scale for Stressful Situations. Results: From a sample of 302 nurses, the poorer the mental and physical health of the nursing staff, the more their quality of life was impaired in all dimensions (physical, psychological, social and environmental) (P < .001, P = .047, P = .001). Also, while the scores in coping strategies "positive approach-positive reappraisal", "positive approach-problem solving" and "positive approach (overall)" rose, the score in the General Scale dropped; in other words, the employees' general health improved. Conclusion: Coping strategies such as positive approach, improved the nurses' general health. In contrast, their mental health deteriorated when they adopted the wishful thinking/daydream and/or the escape/avoidance strategies. Finally, as their general health worsened, their quality of life was impaired in all dimensions, whereas poor mental health of nurses was associated with lower quality of life in the physical and psychological dimensions


Assuntos
Humanos , Psicopatologia , Qualidade de Vida , Adaptação Psicológica , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Estresse Psicológico , Grécia , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Saúde Mental
3.
Gac. sanit. (Barc., Ed. impr.) ; 33(3): 263-267, mayo-jun. 2019. tab, mapas
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-183747

RESUMO

Objective: Until 2016, around 3 million persons had limited access to health care in Greece due to the economic crisis. We describe a massive solidarity movement of community clinics and pharmacies in Greece. Method: We conducted a survey in 2014-15 and describe the characteristics of community clinics and pharmacies spontaneously established all over Greece after 2008. Results: A characteristic of the 92 active solidarity clinics is autonomous collective functioning, free services, and funding from non-governmental sources. The largest clinics examined more than 500 uninsured or partly insured patients per month. Clinics covered a wide range of clinical and preventive services. Funding, availability of drugs, vaccines, medical material and their legal status were the main problems identified. The solidarity movement involved thousands of health professionals covering essential population needs. Conclusions: The community outpatient clinics were an outstanding example of solidarity and temporarily alleviated the health needs of a large part of the population


Objetivo: Hasta 2016, alrededor de 3 millones de personas tenían acceso limitado a la atención médica en Grecia debido a la crisis económica. Describimos un movimiento masivo de solidaridad de clínicas comunitarias y farmacias en Grecia. Métodos: Realizamos una encuesta en 2014-15 y describimos las características de las clínicas comunitarias y de las farmacias espontáneamente establecidas en toda Grecia después de 2008. Resultados: Una característica de las 92 clínicas solidarias activas es el funcionamiento colectivo autónomo, con servicios gratuitos y financiación de fuentes no gubernamentales. Las clínicas más grandes examinaron más de 500 pacientes no asegurados o parcialmente asegurados por mes. Las clínicas cubrieron una amplia gama de servicios clínicos y preventivos. La financiación, la disponibilidad de medicamentos, vacunas y material médico, y su estado legal, son los principales problemas identificados. El movimiento de solidaridad involucró a miles de profesionales de la salud que cubrieron las necesidades esenciales de la población. Conclusiones: Las clínicas ambulatorias comunitarias fueron un ejemplo de solidaridad y aliviaron temporalmente las necesidades de salud de una gran parte de la población


Assuntos
Humanos , Solidariedade , Assistência à Saúde/métodos , Instituições de Assistência Ambulatorial/organização & administração , Mudança Social , Grécia/epidemiologia , Recessão Econômica , Resolução de Problemas , Políticas Públicas de Saúde , Organizações/organização & administração , Setor Privado/organização & administração , Colaboração Intersetorial
4.
Allergol. immunopatol ; 47(3): 209-213, mayo-jun. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-186479

RESUMO

Introduction: There is accumulated evidence supporting a beneficial role of Mediterranean diet (MD) in the control of asthma symptoms. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationships between adherence to MD and serum levels of certain cytokines namely, interleukin (IL)-4, and IL-17 known to have a pathogenetic role in the airway changes associated with asthma. Methods: We measured serum IL-4, IL-33, and IL-17, in 44 asthmatic and 26 healthy children, 5-15 years old. Their adherence to MD was estimated with the Mediterranean Diet Quality Index for children and adolescents (KIDMED) score. Results: KIDMED score did not differ between the two groups (P = 0.59) and was not correlated with any of the three measured cytokines. However, when the analysis was restricted only to asthmatic children, the KIDMED score was correlated with IL-4, IL-33, and IL-17 (Beta: -0.56, P = 0.007; Beta: 0.57, P = 0.010; Beta: -0.62, P = 0.017, respectively). Conclusion: Our results indicate that MD can modulate the production of some of the main inflammatory mediators of asthma, in asthmatic children


