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1.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(2): 492-498, abr. 2020. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056467

RESUMO

Para promover la reparación y regeneración muscular, se han desarrollado diferentes estrategias, sin embargo, aún no existe un tratamiento único aceptado. Investigaciones relacionan los efectos terapéuticos de la miel en el proceso de cicatrización de heridas de diversas etiologías. Considerando lo anterior, el propósito de este estudio fue evaluar los efectos de una formulación basada en miel nativa (Ulmoplus®) en la reparación de lesiones musculares por incisión quirúrgica. A cinco conejos (Oryctolagus cuniculus) se les realizó una incisión de 20 mm de largo y 3 mm de ancho en la región anterior de cada pierna, atravesando la epidermis, dermis y el músculo tibial anterior, hasta alcanzar el periostio de la tibia. La pierna izquierda de cada animal fue clasificada como grupo sutura (S) y la derecha como grupo sutura más Ulmoplus® (S+U). Posteriormente, al grupo S+U se le aplicó Ulmoplus® en toda la extensión de la herida. Luego, en ambos grupos, la incisión fue suturada con cuatro puntos intradérmicos (vicryl 2/0). Un animal fue considerado como control para obtener imágenes histológicas del músculo tibial anterior sin injuria. A los 10 días post incisión, fueron tomadas las biopsias del músculo y posteriormente fueron procesadas para su observación en microscopio de luz. El estudio se llevó a cabo considerando las recomendaciones de la Guía para el Cuidado y Uso de Animales de Laboratorio. A los 10 días post incisión, las injurias, en ambos grupos de animales, se encontraban cerradas y sin signos de infección. El músculo tibial anterior de los especímenes del grupo S se encontraba en la fase de reparación, con procesos concomitantes de fagocitosis del tejido necrotizado, regeneración de miofibras y formación de tejido conectivo cicatrizal. El músculo tibial anterior de los animales del grupo S+U se encontraba en la fase de remodelación, ya que la arquitectura muscular se evidenciaba restablecida. Ulmoplus®, como coadyuvante en el proceso de cierre de heridas quirúrgicas de músculo esquelético utilizando sutura convencional, es una buena alternativa, ya que acelera el proceso de reparación muscular, y reduce el tejido conectivo cicatrizal.


To promote muscle repair and regeneration, different strategies have been developed, however, there is still no single accepted treatment. Research relates the therapeutic effects of honey in the wound healing process of various etiologies. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of native honey formulation (Ulmoplus®) in the repair of muscle injuries by surgical incision. In five rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) were made an incision 20 mm long and 3 mm wide in the anterior region of each leg, crossing the epidermis, dermis and anterior tibial muscle, until reaching the tibia periosteum. The left leg of each animal was classified as a suture group (S) and the right leg as a suture group plus Ulmoplus® (S + U). Subsequently, Ulmoplus® was applied to the entire S + U group throughout the entire length of the wound. Then, in both groups, the incision was sutured with four intradermal points (vicryl 2/0). An animal was considered as a control to obtain histological images of the anterior tibial muscle without injury. At 10 days post incision, muscle biopsies were taken and subsequently processed for observation under light microscopy. The study was carried out considering the recommendations of the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals. At 10 days post incision, the injuries, in both groups of animals, were closed and without signs of infection. The anterior tibial muscle of the S group specimens was in the repair phase, with concomitant processes of phagocytosis of the necrotized tissue, myofiber regeneration and formation of scar connective tissue. The anterior tibial muscle of the animals of the S + U group was in the remodeling phase, since the muscular architecture was evidenced restored. Ulmoplus®, as an adjunct in the process of closing surgical wounds of skeletal muscle using conventional suture, is a good alternative, since it accelerates the muscle repair process and reduces scar connective tissue.


Assuntos
Animais , Coelhos , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos , Ferida Cirúrgica/tratamento farmacológico , Mel , Músculos/lesões , Suturas , Modelos Animais de Doenças
2.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(2): 309-315, abr. 2020. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056440

RESUMO

Stability is necessary to ensuring proper bone repair after osteotomies and fractures. The aim of this research was to analyze how the repair of pseudoarthrosis sites was affected by different conditions in related to soft tissue. An experimental study was designed with 18 New Zealand rabbits. Six study groups were formed. An osteotomy was performed on the mandibular body of each animal and muscle was installed at the osteotomy site to model pseudoarthrosis. Fixation by surgery was then carried out, using plates and screws. The animals were submitted to euthanasia after 21, 42 and 63 days to make a descriptive comparison of the histological results. No animal was lost during the experiment. In all the samples, bone formation was observed with different degrees of progress. Defects treated with or without removal of the tissue involved in pseudoarthrosis presented comparable bone repair, showing that stability of the bone segments allows the repair of adjacent tissue. In some samples cartilaginous tissue was associated with greater bone formation. Stabilization of the fracture is the key in bone repair; repair occurs whether or not the pseudoarthrosis tissue is removed.


