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1.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(1): 165-175, Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056416

RESUMO

An alternative hyper-ovulator inducer to replace clomiphene citrate (CC) is needed as it is unsuitable for women with polycystic ovarian syndrome and is associated with low pregnancy rates. Anastrozole is an effective hyper-ovulator inducer, but has not been well researched. In order to determine the effectiveness of anastrozole as a hyper-ovulator inducer and to an extent compare it with CC in similar situations, this study ascertained the effects of these drugs on the expression of the focal adhesion proteins, paxillin and FAK, which are uterine receptivity markers in the surface luminal uterine epithelial cells of day 1 and day 6 pregnant Wistar rats. The results show that paxillin is localized in focal adhesions at the base of the uterine epithelial cells at day 1 of pregnancy whereas at day 6, paxillin disassembles from the basal focal adhesions and localizes and increases its expression apically. FAK is faintly expressed at the basal aspect of the uterine epithelial cells while moderately expressed at the cell-to-cell contact at day 1 in all groups from where it disassembles and relocates apically and becomes more intensely expressed at day 6 of pregnancy in untreated and anastrozole treated rats. Although paxillin is localized apically at day 6, its expression is significantly down-regulated with CC treatment suggesting its interference with the implantation process. These findings seem to suggest that anastrozole could favor implantation.


Para reemplazar el citrato de clomifeno (CC) es necesario un inductor de hiperovulación alternativo, ya que no es adecuado para mujeres con síndrome de ovario poliquístico y está asociado con tasas bajas de embarazo. El anastrozol es un inductor eficaz del hiper-ovulador, pero no se ha investigado adecuadamente. Con el fin de determinar la efectividad del anastrozol como inductor del hiper-ovulador y, en cierta medida, compararlo con CC en situaciones similares, este estudio determinó los efectos de estos fármacos en la expresión de las proteínas de adhesión focal, paxillin y FAK, uterinas marcadores de receptividad en la superficie luminal de células uterinas epiteliales, del día 1 y día 6 en ratas Wistar preñadas. Los resultados muestran que la paxilina se localiza en adherencias focales en la base de las células epiteliales uterinas en el día 1 del embarazo, mientras que en el día 6, la paxilina se desmonta de las adherencias focales basales y localiza y aumenta su expresión apicalmente. FAK se expresa débilmente en el aspecto basal de las células epiteliales uterinas, mientras que se expresa moderadamente en el contacto de célula a célula en el día 1 en todos los grupos, donde se separa y se reubica apicalmente y se expresa con mayor intensidad el día 6 de la preñez, en pacientes no tratados y tratados. ratas tratadas con anastrozol. Aunque la paxillina se localiza apicalmente en el día 6, su expresión está significativamente disminuida con el tratamiento con CC, lo que sugiere su interferencia con el proceso de implantación. Estos hallazgos sugieren que el anastrozol podría favorecer el proceso de implantación.


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Ratos , Útero/efeitos dos fármacos , Anastrozol/farmacologia , Ovulação/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos Wistar , Adesões Focais/efeitos dos fármacos , Epitélio/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína-Tirosina Quinases de Adesão Focal/efeitos dos fármacos , Paxilina/efeitos dos fármacos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Microscopia de Fluorescência
2.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 78(1): 22-26, jan.-fev. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-990789

RESUMO

Resumo Objetivo: Na presença de uma córnea irregular, como no queratocone, o epitélio tem uma distribuição diferente do normal, "mascarando" a irregularidade do estroma. A avaliação topográfica sem considerar o efeito do epitélio pode induzir uma avaliação menos correta, afetando a precisão de um eventual tratamento guiado por topografia. O objetivo deste trabalho é avaliar o efeito de "máscara" do epitélio no queratocone, comparando a tomografia corneana com e sem epitélio, no decurso da realização de Crosslinking (CXL). Métodos: Cinco olhos de 5 doentes com queratocone em progressão submetidos a CXL segundo o protocolo original de Dresden. Foi realizada tomografia corneana antes e durante o procedimento (imediatamente após a remoção do epitélio), e avaliados os valores da queratometria - K1, K2, K médio (Km), ponto de máxima curvatura (Kmax), valores paquimétricos e astigmatismo corneano. Resultados: Os valores médios de curvatura corneanas antes e após a remoção do epitélio foram de: K1: 43,50 ± 2,54D e 44,32±2,64D (p=0,080); K2: 46,64±2,35D e 49,38±2,86D (p=0,043); Km: 45,48±2,42D e 46,72±2,60D (p=0,042). Observou-se igualmente um aumento estatisticamente significativo do valor de queratometria máxima após a remoção do epitélio (p=0,043). Na paquimetria central observou-se uma redução média de 26,8µm de 524,8±33,0µm para 498,2±37,7µm (p= 0,042). Conclusão: Observou-se um aumento estatisticamente significativo nos valores do Kmax, K2, e Kmédio após remoção do epitélio. Este estudo demonstra o efeito de "máscara" que o epitélio exerce no queratocone.


Abstract Objective: In the presence of an irregular cornea, like in keratoconus, the corneal epithelium has a different profile "masking" the irregular corneal stroma surface. Topographical analysis without considering the epithelium effect can result in an incorrect assessment, affecting the accuracy of any topography guided treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the "masking" effect of the corneal epithelium on corneal curvature in patients with keratoconus, comparing topographical findings before and after removal of the epithelium during Crosslinking (CXL). Methods: Five eyes of 5 patients with progressive keratoconus submitted to CXL according to the original Dresden protocol. Corneal topography was performed before and during the procedure (immediately after epithelium removal) and values of keratometry: K1, K2, mean K (Km), maximum corneal apical curvature (Kmax), corneal thickness and corneal astigmatism were evaluated. Results: The average values of corneal curvature before and after epithelial remove were: K1: 43.50±2.54D and 44.32±2,64D (p=0.080); K2 46.64±2,35D and 49.38±2,86D (p=0.043); Km 45.48±2.42D and 46.72±2.60D (p=0.042). It was also observed a significant increase in the maximum values of corneal apical curvature after removal of the epithelium (p=0.043). In central corneal thickness there was seen a reduction of 26.8µm from 524.8±33.0µm to 498.2±37.7µm (p = 0.042). Conclusion: There was seen a significant increase in the values of Kmax, K2 and mean K. This study demonstrates the masking effect of corneal epithelium on corneal curvature in keratoconus.