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Asma/dietoterapia , Dieta Mediterrânea , Cooperação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Asma/epidemiologia , Grécia/epidemiologia , Mediadores da Inflamação/sangue , Interleucina-17/sangue , Interleucina-4/sangue , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
Allergol. immunopatol ; 47(3): 260-264, mayo-jun. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-186487

RESUMO

Aim: To prospectively evaluate interferences between viruses of the upper respiratory tract in asymptomatic preschool children. Methods: Nasal-pharyngeal swabs from 233 preschool aged children were prospectively collected over four consecutive time periods, during one school year. The samples were tested using a RT-PCR DNA/RNA microarray system for nine respiratory viruses. Results: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) was a predictor of the presence of influenza virus (INFL) (OR: 9.12, CI: 1.52-54.75, p = 0.016), and similarly, INFL predicted the presence of RSV (OR: 4.01, CI: 1.14-14.16, p = 0.030). Also, rhinovirus (RV) was a predictor of adenovirus (ADV) presence (OR: 3.66, CI: 1.10-12.14, p = 0.034), and similarly, ADV predicted the presence of RV (OR: 4.05, CI: 1.02-16.05, p = 0.046). No other significant associations between viruses were observed. Conclusion: Our results indicate that respiratory viruses found in carrier stage in asymptomatic children may interact with other viruses and even facilitate their settling in the upper respiratory tract. The pathophysiological role of these interactions is not yet clear


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Adenoviridae/fisiologia , Infecções por Adenoviridae/epidemiologia , Resfriado Comum/epidemiologia , Influenza Humana/epidemiologia , Orthomyxoviridae/fisiologia , Vírus Sinciciais Respiratórios/fisiologia , Infecções por Vírus Respiratório Sincicial/epidemiologia , Infecções Respiratórias/epidemiologia , Rhinovirus/fisiologia , Infecções por Adenoviridae/diagnóstico , Doenças Assintomáticas , Resfriado Comum/diagnóstico , Grécia/epidemiologia , Influenza Humana/diagnóstico , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Infecções por Vírus Respiratório Sincicial/diagnóstico , Infecções Respiratórias/diagnóstico
6.
Nutr. hosp ; 35(6): 1275-1286, nov.-dic. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-181467

RESUMO

Background: physical fitness is a powerfull indicator of the health coindition in childhood, adolescence and adulthood. This research is performed in order to determine the age and gender stratified reference values for healthy physical fitness for Macodonian children and adolescents and to identify signicicant gender differences. Methods: a descriptive cross-sectional and population-based study examined the physical fitness among a random and large national representative sample of schoolchildren aged six to 14 years in Macedonia. A sample of 9,241 children and adolescents (4,716 boys and 4,525 girls) was assessed by the EUROFIT fitness test battery. The LMS statistical method was used. Results: smoothed gender and age-specific percentiles for the physical fitness tests in boys and girls aged six to 14 years are reported and expressed as both tabulated and curves values (P5, P10, P25, P50, P75, P90, P95). Figures showed greater physical fitness levels in boys, except for the sit-and-reach test, in which girls performed slightly better. There was also a trend towards increased physical fitness levels as the age increased in both boys and girls. Conclusion: the percentile values provided will enable the correct interpretation and monitoring of fitness status of Macedonion children


Antecedentes: la aptitud física es un poderoso indicador del estado de salud en la infancia, la adolescencia y la edad adulta. La investigación se realizó con el fin de determinar los valores de referencia de una aptitud física saludable estratificados por edad y género para niños y adolescentes de Macedonia, así como para identificar diferencias significativas entre géneros. Métodos: mediante un estudio descriptivo de corte transversal y basado en la población se examinó la condición física de una muestra representativa nacional aleatoria y amplia de escolares de seis a 14 años de Macedonia. Se evaluó una muestra de 9.241 niños y adolescentes (4.716 niños y 4.525 niñas) mediante la batería de pruebas de aptitud física de EUROFIT. Se utilizó el método estadístico LMS. Resultados: se informaron los percentiles suavizados de género y edad para las pruebas de aptitud física en niños y niñas de seis a 14 años y se expresaron como valores tabulados y de curvas (P5, P10, P25, P50, P75, P90, P95). Las cifras mostraron mayores niveles de aptitud física en los niños, a excepción de la prueba sit and reach, en la cual las niñas obtuvieron resultados ligeramente mejores. También se observó una tendencia al aumento de los niveles de aptitud física a medida que aumentaba la edad tanto en niños como en niñas. Conclusión: los valores percentiles proporcionados permitirán la correcta interpretación y monitoreo del estado físico de los niños macedonios