La estabilidad de las osteotomías y de las fracturas son fundamentales para asegurar la adecuada reparación ósea; el objetivo de esta investigación fue analizar la reparación presente en sitios de pseudoartrosis realizando la limpieza de la zona previo a la fijación o manteniendo el tejido de la nounión en el mismo lugar durante la osteosíntesis. Se diseñó un estudio experimental incluyendo 18 conejos de raza Neozelandesa. Se formaron 6 grupos de estudios a quienes se relizó una osteotomía en el cuerpo mandibular y posterior instalación de músculo en el lugar de la osteotomía para fabricar un modelo de pseudoartrosis. En cirugía posterior se fijó con placa y tornillos. Se realizaron eutanasias a los 42 y 63 días para comparar los resultados de forma descriptiva mediante estudio histológico. No fue perdido ningún animal durante el experimento. En todas las muestras evaluadas se observó formación ósea en diferentes niveles de avance; defectos tratados con o sin el retiro del tejido involucrado en la pseudoartrosis presentaron una condición de reparación ósea comparables, determinando que la estabilidad de los segmentos óseos permite la reparación del tejido adyacente. El tejido cartilaginoso se presentó en algunas muestras asociadas a sectores con mayor presencia de formación ósea. La estabilización de la fractura es clave en la reparación ósea; la reparación se produce manteniendo o retirando el tejido presente en la pseudoartrosis.


Assuntos
Animais , Coelhos , Consolidação da Fratura , Fraturas Mal-Unidas/terapia , Fraturas Mandibulares/terapia , Osteotomia/efeitos adversos , Fraturas Mandibulares/cirurgia
3.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(4): 1404-1408, Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040145

RESUMO

Las glándulas tiroides consisten en dos partes denominadas lobos que se encuentran en ambos lados de la laringe. El objetivo de este estudio fue caracterizar las medidas, topografía y vascularización de la glándula tiroides de conejos Nueva Zelanda. Las disecciones anatómicas se realizaron en 36 cadáveres adultos, 17 machos y 19 hembras, con masa corporal media de 2,5 kg y longitud cara-sacral media de 40 cm. Los cadáveres fueron obtenidos del sector de necropsia de la Universidad. Los especímenes tuvieron la arteria aorta torácica canalada, por la cual se inyectó solución de formaldehído al 10 %, seguida de látex coloreado. En los machos, el lobo izquierdo de la glándula tiroidea midió 1,40 x 0,40 x 0,01 cm y el derecho 1,36 x 0,56 x 0,01 cm; en las hembras, el lobo izquierdo midió 1,50 x 0,49 x 0,01 cm y el derecho 1,37 x 0,48 x 0,01cm. No hubo diferencia significativa (p> 0,05) entre las medias de las medidas entre machos y hembras, pero la extensión del lóbulo izquierdo de las hembras y la anchura del lóbulo derecho de los machos fueran significativamente mayores (p <0,05). La extremidad craneal de los lobos tiroideos se encontraba al nivel del cartílago cricoide en casi todos los especímenes. El extremo caudal presentó topografía más variable, desde el tercer hasta el décimo anillo traqueal, habiendo predominado al nivel del quinto anillo. Invariablemente, la irrigación arterial fue determinada por las arterias tiroideas izquierda y derecha, originadas de la arteria carótida común. Las anastomosis entre las arterias tiroideas fueron comunes. La constancia en las dimensiones y irrigación de la glándula tiroidea puede ser ventajosa en la elección del Coelho como modelo experimental para el estudio de esta glándula.