Assuntos
Humanos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Topografia da Córnea , Reagentes para Ligações Cruzadas , Ceratocone/diagnóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Córnea/cirurgia , Epitélio/cirurgia
3.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 33(3): 382-388, jul.-set. 2018. ilus
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-965592

RESUMO

Introdução: O ceratoacantoma é uma neoplasia epitelial de rápido crescimento, mais frequente em áreas de exposição solar. Habitualmente, apresenta-se como lesão única, arredondada, com depressão central preenchida de queratina. As semelhanças clínicas e histopatológicas com o carcinoma de células escamosas, frequentemente, dificultam o diagnóstico diferencial. A biópsia excisional é a abordagem de escolha, permitindo diagnóstico e tratamento. Método: O presente estudo é observacional e retrospectivo, com dados de 162 pacientes tratados de 2005 a 2013, no Hospital Felício Rocho, em Belo Horizonte, MG. Todos os pacientes submeteram-se à excisão cirúrgica dos tumores. Foram estudados: sexo, idade, número de lesões, localização, tamanho do tumor e diagnóstico pré-operatório. Resultados: Dos 162 pacientes, totalizando 173 lesões, 154 (95,06%) apresentavam ceratoacantoma único. Noventa e dois eram do gênero masculino (56,80%) e 70 do feminino (43,20%). A idade dos pacientes variou de 11 a 96 anos, com média de 71,23 anos. As lesões localizavam-se predominantemente nos membros superiores (43,64%), na face (28,48%) e nos membros inferiores (17,58%). Nas hipóteses diagnósticas formuladas pelos cirurgiões, no pedido do exame anatomopatológico, houve diagnóstico correto em 63,13%. Conclusão: O ceratoacantoma é uma neoplasia epitelial de características morfológicas semelhantes ao carcinoma de células escamosas, o que, por muitas vezes, dificulta o diagnóstico. Torna-se necessária, portanto, a excisão cirúrgica completa das lesões suspeitas para diagnóstico e tratamento corretos.


Introduction: Keratoacanthoma is an epithelial neoplasm of rapid growth, more frequent in areas of sun exposure, and usually appears as a single, rounded lesion with a central depression filled with keratin. Clinical and histopathological similarities with squamous cell carcinoma often make differential diagnosis difficult. Excisional biopsy is the approach of choice, allowing diagnosis and treatment. Method: This is an observational and retrospective study, in which data of 162 patients treated at the Hospital Felício Rocho from 2005 to 2013, in Belo Horizonte, MG, were analyzed. All patients underwent surgical excision of tumors. Data on sex, age, number of lesions, location, tumor size, and preoperative diagnosis were studied. Results: Of the 162 patients, with a total of 173 lesions, only 154 (95.06%) had keratoacanthoma. There were 92 male (56.80%) and 70 female (43.20%) patients. The age of patients ranged from 11 to 96 years, with an average of 71.23 years. The lesions were located predominantly in the upper limbs (43.64%), face (28.48%), and lower limbs (17.58%). In the diagnostic hypotheses formulated by surgeons at the request of the pathology, the diagnosis was correct in 63.13%. Conclusion: Keratoacanthoma is an epithelial tumor with morphological characteristics similar to those of squamous cell carcinoma, which often complicates the diagnosis. Therefore, the complete excision of the suspicious lesions is necessary for correct diagnosis and treatment.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Neoplasias Cutâneas/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/métodos , Biópsia/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Células Epiteliais/patologia , Epitélio/cirurgia , Complicações Intraoperatórias/cirurgia , Ceratoacantoma/cirurgia , Ceratoacantoma/patologia , Proliferação de Células , Ceratoacantoma
4.
Autops. Case Rep ; 8(1): e2018002, Jan.-Mar. 2018. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-905467

RESUMO

Mesothelial/monocytic incidental cardiac excrescences (MICE) are unusual findings during the histological analysis of material from the pericardium, mediastinum, or other tissues collected in open-heart surgery. Despite their somewhat worrisome histological appearance, they show a benign clinical course, and further treatment is virtually never necessary. Hence, the importance of recognizing the entity relays in its differential diagnosis, as an unaware medical pathologist may misinterpret it for a malignant neoplasm. Other mesothelial and histiocytic proliferative lesions, sharing very close histological morphology and immunohistochemistry features with MICE, have been described in sites other than the heart or the mediastinum. This similarity has led to the proposal of the common denomination "histiocytosis with raisinoid nuclei." We report three cases from the pathology archives of the Heart Institute of São Paulo University (Incor/HC-FMUSP), diagnosed as "mesothelial/monocytic incidental cardiac excrescence," with immunohistochemical documentation, and provide a literature review of this entity.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Cardiopatias/patologia , Histiócitos , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Epitélio/lesões , Achados Incidentais
5.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 70(5): 1497-1504, set.-out. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-947124