Assuntos
Criança , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Teste de Esforço/métodos , Aptidão Física/fisiologia , Fatores Etários , Antropometria , Composição Corporal , Estudos Transversais , Grécia , Nível de Saúde , Valores de Referência , Fatores Sexuais , Estudantes
7.
Nutr. hosp ; 35(6): 1331-1339, nov.-dic. 2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-181474

RESUMO

The "Century XXI" Project is a seven-year intervention sport program performed among the best Spanish youth basketball players, who were assigned to one of the following intervention groups based on the following criteria: age, position, mature level, and origin in the country. The study was performed (1996-2001) with a total of 90 players. The main purposes of this study were: a) to describe anthropometric and performance characteristics of top youth international male basketballers in the Spanish national academy; and b) to analyze differences among positions. In summary, the main findings of this study were: a) the anthropometry presented significant differences between groups under (U-) 14 and U-17; and b) in the U-17 group centers presented more arm span. In our study, the most significant changes are in U-16 vs U-14 and U-15 in strength body up values, and the best result in endurance capacity took place in June of the fourth year. Within this context, the results of the present study may be useful for strength and conditioning coaches to plan their programs with youth basketball players


El Proyecto Siglo XXI es un programa deportivo de intervención de siete años realizado con los mejores jugadores de baloncesto juveniles españoles, que fueron asignados a uno de los siguientes grupos de intervención según los siguientes criterios: edad, posición, nivel de madurez y origen en el país. El estudio se realizó entre 1996 y 2001 con un total de 90 jugadores. Por ello, el propósito principal de este estudio fue: a) describir las características antropométricas y de rendimiento de los jugadores; y b) analizar las diferencias de los jugadores en diferentes roles posicionales en el programa de intervención. Los principales hallazgos de este estudio fueron: a) la antropometría presentó diferencias significativas entre los grupos U-14 y U-17; y b) en la medida que los jugadores crecieron, observamos más longitud del brazo. En nuestro estudio, los cambios más significativos se dan en U-16 vs U-14 y U-15 en valores de fuerza y el mejor resultado en la capacidad de resistencia tuvo lugar en junio del 4º año. Los resultados del presente estudio pueden ser útiles para los entrenadores y preparadores físicos para planificar sus programas con jugadores de baloncesto de categorías inferiores en planes a largo plazo


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Teste de Esforço/métodos , Aptidão Física/fisiologia , Fatores Etários , Antropometria , Composição Corporal , Estudos Transversais , Grécia , Estado Nutricional , Valores de Referência , Fatores Sexuais , Estudantes
8.
Eur. j. anat ; 22(5): 397-402, sept. 2018. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-179809

RESUMO

The fovea capitis femoris receives the distal attachment of the ligamentum teres femoris. Although recent research has shown that the latter may have a number of functions including mechanical stability to the hip joint, there is little published information on the morphological variation of the fovea capitis femoris. The present study investigates the morphological variation of the fovea capitis femoris with respect to sex and age. Morphometric properties were recorded from both left and right femurs of 212 individuals from the Athens skeletal collection. The fovea capitis femoris was photographed en face with a reference scale and a polyline outlining its boundary edges was extracted. Two shape variables and three size variables of the fovea capitis femoris were calculated and used in the morphological analysis. Two variables, one size and one shape variable, exhibited bilateral asymmetry. The sexual dimorphism of fovea capitis femoris is attributed to size variables, while at the same time there are age-related changes in its shape. The fovea capitis area and the fovea capitis maximum diameter have significant higher values in males, while the perimeter of fovea capitis tends to have a more irregular shape in older individuals. However, fovea capitis femoris cannot be used for age estimation or sex determination of a human skeleton


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Cabeça do Fêmur/anatomia & histologia , Variação Anatômica , Grécia , Caracteres Sexuais , Determinação do Sexo pelo Esqueleto/métodos
9.
Allergol. immunopatol ; 46(4): 389-393, jul.-ago. 2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-177871