The thyroid glands consist of two parts called lobes located on both sides of the larynx. The aim of this study was to characterize the measures, topography and arterial irrigation of New Zealand´s rabbits thyroid glands. The anatomical dissections were performed in 36 adult cadavers, 17 males and 19 females, with a mean body mass of 2.5 kg and a mean cranium-sacral length of 40 cm. The specimens were obtained from the necropsy unit of the University. The cadavers had the thoracic aorta artery cannulated, through which 10 % formaldehyde solution was injected, followed by injection colored latex. In males, the left lobe of the thyroid gland measured 1.40x0.40x0.01cm and the right 1.36x0.56x0.01cm; in females, the left lobe measured 1.50x0.49x0.01cm and the right one was 1.37x0.48x0.01cm. There was no significant difference (p> 0.05) between the means of the measurements between males and females, but the left lobe length of the females and the right lobe width of the males were significantly higher (p <0.05). The cranial extremity of the thyroid lobes was at the level of the cricoid cartilage in almost all specimens. The caudal end showed more variable topography, from the third to the tenth tracheal ring in few specimens, but predominated at the level of the fifth ring. Invariably, arterial irrigation was determined by the left and right thyroid arteries, originating from the common carotid artery. Anastomoses between the thyroid arteries were common. The constancy in dimensions and irrigation of the thyroid gland may be advantageous in choosing the rabbit as an experimental model for the study of this gland.


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Feminino , Coelhos/anatomia & histologia , Glândula Tireoide/irrigação sanguínea , Vasos Sanguíneos/anatomia & histologia , Caracteres Sexuais , Glândula Tireoide/anatomia & histologia
4.
Actual. osteol ; 15(3): 192-204, Sept-Dic. 2019. graf, ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1104327

RESUMO

Blocking of the growth plate (GP) using plates with screws (tension band plating) is a modern method used to correct deformities and moderate leg length discrepancy in growing children. Determining the duration of temporary bilateral blocking without the occurrence of irreversible changes of GP is of paramount importance important. Methods: Two-month-old Californian breed male rabbits (n=30) were exposed to bilateral blocking of the distal GP of the right femur locking plates with screws for 3, 5, and 7 weeks. The fixators were removed after 5 and 7 weeks in 18 rabbits and 3 weeks after that, animals were sacri!ced. The contralateral limb was used as a control. Histological, histomorphometric, and X-ray analyses were performed. Results: During GP blocking, its height gradually decreased. This decreased was more pronounced after 7 weeks. Destructive changes progressed with an increase in the blocking duration. Three weeks after discontinuation of the bilateral blocking that lasted 5 weeks, the height of the GP signi!cantly increased 1.2 times on the lateral side and 1.9 times on the medial side (p<0.001) compared to the control. When blocking was discontinued after 7 weeks, the structure of the GP was partially restored after 3 weeks, the height of GP signi!cantly increased 1.2 times on the lateral side, and 1.07 times on the medial side (p<0.01) compared to the control. Conclusion: Restoration of the structuralfunctional features of the GP after the removal of the plates depends on the duration of temporary bilateral blocking, which must be taken into account in the clinical setting. (AU)


El bloqueo de la placa de crecimiento (PC) utilizando placas con tornillos (banda de tensión) es un método moderno utilizado para corregir deformidades y alteraciones moderadas en la longitud de las piernas en niños en crecimiento. Es de suma importancia determinar cuál debe ser la duración del bloqueo bilateral temporal sin que ocurran cambios irreversibles en la PC. Métodos: Conejos machos de raza californiana de dos meses de edad (n = 30) fueron expuestos al bloqueo bilateral de la PC distal colocando placas del fémur derecho con tornillos durante 3, 5 y 7 semanas. Los fijadores fueron retirados después de 5 y 7 semanas en 18 de los conejos, y 3 semanas después los animales fueron sacrificados. La extremidad contralateral se utilizó como control. Se realizaron análisis histológicos, histomorfométricos y de rayos X. Resultados: Durante el bloqueo de la PC, su altura disminuyó gradualmente. Esta disminución fue más pronunciada después de 7 semanas. Los cambios destructivos se incrementaron a medida aumentaba la duración del bloqueo. Tres semanas después de la interrupción del bloqueo bilateral que duró 5 semanas, la altura de la PC aumentó significativamente 1.2 veces en el lado lateral y 1.9 veces en el lado medial (p <0.001) en comparación con el control. Conclusión: La restauración de las características funcionales estructurales de la PC después de la extracción de las placas depende de la duración del bloqueo bilateral temporal, lo que debería tenerse en cuenta en el tratamiento clínico de estas alteraciones. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Animais , Criança , Coelhos , Deformidades Congênitas dos Membros/terapia , Lâmina de Crescimento/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Fenobarbital/administração & dosagem , Coelhos/cirurgia , Xilazina/administração & dosagem , Placas Ósseas , Cefazolina/administração & dosagem , Desenvolvimento Infantil , Redução do Dano , Fêmur/citologia , Fêmur/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Fixadores/análise , Lâmina de Crescimento/anormalidades , Ketamina/administração & dosagem , Perna (Membro)/anormalidades
5.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(6): 1865-1872, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1055154