RESUMO

The primary objective of the current study was to compare the pharmacokinetic (PK) of florfenicol (FFL) in pulmonary epithelial lining fluid and the plasma in swine. The second objectives were to evaluate the effect of anesthesia with ketamine and propofol on the PK of FFL in plasma. Bronchoaveolar lavage was utilized for quantification of PELF volume and the urea dilution method was used to determine the concentration of FFL in PELF. FFL was administered intramuscularly (IM) to swine in a single dose of 20mg/kg body weight. The main PK parameters of FFL in plasma and PELF were as follows: the area under the concentration-time curve, maximal drug concentration, elimination half-life and mean residence time were 69.45±4.36 vs 85.03±9.26µg·hr/ml, 4.65±0.34 vs 5.94±0.86µg/ml, 9.87±1.70 vs 10.69±1.60hr and 12.75±0.35 vs 14.46±1.26hr, respectively. There was no statistically significant difference between the PK profiles of FFL for the anesthetized and unanesthetized pigs. This study suggest that (i) FFL penetrated rapidly into the pulmonary and the drug concentration decay faster in plasma than in the pulmonary, (ii) the PK profile of FFL in swine was not interfered after administration of anesthetic agent.(AU)


O objetivo primário desse estudo foi comparar a farmacocinética de florfenicol (FFL) em fluido epitelial pulmonar à farmacocinética (PK) de FFL em plasma suíno. O segundo objetivo foi avaliar o efeito de anestesia com ketamina e propofol no PK de FFL em plasma. Lavagem broncoalveolar foi utilizada para quantificar volume de fluido epitelial pulmonar (PELF) e método de diluição de uréia para determinar FFL em PELF. Injeção de FFL foi administrada intramuscular a suínos em dose única de 20mg/kg de peso corporal. Os principais parâmetros de PK em FFL em plasma e PELF foram os seguintes: a área sob a curva de concentração-tempo, concentração máxima da droga, eliminação de meia-vida e média de tempo de permanência foram 69,45±4,36 vs 85,03±9,26µg·hr/ml, 4,65±0,34 vs 5,94±0,86µg/ml, 9,87±1,70 vs 10,69±1,60hr e 12,75±0,35 vs 14,46±1,26hr, respectivamente. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significante entre os perfis de PK de FFL para os porcos anestesiados e não anestesiados. Esse estudo sugere que (i) FFL penetrou rapidamente no pulmão e concentração da droga sofre queda mais veloz em plasma que líquido pulmonar, (ii) o perfil de PK de FFL em suínos não modificou após administração de agente anestésico.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Anestésicos/análise , Lavagem Broncoalveolar/veterinária , Epitélio/química , Suínos/anormalidades , Farmacocinética
6.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 37(12): 1479-1482, dez. 2017. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-895408

RESUMO

Os carcinomas mamários em cães apresentam alta capacidade metastática o que confere menor sobrevida para os pacientes com este tipo de neoplasia. O fenótipo transição epitélio-mesênquima, caracterizado pela troca dos filamentos intermediários de citoqueratina por vimentina, além da perda da proteína de adesão entre células (E-caderina) está relacionado com a maior ocorrência de metástase. Diante disto, objetivou-se avaliar, por meio de imunomarcações, a expressão de vimentina, citoqueratina e E-caderina nos tumores mamários caninos e suas metástases em linfonodo, a fim de avaliar o comportamento celular frente a esta neoplasia. Foram analisados cinco casos de neoplasias mamárias primárias caninas e suas respectivas metástases em linfonodos. Foram comparadas as médias de imunomarcações do grupo de neoplasias primárias com as médias do grupo metástase. Não houve diferença estatística nas imunomarcações da citoqueratina (p=0,1407) e E-caderina (p= 0,312) entre os grupos, apesar da média de expressão da E-caderina ter sido maior no grupo de metástases. A expressão da vimentina foi maior nos sítios das metástases (p=0,0462). Conclui-se que a expressão de vimentina aumenta no foco da metástase em relação aos seus respectivos tumores primários mamários caninos, caracterizando alteração estrutural celular, conferindo um fenótipo transição epitélio-mesênquima. Além da E-caderina apresentar fortes indícios de aumento no foco da metástase caracterizando maior adesão.(AU)


Mammary carcinomas in dogs have a high metastatic capacity which gives a shorter survival rate for patients with this type of tumor. The epithelial-mesenchymal transition phenotype, characterized by the trade of intermediary filaments of cytokeratin by vimentin, also by the loss of the adhesion protein between cells (E-cadherin) is associated with metastasis. Due to this fact, it was aimed to evaluate, by immunostaining, the expression of vimentin, cytokeratin and E-cadherin in canine mammary tumors and the metastasis in lymph node, in order to assess the cell behavior when facing this cancer. Five cases of canine mammary tumors and metastasis in lymph node were evaluated. The averages of immunostainings of the group of primary neoplasms were compared with the averages of the lymph node group. The results showed that immunostaining for cytokeratins (p=0,1407) and E-caderina (p=0,312) were not significant between the groups, despite the expression mean of cadherin was higher in the metastase group. The expression of vimentin (p=0,04) was greater at sites of metastases. It is concluded that the expression of vimentin increases in the focus of the metastase in relation to their respective primary canine mammary tumors, characterizing cellular structural alteration, conferring a transient epithelial-mesenchymal phenotype. And cadherin present strong evidence of increased focus on metastasis characterizing increased adhesion.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Cães , Vimentina/análise , Caderinas/análise , Neoplasias Mamárias Animais/fisiopatologia , Neoplasias Mamárias Animais/patologia , Epitélio/imunologia , Queratinas/análise , Imuno-Histoquímica/veterinária , Linfonodos , Metástase Linfática
7.
Rev. cuba. obstet. ginecol ; 43(4): 13-22, oct.-dic. 2017. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-901328