RESUMO

Background: Obstructive respiratory disorders, such as allergic rhinitis and asthma may impair sleep quality. The aim of this study is to validate the Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ) for Greek children from 6 to 14 years of age. No validated tool has been developed so far to assess sleep disturbances in Greek school-aged children. Methods: We examined the reliability and validity of the CSHQ in a sample of children with allergic rhinitis (AR) and a non-clinical population of parents of these children as a proxy measure of children's AR quality of life (QoL) as evaluated by the Pediatric Allergic Rhinitis Quality of Life (PedARQoL) questionnaire. Results: The CSHQ questionnaire Child's Form (CF) had a moderate internal consistency with a Cronbach's alpha 0.671 and Guttman split-half coefficient of 0.563 when correlated with the PedARQoL (CF). There was also a moderate intraclass correlation of ICC = 0.505 between the responses to both questionnaires in the two visits. The CSHQ Parent's Form (PF) had a very good internal consistency with a Cronbach's alpha of 0.928 and Guttman split-half coefficient of 0.798. There was a high intraclass correlation of 0.643 between the responses in the two visits. Conclusions: The Greek version of the CSHQ CF, but particularly the PF has proved to be a very reliable clinical instrument, which can be used in clinical trials for assessing sleep quality in school-aged children with sleep disturbances because of obstructive airway disorders, such as AR


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Qualidade de Vida , Rinite Alérgica/complicações , Sono , Grécia , Psicometria , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
Cuad. psiquiatr. psicoter. niño adolesc ; 2(65,cong): 13-15, ene.-jun. 2018. tab
Artigo em Francês | IBECS | ID: ibc-173935

RESUMO

Le Service de la Santé Mentale pour les enfants et les adolescents, qui fait partie de la Clinique Psychiatrique de l'Université d'Athènes, en collaboration avec l'Organisation à but non lucratif qui se nomme « Renaissance et Progrès » et son Equipe Médical Mobile participe à l'intervention pour la promotion des soins de santé primaires aux îles périphériques et isolées de la mer d'Égée en Grèce. Les îles périphériques et isolées sont 33 et sont résidées par 55000 habitats de tous âges, parmi eux environs 5000 enfants et ados. Dans les îles qui se trouvent à la frontière de la mer d'Egée, existe des Centres de Santé qui ou il y a des médecins qui font leur internat sans spécialité et parfois avec eux il y a une infirmière, mais ils sont insuffisants pour répondre aux besoins des résidents. Au niveau psychologique, sociale et soins psychiatrique d'enfant il n'y a aucun soin. Les enfants et leurs familles sont obligés de voyager aux grandes îles qui sont proches, ou à la Capitale où ils peuvent faire de consultation psychologique et avoir un diagnostic mais ne peuvent pas avoir un traitement


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Criança , Serviços de Saúde da Criança/organização & administração , Serviços de Saúde do Adolescente/organização & administração , Serviços de Saúde Mental/organização & administração , Transtornos do Neurodesenvolvimento/epidemiologia , Grécia/epidemiologia , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos
11.
Allergol. immunopatol ; 46(1): 24-30, ene.-feb. 2018. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-170784

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the relationship between meteorological factors in North-western Greece and the incidence of bronchiolitis. Methods: Meteorological data (air temperature and rainfall) for Ioannina city in North-western Greece and medical data from hospitalised patients at University Hospital of Ioannina were collected between January 2002 and December 2013. The association between meteorological factors and rate of hospitalisation due to bronchiolitis was investigated. The data processing was done using the Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient and applying the chi-square test at contingency tables of the parameters. Results: Of the 792 hospitalised cases, 670 related to infants (<1 year) and 122 concerned patients aged 1-2 years old. The disease is more common among boys (59.5%) than girls (40.5%). The disease course through the year has a double variation with a main maximum in March and a main minimum in August. The statistical study showed statistically significant correlation of bronchiolitis with: (a) the temperature parameters on an annual basis; (b) precipitation in autumn and dryness in spring; and (c) with sudden changes in diurnal temperature range on an annual basis. Conclusion: A peak incidence of bronchiolitis was noticed in cold and wet seasons during the five days preceding hospitalization (AU)


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Lactente , Bronquiolite/epidemiologia , Infecções Respiratórias/epidemiologia , Bronquiolite Viral/epidemiologia , Grécia/epidemiologia , Modalidades Meteorológicas , Estudos Retrospectivos , Distribuição por Idade e Sexo , Criança Hospitalizada/estatística & dados numéricos
15.
Endocrinol. nutr. (Ed. impr.) ; 63(7): 320-326, ago.-sept. 2016. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-155099