RESUMO

The effect of the systemic absorption of 0.1% diclofenac sodium (DS) eyedrop was compared to that of 0.5% ketorolac tromethamine (KT) in female New Zealand white rabbits treated on both eyes three times a day for 90 days. The rabbits were divided in three groups of six animals (n= 18): KT group, DS group, and control (Co) group, in which saline (0.9% NaCl) solution was instilled. Water and food consumption were measured daily, clinical examination was performed weekly, and blood samples were collected every 30 days for laboratory examination. The plasma was analyzed for the presence of KT and DS by solid-phase extraction (SPE) associated with mass spectrometry (MS). Systemic absorption of these drugs was confirmed by SPE-MS, allowing their separation and identification in the plasma. At the end of the treatment, the animals were euthanized and necropsied, and no macroscopic or microscopic changes were found. This observation confirmed the laboratory results, which were within normal reference standards for the species. According to the results obtained, it can be concluded that treatment with eyedrops containing KT and DS for 90 days in healthy rabbits does not cause adverse systemic effects.(AU)


Comparou-se o efeito da absorção sistêmica do colírio de diclofenaco de sódio 0,1% (DS) em relação ao de cetorolaco de trometamina 0,5% (CT) em coelhas da raça Nova Zelândia, tratadas nos dois olhos, três vezes ao dia, por 90 dias. As coelhas foram separadas em três grupos de seis animais (n=18): grupo CT, grupo DS e grupo controle (Co), no qual foi instilada solução fisiológica (NaCl 0,9%). Os consumos de água e ração foram mensurados diariamente, os exames clínicos foram realizados semanalmente e o sangue foi coletado a cada 30 dias para realização de exames laboratoriais. O plasma foi analisado para detectar a presença de CT e DS por extração em fase sólida (SPE) associada à espectrometria de massas (MS). A absorção sistêmica desses fármacos foi confirmada por SPE-MS, permitindo sua separação e identificação no plasma. Ao final do tratamento, os animais foram eutanasiados e necropsiados, e não foram encontradas alterações macroscópicas ou microscópicas. Essa observação confirmou os resultados laboratoriais, que estavam dentro dos padrões de referência para a espécie. De acordo com os resultados obtidos, pode-se concluir que o tratamento com colírio contendo KT e DS, por 90 dias, em coelhos saudáveis, não causa efeitos adversos sistêmicos.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Coelhos , Soluções Oftálmicas/efeitos adversos , Diclofenaco/administração & dosagem , Diclofenaco/efeitos adversos , Cetorolaco de Trometamina/administração & dosagem , Cetorolaco de Trometamina/efeitos adversos , Absorção Fisiológica/efeitos dos fármacos
6.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(6): 1873-1879, Nov.-Dec. 2019. graf, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1055121

RESUMO

Hydroxyapatite (HA) is widely used as a biomaterial for bone repair and metallic prostheses coating. The main limitations of the current commercial synthetic hydroxyapatite compounds include high cost and decreased availability, especially for veterinary medicine purposes. Additionally, it is thought that HA biocompatibility and bioactivity could be enhanced by the addition of metal compounds. The objective of this work was to compare the subcutaneous tissue response of commercial and engineered hydroxyapatite obtained from the bovine femur diaphysis mixed with different concentrations of hexa-hydrated Zinc Nitrate in rabbits. Twenty-Five New Zealand female rabbits were used. Five treatments were done according to HA composition (commercial HA, no Zn-HA, 0.1M Zn, 0.2M Zn, and 0.3M Zn). Each treatment was evaluated at five time-points (8, 15, 30, 60 and 90 days post-implantation). Histopathologic analysis was performed to assess inflammation by polymorphonuclear cells infiltration, neovascularization, and fibrosis. Results obtained in this work suggest that general inflammation decreased after 60 days of implantation regardless of Zn concentration. Fibrosis score was increased in the commercial HP compared to control and Zn-hydrated HA. This paper shows that bovine hydroxyapatite is a biocompatible material regardless of nitrate Zinc concentration and has the same properties of commercial hydroxyapatite.(AU)