RESUMO

Introducción: el estudio de las lesiones epiteliales del cérvix constituye una prioridad en la prevención de este cáncer que muestra un incremento evidente de la morbimortalidad, a pesar de programas de pesquiza poblacional. Objetivo: describir el comportamiento de las lesiones epiteliales según variables clínico - epidemiológicas de interés. Métodos: estudio descriptivo retrospectivo para caracterizar el comportamiento de lesiones epiteliales del cuello uterino en las 1 148 pacientes atendidas en la Consulta de Patología de Cuello en el Hospital General Docente de la Isla de la Juventud desde 2014 hasta 2015. Resultados: del total de pacientes, 71 por ciento tenían entre 25 y 51 años de edad, 44 por ciento procede de los Consejos Populares de Santa Fé y Pueblo Nuevo. El inicio de las relaciones sexuales supera los 16 años y el número promedio de partos y abortos no es mayor de dos. Del total, 42 % tenía una citología con infección por el virus del papiloma humano y 30 por ciento acudió por una lesión evidente del cérvix sin una citología alterada y 57 por ciento tenían un área lesional menor a 200 mm2. En los estudios colposcópico e histológico predominaron las lesiones de alto grado con más del 60 por ciento y las lesiones invasoras sólo representaron 4 por ciento. El número de pacientes jóvenes es significativamente alto. No se evidenció un comportamiento anormal de los factores de riesgo clásicos para esta enfermedad. Conclusiones: los resultados de este estudio pueden servir de base para trazar estrategias locales del Sistema de Salud encaminadas a la disminución de la morbimortalidad por cáncer en el territorio(AU)


Introduction: The study of cervix epithelial lesions is a priority in preventing this type of cancer because of the evident morbidity and mortality increase, despite population screening programs. Objective: To describe epithelial lesion behavior according to clinical - epidemiological variables of interest. Methods: A retrospective descriptive study was conducted to characterize the cervix epithelial lesion behavior in 1148 patients treated in the Consultation of Neck Pathology at the General Teaching Hospital of the Isle of Youth from 2014 to 2015. Results: 71 percent of the total number of patients aged between 25 and 51 years, 44 percent came from Santa Fé and Pueblo Nuevo territories. These subjects' first sexual relations were after they were 16 and the average number of deliveries and abortions is less than two. Forty-two percent had human papillomavirus infection confirmed by cytology. Thirty percent came to consultation for an obvious cervix lesion with no cytology altered. Fifty-seven percent had a lesion area less than 200 mm2. The colposcopy and histological studies, high-grade lesions predominated in more than 60 percent. Invasive lesions only represented 4 percent. The number of young patients is significantly high. There was no evidence of abnormal behavior of this disease's classic risk factors. Conclusions: The results of this study can serve as a basis to draw local strategies for the Health System aiming to reduce morbidity and mortality from cancer in the territory(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/prevenção & controle , Epitélio/lesões , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Técnicas Citológicas/métodos , Estudo Observacional
8.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 6(2): 39-45, Feb. 2017. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-907706

RESUMO

To evaluate the expression of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and mean vascular density (MVD) in normal oral mucosa (NOM), oral epithelial dysplasia (OED) and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Material and methods: Descriptive case study. Nineteen histological samples diagnosed with NOM, 18 diagnosed with OED, and 19 with OSCC, were analyzed with immunohistochemistry against EGFR and CD31. EGFR expression was evaluated by extent and intensity of its expression in normal, dysplastic and neoplastic epithelium. MVD was determined through the detection of blood vessels by antibodies against CD31. Results: Extension of EGFR expression was highest in OSCC followed by OED and lowest in NOM, resulting in significant different between the degrees of extension (p<0.001). Intensity of EGFR was similar in NOM, OED and OSCC, without differences in its expression (p=0.533). Differences in MVD were found between NOM and OSCC groups (p<0.01), and between OED and OSCC groups (p<0.01), with no differences between NOM and OED groups (p=0.91). MVD was 21.17 +/- 4.98 in NOM, 23.40 +/- 5.77 in OED and 33.92 +/- 8.39 in OSCC. Conclusion: EGFR is expressed in normal, dysplastic or neoplastic oral epithelium. However, the extent of its expression is greater as malignancy increases. MVD varies according to the diagnosis.


Assuntos
Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Epidérmico/metabolismo , Mucosa Bucal/metabolismo , Neoplasias Bucais/metabolismo , Epitélio , Imuno-Histoquímica , Neovascularização Patológica
9.
Clin. biomed. res ; 37(3): 175-180, 2017. ilus, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-859826

RESUMO

Introduction: Grape is one of the most important fruit crops across the world and can be consumed in different ways. There has been a growing interest in the role of antioxidants such as resveratrol, which can be found in grape skin, in oral and dental tissues. Thus, the objective of this study was to analyze the effect of different presentations of resveratrol on cell proliferation and epithelial thickness of the oral mucosa of Wistar rats. Methods: Fifty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into five groups: water/control, red wine, grape juice, 12% alcoholic solution/ethanol and aqueous solution of resveratrol. Samples of palatal and tongue mucosa were collected for a histomorphometric analysis using hematoxylin-eosin staining and the argyrophilic nucleolar organizer region (AgNOR) technique for quantification of cell proliferation. Results: As to epithelial thickness, both the tongue and the palate showed a statistically significant difference between the control group and the other groups, with greater decrease in the resveratrol and the wine groups. In the suprabasal layer of both the tongue and the palate epithelium, red wine reduced the rate of cell proliferation, while ethanol increased it. In the basal layer of the tongue epithelium, there was a statistically significant difference between the control, the grape juice and the resveratrol groups and the ethanol group, with increased cell proliferation in the ethanol group. Conclusions: Wine does not interfere in the physiological renewal of the basal layer of the buccal epithelium and exerts a protective action by reducing the cell proliferation rate of the suprabasal layer (AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Ratos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Epitélio/anatomia & histologia , Mucosa Bucal/citologia , Estilbenos/farmacologia , Células Epiteliais/citologia , Etanol/química , Sucos de Frutas e Vegetais/análise , Ratos Wistar/anatomia & histologia , Vitis/química , Vinho/análise
10.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 31: e6, 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-839533