RESUMO

Background & objective: Diabetes knowledge has been shown to improve glycemic control and associate with several demographic parameters. In Greece, a country with high obesity rates, disease knowledge has never been evaluated in diabetic patients. This cross sectional study aimed to assess diabetes knowledge and its associations between social and demographic parameters, among Greek type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. Methods One hundred fifty nine patients with T2DM were recruited from an urban and a rural clinic in Greece. Diabetes knowledge was assessed with the Brief Diabetes Knowledge Test (DKT). Basic anthropometry was performed. Data regarding glycemic control and sociodemographic characteristics were collected from the patients’ medical files. Results: Greek T2DM patients demonstrated poor disease knowledge (mean DKT score 8.3±2.2/14.0 and mean DKT as a percent of correct answers 59.6±15.8%). No differences were observed between sex, place of residence, or glycemic control, among subjects. Patients with higher education demonstrated greater diabetes knowledge. Simple obesity with concurrent central obesity or suboptimal glycemic control decreased diabetes knowledge among participants. Additionally, waist circumference was inversely correlated to diabetes knowledge. Conclusions: Based on the DKT, Greek patients exhibit poor diabetes knowledge. This study provides evidence for the need for better diabetes education in order to ameliorate disease outcome (AU)


Antecedentes y objetivo: Se ha demostrado que el conocimiento de la diabetes mejora el control de la glucemia y se asocia con varias características demográficas. En Grecia, un país con tasas de obesidad elevadas, no se ha evaluado nunca el conocimiento de la diabetes de quienes la sufren. El objetivo de este estudio transversal es valorar el conocimiento de la diabetes y su asociación con parámetros sociales y demográficos en los pacientes griegos con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 (DMT2). Métodos: Se reclutaron a 159 pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 (DMT2) de una consulta urbana y otra rural de Grecia. El conocimiento de la diabetes se valoró mediante el Brief Diabetes Knowledge Test (DKT). Se recogieron datos antropométricos básicos. Los datos sobre el control de la glucemia y las características sociodemográficas se recogieron de los historiales médicos de los pacientes. Resultados: Los pacientes griegos con DMT2 mostraron un conocimiento deficiente de la enfermedad (puntuación DKT media de 8,3±2,2/14,0 y DKT media como porcentaje de respuestas correctas 59,6±15,8%). No se observaron diferencias entre los sujetos en función del sexo, del lugar de residencia ni del control de la glucemia. Los pacientes con mayor grado de educación mostraron mayor conocimiento de la diabetes. La obesidad simple con obesidad central o control subóptimo de la glucemia concurrente coincidía con un menor conocimiento de la diabetes por los participantes. Además, había una relación inversa entre el perímetro de la cintura y el conocimiento de la diabetes. Conclusiones: Basándose en el DKT, los pacientes griegos tienen un conocimiento deficiente de la diabetes. Este estudio demuestra la necesidad de una mejor educación sobre la diabetes para mejorar la evolución de la enfermedad (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/organização & administração , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Grécia/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Autocuidado
17.
Allergol. immunopatol ; 43(4): 353-360, jul.-ago. 2015. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-139361

RESUMO

Background: Antioxidant intake changes have been implicated with the increase in asthma and allergies outcomes, but no clear association has been revealed. In this cross sectional study, the overall effect of antioxidants on asthma and allergic diseases was studied. Methods: Data from the cohorts of the phase II ISAAC survey (2023 children 9–10 years old) in two metropolitan Greek cities were analysed. Using a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire, an Antioxidant Eating Index (AEI, range 0–6) was created with the pro-antioxidant (vegetables, fruits, fresh juice, fish) and the non-antioxidant (meat, burgers) food intake and was evaluated with allergic diseases. Higher values of the score suggest closer to an “antioxidant” and lesser to a “saturated fatty” diet. Results. Prevalence of lifetime and current asthma, current rhinitis and sensitisation were higher in Thessaloniki compared to Athens. The AEI score of the entire cohort was 4.2 ± 1.2 (median 4.0) and was higher in Athens compared to Thessaloniki (4.3 ± 1.2 vs. 4.0 ± 1.2, p = 0.001) and in girls than boys (4.3 ± 1.1 vs. 4.0 ± 1.2, p = 0.001). AEI was inversely associated with lifetime asthma (OR: 0.87, 95%CI 0.77, 0.99) in either cities independently of other cofounders such as family history, sensitisation, exercise, house smoking, breast feeding, pet or dampness in houses. No association with other allergic disease or sensitisation was detected. Conclusion. Antioxidant foods seem to be a non-pharmacological, protective dietary pattern for asthma development in children irrespectively of atopy or heredity; AEI was a rough indicator and the role of antioxidants in allergic diseases is still under consideration (AU)