A hidroxiapatita (HA) é amplamente utilizada como biomaterial para reparo ósseo e revestimento de próteses metálicas. As principais limitações dos atuais compostos comerciais de hidroxiapatita sintética incluem alto custo e menor disponibilidade, especialmente para fins de medicina veterinária. Além disso, acredita-se que a biocompatibilidade e a bioatividade da HA poderiam ser aumentadas pela adição de compostos metálicos. O objetivo deste trabalho foi comparar a resposta tecidual subcutânea de hidroxiapatita comercial e da obtida da diáfise do fêmur bovino misturada com diferentes concentrações de nitrato de zinco hexa-hidratado em coelhos. Foram utilizadas 25 coelhas fêmeas Nova Zelândia. Cinco tratamentos foram feitos de acordo com os compostos de HA (HA comercial, no Zn-HA, 0,1M Zn, 0,2M Zn e 0,3M Zn). Cada tratamento foi avaliado em cinco momentos (oito, 15, 30, 60 e 90 dias após a implantação). A análise histopatológica foi realizada para avaliar a inflamação por infiltração de células polimorfonucleares, neovascularização e fibrose. Os resultados obtidos neste trabalho sugerem que a inflamação geral diminuiu após 60 dias de implantação, independentemente da concentração de Zn. O escore de fibrose foi aumentado na HA comercial comparada com o controle e com a HA hidratada com Zn. Este trabalho mostra que a hidroxiapatita bovina é um material biocompatível independentemente da concentração de nitrato de zinco e possui as mesmas propriedades da hidroxiapatita comercial.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Coelhos , Zinco , Materiais Biocompatíveis , Osseointegração , Hidroxiapatitas , Modelos Animais
7.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 39(10): 830-836, Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1056901

RESUMO

Equid alphaherpesvirus 1 (EHV-1) is an important pathogen of horses, associated with respiratory, neurological disease and abortions. As vaccination is not always effective, anti-herpetic therapy may represent an alternative to prevent the losses caused by the infection. We herein investigated the activity of ganciclovir (GCV), an anti-herpetic human drug, in rabbits experimentally infected with EHV-1. Thirty-days-old New Zealand rabbits were allocated in three groups (6 animals each) and submitted to different treatments: G1 (non-infected controls), G2 (inoculated with EHV-1) - 107 TCID50 intranasally - IN) and G3 (inoculated IN with EHV-1 and treated with GCV - 5mg/kg/day for 7 days) and monitored thereafter. All animals of G2 developed systemic signs (moderate to severe apathy, anorexia), ocular discharge and respiratory signs (serous to mucopurulent nasal discharge), including mild to severe respiratory distress. Viremia was detected in all rabbits of G2 for up to 11 days (mean duration = 6.5 days). One animal died after severe respiratory distress and neurological signs (bruxism, opistotonus). In addition, these animals gained less weight than the control (G1) and GCV-treated rabbits (G3) from days 4 to 14pi (p<0.05). The clinical score of rabbits of G2 was statistically higher than the other groups from days 3 to 6pi (p<0.05), demonstrating a more severe disease. In contrast, G3 rabbits did not present systemic signs, presented only a mild and transient nasal secretion and gained more weight than G2 animals (p<0.05). In addition, viremia was detected in only 3 rabbits and was transient (average of 2.3 days). Thus, administration of GCV to rabbits inoculated IN with EHV-1 resulted in an important attenuation of the clinical disease as demonstrated by full prevention of systemic signs, maintenance of weight gain and by drastic reduction in viremia and in the magnitude of respiratory signs. These results are promising towards further testing of GCV as a potential drug for anti-herpetic therapy in horses.(AU)