RESUMO

Abstract The aim of this study was to determine expression, not previously described, of PLUNC (palate, lung, and nasal epithelium clone) (BPI-fold containing) proteins in major and minor salivary glands from very early fetal tissue to the end of the second trimester and thus gain further insight into the function of these proteins. Early fetal heads, and major and minor salivary glands were collected retrospectively and glands were classified according to morphodifferentiation stage. Expression of BPI-fold containing proteins was localized through immunohistochemistry. BPIFA2, the major BPI-fold containing protein in adult salivary glands, was detected only in the laryngeal pharynx; the lack of staining in salivary glands suggested salivary expression is either very late in development or is only in adult tissues. Early expression of BPIFA1 was seen in the trachea and nasal cavity with salivary gland expression only seen in late morphodifferentiation stages. BPIFB1 was seen in early neural tissue and at later stages in submandibular and sublingual glands. BPIFA1 is significantly expressed in early fetal oral tissue but BPIFB1 has extremely limited expression and the major salivary BPIF protein (BPIFA2) is not produced in fetal development. Further studies, with more sensitive techniques, will confirm the expression pattern and enable a better understanding of embryonic BPIF protein function.


Assuntos
Humanos , Fosfoproteínas/análise , Glândulas Salivares/química , Proteínas e Peptídeos Salivares/análise , Autoantígenos/análise , Glicoproteínas/análise , Proteínas/análise , Feto/química , Palato/embriologia , Palato/química , Glândulas Salivares/embriologia , Fatores de Tempo , Língua/embriologia , Língua/química , Imuno-Histoquímica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Idade Gestacional , Desenvolvimento Fetal , Epitélio/química , Cabeça/embriologia , Pescoço/embriologia
11.
Clinics ; 71(5): 291-294, May 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-782837

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of Carbopol gel formulations containing pilocarpine on the morphology and morphometry of the vaginal epithelium of castrated rats. METHODS: Thirty-one female Wistar-Hannover rats were randomly divided into four groups: the control Groups I (n=7, rats in persistent estrus; positive controls) and II (n=7, castrated rats, negative controls) and the experimental Groups, III (n=8) and IV (n=9). Persistent estrus (Group I) was achieved with a subcutaneous injection of testosterone propionate on the second postnatal day. At 90 days postnatal, rats in Groups II, III and IV were castrated and treated vaginally for 14 days with Carbopol gel (vehicle alone) or Carbopol gel containing 5% and 15% pilocarpine, respectively. Next, all of the animals were euthanized and their vaginas were removed for histological evaluation. A non-parametric test with a weighted linear regression model was used for data analysis (p<0.05). RESULTS: The morphological evaluation showed maturation of the vaginal epithelium with keratinization in Group I, whereas signs of vaginal atrophy were present in the rats of the other groups. Morphometric examinations showed mean thickness values of the vaginal epithelium of 195.10±12.23 μm, 30.90±1.14 μm, 28.16±2.98 μm and 29.84±2.30 μm in Groups I, II, III and IV, respectively, with statistically significant differences between Group I and the other three groups (p<0.0001) and no differences between Groups II, III and IV (p=0.0809). CONCLUSION: Topical gel formulations containing pilocarpine had no effect on atrophy of the vaginal epithelium in the castrated female rats.


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Agonistas Muscarínicos/farmacologia , Pilocarpina/farmacologia , Vagina/patologia , Atrofia/tratamento farmacológico , Epitélio/efeitos dos fármacos , Epitélio/patologia , Modelos Animais , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos Wistar , Vagina/efeitos dos fármacos
12.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 111(2): 106-113, Feb. 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-772612

RESUMO

The influence of different infectious agents and their association with human papillomavirus (HPV) in cervical carcinogenesis have not been completely elucidated. This study describes the association between cytological changes in cervical epithelium and the detection of the most relevant aetiological agents of sexually transmitted diseases. Samples collected from 169 patients were evaluated by conventional cytology followed by molecular analysis to detect HPV DNA, Chlamydia trachomatis, herpes simplex virus 1 and 2,Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Mycoplasma genitalium, Trichomonas vaginalis, andTreponema pallidum, besides genotyping for most common high-risk HPV. An association between cytological lesions and different behavioural habits such as smoking and sedentariness was observed. Intraepithelial lesions were also associated with HPV and C. trachomatis detection. An association was also found between both simple and multiple genotype infection and cytological changes. The investigation of HPV and C. trachomatisproved its importance and may be considered in the future for including in screening programs, since these factors are linked to the early diagnosis of patients with precursor lesions of cervical cancer.