No disponible


Assuntos
Criança , Humanos , Antioxidantes/efeitos adversos , Hipersensibilidade Alimentar/imunologia , Hipersensibilidade Imediata/imunologia , Asma/imunologia , Grécia/epidemiologia , Comportamento Alimentar , Rinite Alérgica/imunologia , Eczema/imunologia , Testes de Irritação da Pele
18.
Eur. j. psychiatry ; 28(1): 39-49, ene.-mar. 2014. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-124516

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: Economic adverse conditions are acknowledged as having a major impact on the exacerbation of mental disorders and suicides. The severity of current European crisis and the local unrelenting spending is affecting largely the economy of Greece. Methods: The aim of this study was to explore changes in suicides and their possible association with macroeconomic and behavioural factors. Data for the period 1990-2011 were drawn mainly from the Hellenic Statistical Authority and Eurostat. Suicide mortality rates were correlated with economic and behavioural factors.Results: Suicide mortality rates were increased by 55.8% between 2007 and 2011 while the total mortality was increased by 1.1% only. Significantly increasing trends in public debt, unemployment rates, consumption of daily units of antidepressants as well as divorces per 1000, homicides per 100,000 and persons with HIV per 100,000 were also observed. Suicides have been found to bear strong correlation with unemployment (r. 0.64). Significant associations were also found between suicide mortality and the percentage of public debt as percentage of GDP, the incidence of infections from HIV and homicides. Conclusions: People suffering from income and job losses, living in a demoralized social state caused by severe austerity measures and restrictive health policies, are exposed to risks for developing depression or commit suicide (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Suicídio/estatística & dados numéricos , Causalidade , Recessão Econômica/estatística & dados numéricos , Desemprego/psicologia , Grécia/epidemiologia , Antidepressivos/uso terapêutico , Transtorno Depressivo/epidemiologia
19.
Endocrinol. nutr. (Ed. impr.) ; 60(9): 507-512, nov. 2013. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-117447

RESUMO

Objetivo Notificar una prevalencia piloto de sobrepeso, obesidad y bajo peso maternos en condados griegos seleccionados. Métodos Para este estudio transversal se reclutó a un total de 441 mujeres adultas fértiles de maternidades de seis condados griegos. El estado ponderal (..) (AU)


Objective To report a pilot prevalence of maternal overweight, obesity and underweight in selected Greek counties. Methods A total of 441 adult childbearing women were recruited from maternity clinics in 6 Greek counties for this cross-sectional study. Pre-gravid weight status was defined according to the WHO cut-offs and gravid weight status was diagnosed with the Mardones and Rosso weight gain chart. Results During gestation the majority of the participants were of normal body weight (BW) (34.0%), obesity was apparent in 25.6% of the sample, 23.8% of the participants were underweight, and the remaining 16.6% were overweight. Overall, pregnancy tripled the prevalence of underweight, increased the prevalence of obesity (by 388.0%) and decreased the number of participants in the normal BW category (p ¡Ü 0.001 for all). The majority of participants classified in each pre-gravid weight-category remained in the same weight category during their gestation. All the (..) (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Perda de Peso , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Grécia/epidemiologia
20.
Cult. cuid ; 17(35): 26-41, ene.-abr. 2013. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-112421

RESUMO

En este artículo realizamos una síntesis biográfica del médico gaditano Rodolfo del Castillo y Quartiellers (1845-1917), afamado oftalmólogo del positivismo médico español, presentando además un estudio sobre sus principales publicaciones en el terreno de la historiografía médica de la Antigüedad, destacando sus trabajos sobre el Código de Hammurabi olas medicinas egipcia, griega y romana (AU)


This paper intends to be a biographic summary of Rodolfo del Castillo-Quartiellers (1845-1917), a famous ophthalmologist from Cadiz and renowned follower of Spanish medical positivism tendencies. A particular analysis of his major publications in the field of medical historiography in antiquity is also presented, focusing on his study about the Code of Hammurabi as well as on Egiptian, Greek and Roman medicines (AU)


Neste artigo, vamos fazer uma breve biografia de Cádiz médico Rodolfo del Castillo e Quartiellers (1845-1917), o positivismo oftalmologista famoso médico espanhol, apresentando também um estudo de suas principais publicações no campo da historiografia médica da antiguidade, destacando o seu trabalho sobre o Código de Hamurabi ou egípcia medicamentos, grega e romana (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , História da Medicina , Oftalmologia/história , Historiografia , Egito , Grécia , Roma
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