O alfaherpesvírus equino 1 (EHV-1) é um importante patógeno de equinos, associado com doença respiratória, neurológica e abortos. Como a vacinação nem sempre é eficaz, a terapia anti-herpética pode representar uma alternativa para prevenir as perdas causadas pela infecção. Para tal, investigou-se a atividade do ganciclovir (GCV), uma droga anti-herpética de uso humano, em coelhos infectados experimentalmente com o EHV-1. Coelhos da raça Nova Zelândia com 30 dias de idade foram alocados em três grupos (6 animais cada) e submetidos a diferentes tratamentos: G1 (controles não infectados), G2 (inoculados com o EHV-1) - 107 TCID50 intranasal - IN) e G3 (inoculados IN com o EHV-1 e tratados com GCV - 5mg/kg/dia por 7 dias), e monitorados posteriormente. Todos os animais do G2 desenvolveram sinais sistêmicos (apatia moderada a grave, anorexia), secreção ocular e sinais respiratórios (secreção nasal serosa a mucopurulenta), incluindo dificuldade respiratória leve a grave. Viremia foi detectada em todos os coelhos do G2 por até 11 dias (duração média = 6,5 dias). Um animal morreu após dificuldade respiratória grave e sinais neurológicos (bruxismo, opistótono). Além disso, esses animais ganharam menos peso que os coelhos controle (G1) e tratados com GCV (G3) entre os dias 4 e 14pi (p<0,05). O escore clínico de coelhos do G2 foi estatisticamente maior que os demais grupos dos dias 3 a 6pi (p<0,05), demonstrando uma doença mais grave. Em contraste, os coelhos do G3 não apresentaram sinais sistêmicos, apresentaram apenas secreção nasal leve e transiente e ganharam mais peso que os animais do G2 (p<0,05). Além disso, a viremia foi detectada em apenas 3 coelhos e foi transitória (média de 2,3 dias). Assim, a administração de GCV a coelhos inoculados com EHV-1 resultou em uma importante atenuação da doença clínica, como demonstrado pela prevenção completa de sinais sistêmicos, manutenção do ganho de peso e pela redução drástica da viremia e da magnitude dos sinais respiratórios. Estes resultados são promissores para testes adicionais com o GCV para potencial terapêutico anti-herpética em equinos.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Coelhos , Ganciclovir/uso terapêutico , Herpesvirus Equídeo 1 , Infecções por Herpesviridae/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Respiratórias/veterinária , Modelos Animais
8.
Prensa méd. argent ; 105(9 especial): 521-525, oct 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1046371

RESUMO

Over the last decade, the interest in using bacterial cellulose in medicine has increased. The article publishes the data about the efficiency of healing burn wounds in rabbits in experimental conditions with the use of the DermaRM wound dressing, compared to the traditionally used Panthenol ointment and the Branolind N salve dressing


Assuntos
Animais , Coelhos , Pomadas/uso terapêutico , Bandagens , Queimaduras/terapia , Celulose/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento , Tempo para o Tratamento
9.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 54(3): 268-274, May-June 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013720

RESUMO

Abstract Objectives The present study aims to analyze the mechanical and histopathological aspects of flexor tendon healing focusing on the suture placement site in a vascular or in an avascular region. Methods A total of 83 rabbits were submitted to a Kessler-type central suture in the vascularized tendon region (TN group) and in the avascular tendon region (FC group). The operated limb was immobilized for 3 weeks. The animals were sacrificed in the immediate postoperative period, and at 2, 3 and 6 weeks after the procedure. The mechanical properties studied were: maximumload, stress at maximumload,modulus of elasticity, energy at maximum load, and energy per area. The contralateral tendon was used as control. The histopathological study was descriptive. Results The analysis of the mechanical properties showed similar behavior in both groups, with stabilization or discrete increased values between the immediate period and 3 weeks after the procedure, and marked increased values at 6 weeks. Histopathology demonstrated that the healing process was similar in the TN and FC groups. Conclusion Central suture placement in the vascularized or avascular fibrocartilaginous region results in no differences in the biomechanical and histopathological aspects of flexor tendon healing in rabbits.


Resumo Objetivos Analisar os aspectos mecânicos e histopatológicos da cicatrização do tendão flexor com interesse no local de colocação da sutura, na região vascularizada ou avascular. Métodos Um total de 83 coelhos foram submetidos à sutura central tipo Kessler na região de tendão vascularizado (grupo TN) e na de tendão avascular (grupo FC). O membro operado foi imobilizado por 3 semanas. Os animais foram sacrificados no período imediato, e a 2, 3 e 6 semanas de pós-operatório. As propriedades mecânicas estudadas foram: carga máxima, tensão na carga máxima, módulo de elasticidade, energia na carga máxima e energia por área. O tendão contralateral foi utilizado como controle. O estudo histopatológico foi descritivo. Resultados A análise das propriedades mecânicas demonstrou comportamento semelhante em ambos os grupos, com estabilização ou discreto aumento no período imediato com 3 semanas e aumento acentuado com 6 semanas. A histopatologia demonstrou processo de cicatrização semelhante nos grupos TN e FC. Conclusão A colocação da sutura central na região vascularizada ou fibrocartilaginosa avascular não apresenta diferenças em relação aos aspectos biomecânicos e histopatológicos na cicatrização do tendão flexor profundo dos dedos do pé do coelho.