Assuntos
Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem , Colo do Útero/microbiologia , Chlamydia trachomatis/isolamento & purificação , DNA Viral/isolamento & purificação , Papillomaviridae/isolamento & purificação , Lesões Intraepiteliais Escamosas Cervicais/microbiologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/prevenção & controle , Carcinogênese , Coinfecção , Estudos Transversais , Efeito Citopatogênico Viral , Colo do Útero/patologia , Infecções por Chlamydia/complicações , Infecções por Chlamydia/epidemiologia , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Epitélio/virologia , Genótipo , Técnicas de Genotipagem , Herpesvirus Humano 1/isolamento & purificação , /isolamento & purificação , Tipagem Molecular , Mycoplasma genitalium/isolamento & purificação , Neisseria gonorrhoeae/isolamento & purificação , Papillomaviridae/classificação , Infecções por Papillomavirus/complicações , Infecções por Papillomavirus/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Treponema pallidum/isolamento & purificação , Trichomonas vaginalis/isolamento & purificação , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/microbiologia
13.
Clinics ; 71(2): 90-93, Feb. 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-774531

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Vaginal atrophy and breast cancer are common conditions in postmenopausal women and tamoxifen is the standard endocrine treatment for hormone-sensitive tumors. The present study aimed to assess the effect of tamoxifen on Ki-67 protein expression in the vaginal epithelium of castrated rats. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty Wistar-Hannover adult, virgin, castrated rats were randomly divided into two groups, group I (control, n=20) and group II (tamoxifen, n=20), receiving 0.5 ml of propylene glycol and 250 µg of tamoxifen diluted in 0.5 ml of propylene glycol, respectively, daily by gavage for 30 days. On the 31st day, the rats were euthanized and their vaginas were removed and fixed in 10% buffered formalin for the immunohistochemical study of Ki-67 protein expression. Data were analyzed by the Levene and Student’s t tests (p<0.05). RESULTS: The mean index of Ki-67 expression in the rat vagina of groups I and II was 4.04±0.96 and 26.86±2.19, respectively (p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: According to the results of the present study, tamoxifen, at the dose and treatment length used, induced a significant increase in the cell proliferation of the vaginal mucosa in castrated rats, as evaluated by Ki-67 protein expression.


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , /metabolismo , Moduladores Seletivos de Receptor Estrogênico/farmacologia , Tamoxifeno/farmacologia , Vagina/metabolismo , Epitélio/efeitos dos fármacos , Epitélio/metabolismo , Epitélio/patologia , Modelos Animais , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos Wistar , Vagina/efeitos dos fármacos , Vagina/patologia
14.
Acta cir. bras ; 31(1): 22-27, Jan. 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-771851

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine the effect of a single dose of adriamycin (ADR) to induce anorectal malformations (ARMs) and determine the effect of folic acid (FA) in this model. METHODS: Ten female Wistar rats were divided randomly in two groups. Group A - ADR; Group B - FA+ADR. Dams from group B received daily, since two weeks before the pregnancy to the end of pregnancy, FA (50mg/kg) by gavage. Dams from both groups received ADR (6mk/kg) by intraperitoneal injection on gestational day (GD) 8. Their fetuses were harvested by cesarean section on GD21 and were examined looking for ARMs. The thickness of anal stratified squamous epithelium (ASSE) and intestinal epithelium (IE) were analyzed. p≤0.05*. RESULTS: 81 fetuses were harvested. The number of fetuses; number of ARMs; mean (∆%) (± SD) were determined to be, respectively: ADR - 41[29;65%(±37%)] versus FA+ADR - 40[04;16%(±36%)] (p=0.05). AMRs were significantly lower in FA+ADR group than in ADR group (p=0.05). The thickness (µm) of ASSE (± SD) and IE (± SD) were measured, respectively: ADR - [25.98(±0.74) and 19.48(±1.68)] versus FA+ADR - [24.74(±0.91) and 24.80(±0.81)] (p<0.005). The thickness of IE was significantly enlarged when FA was given (p<0.005). CONCLUSIONS: Single dose of adriamycin on D8 was able to induce anorectal malformations. Folic acid reduces the number and enlarged the IE of ARMs ADR-induced.


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Gravidez , Anus Imperfurado/prevenção & controle , Ácido Fólico/administração & dosagem , Anus Imperfurado/induzido quimicamente , Anus Imperfurado/patologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Doxorrubicina , Epitélio/anormalidades , Epitélio/patologia , Feto/anormalidades , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos Wistar , Inibidores da Topoisomerase II
15.
São Paulo; s.n; 2016. 88 p. ilus, tab, graf. (BR).
Tese em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-867990

RESUMO

O carcinoma epidermóide da mucosa oral (CEMO) é uma neoplasia maligna comum; no Brasil, são estimados, para 2016, 15.490 novos casos. A invasão óssea ocorre em casos avançados.; esta é classificada em erosiva e infiltrativa. Aparentemente, o processo de transição epitélio-mesenquimal, com o envolvimento da E-caderina, é implicado. Foi investigada a expressão de E-caderina, por meio da imunoistoquímica em 15 casos avançados de CEMO e avaliada sua correlação com as características clínicas e histológicas da invasão óssea. A imunoexpressão da E-caderina foi estudada nos 15 casos de CEMO com evidência histológica de invasão óssea. A maioria dos pacientes eram homens (10 pacientes) e apresentavam invasão em mandíbula (9 casos). A expressão de E-caderina foi negativa em CEMOs com invasão erosiva e positiva nos casos que apresentavam infiltração óssea. A expressão de E-caderina na invasão óssea sugere que a participação do fenômeno de transição epitélio-mesenquimal é um fator diretamente envolvido com o tipo de invasão óssea.


Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is a common malignancy; in Brazil it is estimated, in 2016,15.490 new cases. Bone invasion occurs in advanced cases; it is classified in erosive and infiltrative patterns. Apparently, the epithelial-mesenchymal phenomenon, with important participation of E-cadherin is implicated. We investigated the expression of E-cadherin in advanced OSSC and correlated its expression with the clinical characteristics and histologic patterns of bone invasion. Immunoexpression of E-cadherin was studied in 15 cases of OSCC with histological evidence of bone invasion. Most patients were men (10 patients) and presented mandible invasion (9 cases). The expression of E-cadherin was negative in OSCC in erosive bone invasion and positive in the infiltrative bone invasion. E-cadherin expression in bone invasion suggests that participation of epithelial-mesenchymal phenomenon is dependent on the patterns of tumour bone invasion.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/complicações , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/congênito , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/prevenção & controle , Epitélio/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Epitélio/lesões , Mesoderma , Mucosa Bucal/anormalidades , Mucosa Bucal/lesões
16.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 28(4): 282-285, Nov.-Dec. 2015. graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-770270

RESUMO

Background: Delaitre and Maignien performed the first successful laparoscopic splenectomy in 1991. After that, laparoscopic splenectomy has become one of the most frequently performed laparoscopic solid organ procedures. Aim: To demonstrate the surgical techique of laparoscopic splenetomy with reduced portals. Methods: A reduce port laparoscopic splenectomy was performed by using a 10 mm and two 5 mm trocars. To entered the abdomen a trans-umbilical open technique was done and a 10 mm trocar was placed. A subcostal 5 mm trocar was placed under direct vision at the level of the anterior axillary line and another 5 mm port was inserted at the mid-epigastric region. Once it was completely dissected and freed from all of its attachments the hilum, splenic artery and vein, was clipped with hem-o-lock and divided with scissors. Then an endobag was used to retrieve the spleen after being morcellated trough the umbilical incision. Results: This technique was used in a 15 years old female with epigastric and left upper quadrant pain. An abdominal ultrasound demonstrated a giant cyst located in the spleen. Laboratory tests findings were normal. The CT scan was also done, and showed a giant cyst, which squeeze the stomach. The patient tolerated well the procedure, with an unremarkable postoperative. She was discharge home 72 h after the surgery. Conclusion: The use of reduce port minimizes abdominal trauma and has the hypothetical advantages of shorter postoperative stay, greater pain control, and better cosmesis. Laparoscopic splenectomy for giant cysts by using reduce port trocars is safe and feasible and less invasive.


Racional: Delaitre e Maignien realizaram a primeira esplenectomia laparoscópica bem sucedida em 1991. Depois disso, a esplenectomia laparoscópica tornou-se um dos procedimentos laparoscópicos de órgãos sólidos mais frequentemente realizadas. Objetivo: Demonstrar a técnica cirúrgica de esplenectomia laparoscópica com portais reduzidos. Métodos: A esplenectomia laparoscópica reduzida em potais foi realizada usando um trocarte de 10 mm e dois de 5 mm. A entrada abdominal se dá pela técnica aberta trans-umbilical e um trocarte de 10 mm foi aí colocado. Um de 5 mm subcostal foi colocado sob visão direta no nível da linha axilar anterior e outra trocarte de 5 mm foi inserido na região médio-epigástrica. Uma vez completamente dissecado e liberado todos os seus ligamentos do hilo, a artéria e veia esplênicas foram ligadas com hem-o-lock e seccionado com tesoura. Em seguida, um Endobag foi usado para retirar o baço após ser ele morcelado através da incisão umbilical. Resultado: Esta técnica foi utilizada em uma jovem de 15 anos com dor epigástrica e em hipocôndrio esquerdo. Ultrassom abdominal mostrou um cisto gigante localizado no baço. Exames complementares tiveram resultados normais. TC mostrou um cisto gigante, que projetava-se para o estômago. A paciente tolerou bem o procedimento, com pós-operatório normal. Ela teve alta hospitalar em 72 h após a operação. Conclusão: A diminuição de portais minimiza o trauma abdominal e tem as vantagens conhecidas de menor tempo de pós-operatório, maior controle da dor, e melhor efeito cosmético. A esplenectomia laparoscópica para cistos gigantes usando trocárteres reduzidos é segura, viável e menos invasiva.


Assuntos
Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Cistos/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Esplenectomia/métodos , Esplenopatias/cirurgia , Cistos/patologia , Epitélio , Esplenopatias/patologia
17.
An. bras. dermatol ; 90(6): 874-878, Nov.-Dec. 2015. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-769530

RESUMO

Abstract: Histological subtypes of basal cell carcinoma have biological, evolutionary and distinct prognostic behavior. The analysis of characteristics of the nucleus can provide data on their cellular physiology and behavior. The authors of this study evaluated nuclear morphological parameters and textural patterns of chromatin from different subtypes of basal cell carcinoma: nodular (n=37), superficial (n=28) and sclerodermiform (n=28). The parameters were compared between neoplasms' subtypes and with unaffected adjacent basal epithelium. Nuclear area and diameter of sclerodermiform neoplasms were superior to the other subtypes. Chromatin's color intensity and fractal dimension were less intense in superficial subtypes. Nuclear roundness and chromatin's entropy presented lower values in tumors than in normal epithelium. There was significant correlation between morphological and textural variables of normal skin and tumors. Morphometric elements and textural chromatin's homogeneity of basal cell carcinomas may be related to evolutionary, biological and behavior particularities related to each histotype.


Assuntos
Humanos , Carcinoma Basocelular/patologia , Cromatina/patologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Estudos Transversais , Carcinoma Basocelular/classificação , Núcleo Celular/patologia , Epitélio/patologia , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Neoplasias Cutâneas/classificação , Carga Tumoral
18.
Clinics ; 70(10): 706-713, Oct. 2015. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-762958

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE:We compared the adverse effects of two types of real ambient particles; i.e., total suspended particles from an electrostatic precipitator of a steel mill and fine air particles from an urban ambient particulate matter of 2.5 µm, on mucociliary clearance.METHOD:Mucociliary function was quantified by mucociliary transport, ciliary beating frequency and the amount of acid and neutral mucous in epithelial cells through morphometry of frog palate preparations. The palates were immersed in one of the following solutions: total suspended particles (0.1 mg/mL), particulate matter 2.5 µm 0.1 mg/mL (PM0.1) or 3.0 mg/mL (PM3.0) and amphibian Ringer’s solution (control). Particle chemical compositions were determined by X-ray fluorescence and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry.RESULTS:Exposure to total suspended particles and PM3.0 decreased mucociliary transport. Ciliary beating frequency was diminished by total suspended particles at all times during exposure, while particulate matter of 2.5 µm did not elicit changes. Particulate matter of 2.5 µm reduced epithelial mucous and epithelium thickness, while total suspended particles behaved similarly to the control group. Total suspended particles exhibited a predominance of Fe and no organic compounds, while the particulate matter 2.5 µm contained predominant amounts of S, Fe, Si and, to a lesser extent, Cu, Ni, V, Zn and organic compounds.CONCLUSION:Our results showed that different compositions of particles induced different airway epithelial responses, emphasizing that knowledge of their individual characteristics may help to establish policies aimed at controlling air pollution.


Assuntos
Animais , Depuração Mucociliar , Muco , Material Particulado/química , Material Particulado/toxicidade , Aço/química , Anuros , Cílios , Epitélio , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Muco/química , Palato/citologia , Espectrometria por Raios X
19.
Acta méd. costarric ; 57(3): 113-116, jul.-sep. 2015. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: lil-757313

RESUMO

Justificación: los carcinomas de células renales son un grupo de neoplasias malignas originadas del epitelio de los túbulos renales. Estas neoplasias representan en promedio un 90% de todas las neoplasias malignas renales en adultos de ambos sexos. El tabaco ha sido descrito en la bibliografía como el principal factor de riesgo; otras variables como el sobrepeso y la obesidad se han ligado a los mecanismos que participan en la inducción de estos tumores malignos. Se ha descrito además, una mayor incidencia en pacientes con hipertensión arterial. El objetivo fue determinar la incidencia, los factores de riesgos asociados y las características clínico-patológicas de los carcinomas de célulasrenales, con base en los resultados de las biopsias del Servicio de Patología del Hospital San Rafael de Alajuela.Métodos: se revisó los expedientes clínicos y las láminas histológicas de cada una de las biopsias diagnosticadas como carcinomas de células renales, en el periodo comprendido entre enero de 2009 y diciembre de 2013, para determinar la incidencia, los factores de riesgo asociados y las características clínico- patológicas.Resultados: en este periodo se diagnosticó un total de 36 carcinomas de células renales, 27 de los cuales se presentaron en pacientes de sexo masculino. La edad promedio de presentación fue de 60,1 años (43 a 79 años). Del total de los casos, 21 presentaron índices de masa corporal por encima de rangos normales, 26 pacientes eran hipertensos y 15 eran tabaquistas. El diagnóstico clínico de estos tumores fue incidental en la mayoría de los casos. El tamaño del tumor fue en promedio de 5,7cm; en el 86,1% de los casos se trató de CCR de tipo células claras; un 58,3% tuvo un grado histológico de Fuhrman II y un 47,2% corresponde a tumores con un estadio temprano (T1)...


Objective: Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a group of malignant neoplasms with origin in the renal tubular epithelia. These neoplasms represent an average of 90% of all malignant renal neoplasms in adults of both genders. Tobacco has been described in the literature as the main risk factor, other variables such as overweight and obesity have been linked to the mechanisms that participate in inducing these malignant tumors. An increased incidence of RCC has also been described in patients with hypertension. The objective was to determine incidence, risk factors and the clinical and pathological characteristics of renal cell carcinoma based on the results of biopsies performed at the Pathology Department of the San Rafael Hospital in Alajuela.Methods: A review of clinical records and histological boards for each of the biopsies diagnosed as RCC between January 2009 and December 2013 was performed to determine incidence, risk factors, as well as clinical and pathological characteristics.Results: A total of 36 RCC were diagnosed during the period, 27 of them were male patients. The average age of presentation was 60.1 years (43 to 79 years). Out of the total, 21 cases presented a body mass index above the normal range, 26 patients had hypertension and 15 were smokers. The clinical diagnosis of these tumors was incidental in most cases. The average tumor size was 5.7 cm; 86.1% of cases were a RCC with a clear cell type, 58.3% had a histological Fuhrman grade II and 47.2% were early stage tumors (T1)...


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Feminino , Carcinoma de Células Renais , Costa Rica , Epitélio , Hipertensão , Neoplasias Renais , Túbulos Renais , Neoplasias , Obesidade , Sobrepeso , Fumar
20.
Rev. argent. neurocir ; 29(2): 84-86, jun. 2015. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-835743

RESUMO

Los quistes epidermoides del ventrículo lateral son lesiones extremadamente infrecuentes originadas por la inclusión de elementos epiteliales al momento del cierre del tubo neural. Son tumores de lento crecimiento y se presentan clínicamente con síntomas inespecíficos. La Resonancia Magnética de encéfalo permite realizar un diagnóstico presuntivo, que se confirma por hallazgos característicos durante la cirugía. El diagnóstico de certeza es por la anatomía patológica en donde se observa un epitelio escamoso estratificado. Se presenta un caso de una mujer de 39 años operada por vía microquirúrgica con asistencia endoscópica.


Epidermoid cysts occurring within the lateral ventricles are uncommon lesions. These tumors are of developmental etiology, due to migration of epiblast inclusion at the time of neural tube occlussion of the neural tube. They are slow growing tumors and clinical presentation is nonspecific. Magnetic Resonance is suggestive of a cystic lesion, and is confirmed to be a epidermoid cyst at operation. Histopathology reveals typical stratified squamous epithelium. A case of a woman of 39 years old woman operated on with microsurgery and endoscopic assistance is presented..


Assuntos
Cisto Epidérmico , Epitélio , Ventrículos Laterais
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