Assuntos
Coelhos , Suturas , Traumatismos dos Tendões
10.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 84(3): 285-295, jun. 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1020344

RESUMO

Introducción: El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar y comparar las características de las membranas que se forman alrededor de espaciadores de cemento y aquellas que rodean a implantes de titanio y acero. Materiales y Métodos: Veinte conejos en 2 grupos de 10: grupo 1, espaciador de cemento con antibióticos en fémur derecho y clavo de titanio (TEN) en fémur izquierdo; grupo 2, espaciador de cemento con antibióticos más corticoide en fémur derecho y clavija de acero en fémur izquierdo. A las 6 semanas se extrajeron las membranas. Se evaluaron sus características macroscópicas, bioquímicas, histológicas y en las imágenes. Resultados: Macroscopia: la membrana del cemento con antibióticos era significativamente más ancha y, en el cemento con corticoide y el TEN, era muy fina y adherente. Microscopia: menos inflamación en el cemento con corticoide (p = 0,0502), sin diferencias con las clavijas (p = 0,322). La proliferación epitelial era mayor en las clavijas (p = 0,026) y escasa en el cemento con corticoide (p = 0,071). Hubo una leve tendencia a la proliferación vascular (p = 0,107), de menor actividad, en el grupo con corticoide vs. sin corticoide. No hubo diferencias entre clavija y TEN (p = 0,737). No hubo diferencias significativas en las radiografías y la tomografía (p = 0,988). En la resonancia magnética, la mayoría de las respuestas en el grupo 2 indicaron sin osteointegración, debido a distorsión de la imagen (metal). Conclusiones: Diferentes materiales y los diferentes agregados alteran macroscópica e histológicamente las membranas. El cemento con corticoide presentó menor inflamación y fibrosis, menos proliferación vascular, y membranas más finas y adherentes.


Background: The objective of this study is to analyze and compare the characteristics of the membranes that form around cement spacers; as well as the one that develops around titanium and steel implants. Materials and Methods: 20 rabbits were divided into 2 groups of 10. In Group 1, an antibiotic-coated cement spacer was placed on the right femur, and a titanium elastic nail (TEN) on the left one. In Group 2, an antibiotic/steroid-coated cement spacer was placed on the right femur, and a steel peg on the left one. At 6 weeks, the membranes were removed and its macroscopic, imaging, biochemical and histological characteristics were evaluated. Results: Macroscopy: The membrane induced by the ATB-coated cement spacer was significantly wider, whereas the one induced by the steroid-coated cement spacer and the TEN was very thin and adherent. Microscopy: The membrane induced by the steroid-coated cement spacer showed less inflammation (p = 0.0502) and was similar to the one induced by the steel peg (p = 0.322). Steel pegs showed greater epithelial proliferation (p = 0.026), which was scarce on the membrane induced by the steroid-coated cement spacer (p = 0.071). There was a mild tendency towards less active vascular proliferation (p = 0.107) in the group of the steroid-coated cement spacer vs. the one without steroids. There were no differences between the steel peg and the TEN (p = 0.737). X-rays and CT showed no significant differences (p = 0.988). In MRIs, most of the responses indicated lack of osseointegration in the steel peg group due to metallic artifacts. Conclusions: Different materials (titanium, steel and cement) with different agents added to them (antibiotics and steroids), alter the membranes both macroscopically and histologically. The steroidcoated cement spacer showed less inflammation and fibrosis, less vascular proliferation, and thinner and adherent membranes.


Assuntos
Animais , Coelhos , Osso e Ossos , Cimentos para Ossos , Regeneração Óssea , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Membranas
11.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(2): 701-705, June 2019. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002280

RESUMO

The frequent use of animal models in biomedical research means that the anatomy or histology of the animals is constantly analyzed so the results obtained can be extrapolated to human tissues; therefore, knowledge of the structures studied is truly important. This study compares the human parotid gland to that of three animal species from a histological point of view. Five parotid gland samples from each animal species were used: Sprague Dawley rats (Rattus norvegicus), C57BL/6 mice (Mus musculus) and male rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus). The samples were stained using H/E, Masson trichrome and van Gieson's techniques. The anatomical relations of the parotid glands in the three species were the facial nerve, master muscle and mandibular ramus among other anatomical elements. Histologically, the duct system in the three species is comprised of intercalated, striated, excretory ducts and main excretory ducts. Human, rodent and rabbit parotid glands are made of purely serous adenomeres. The intercalated and striated ducts are prominent. The human parotid gland is well characterized by intralobular adipose tissue, as is observed in rabbit, whereas the adipocytes are not prominent in the parotid gland in rats and mice. The tissue of the rat parotid gland contained a large number of serous acini that included a large area of gland tissue and few ducts, as observed in the rabbit and human. The glands studied present considerable morphological similarities with the human one that make them reliable candidates as experimental models of parotid tissue.


El frecuente uso de modelo animal en investigación biomédica, hace que constantemente sea analizada la anatomía o histología de dichos animales, donde los resultados obtenidos deben ser extrapolables a tejidos humanos, por lo cual el conocimiento de las estructuras estudiadas, es realmente importante. El presente trabajo compara a la glándula parótida humana con las de tres especies desde un punto de vista histológico. Se utilizaron muestras de glándula parótida de ratas Sprague Dawley (Rattus norvegicus) (n=5), ratones (Mus musculus) cepa C57BL/6 (n=5) y conejos (Oryctolagus cuniculus) (n=5) machos, las cuales fueron teñidas con técnicas de H/E, Tricrómico de Masson y van Gieson. Las glándulas parótidas analizadas se relacionaron anatómicamente en todas las especies con elementos tales como nervio facial, músculo masetero, rama mandibular entre otros. Con respecto a la histología, el sistema de conductos de roedores así como de conejo se compone de conductos intercalados (ID), estriado (SD), excretor (ED) y conductos excretores principales. Las glándulas parótidas humanas, de roedores y conejos están compuestas de adenómeros serosos puros. La ID y SD son prominentes. La glándula parótida humana está bien caracterizada por tejido adiposo intralobular, al igual a lo encontrado en el conejo, mientras que los adipocitos no son prominentes en la glándula parótida en ratas y ratones. El tejido de la glándula parótida de la rata se observaron gran cantidad de acinos serosos que comprenden una gran área del tejido de la glándula y unos pocos conductos, al igual que el conejo y humano. Las glándulas estudiadas presentan semejanzas morfológicas considerables con la humana que las hacen candidatas confiables al momento de su elección como modelos experimentales del tejido parotídeo.


Assuntos
Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Coelhos , Ratos , Glândula Parótida/anatomia & histologia , Anatomia Comparada , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
12.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(3): 944-952, May-June 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1011295

RESUMO

It is important to identify the best inspired fraction of oxygen in a variety of situations, including sevoflurane or isoflurane anesthesia, in spontaneously breathing rabbits. For this, 64 rabbits were assigned to eight groups: GI100 (FiO2= 1,0 + isoflurane), GS100 (FiO2= 1,0 + sevoflurane), GI80 (FiO2= 0,8 + isoflurane), GS80 (FiO2= 0,8 + sevoflurane), GI60 (FiO2= 0,6 + isoflurane), GS60 (FiO2= 0,6 + sevoflurane), GI21 (FiO2= 0,21 + isoflurane), GS21 (FiO2= 0,21 + sevoflurane). The induction was performed with (2.5MAC) of the anesthetic. The vaporizer was setted at 1.5 MAC and FiO2 as attributed for each group. After the induction, the concentration was changed to 1 MAC. Measurements of parameters were performed 30 minutes after induction (T0), and then at 15 minute intervals (from T15 to T60). The arterial partial pressures of oxygen (PaO2), alveolar oxygen partial pressure (PAO2) and alveolar-arterial oxygen gradient [P(A-a)O2] were higher with the use of high FiO2. The GI80 showed higher levels of PaO2 FiO2 ratio and respiratory index (RI). In conclusion, the FiO2 of 0.21 is not indicated, because it causes hypoxemia. The isoflurane determines better ventilation when compared to sevoflurane, but isoflurane associated with 80% of oxygen promotes intrapulmonary shunt increase.(AU)


Tornou-se importante identificar a melhor fração inspirada de oxigênio em variadas situações, incluindo anestesia pelo sevoflurano ou isoflurano, em coelhos respirando espontaneamente. Para isso, 64 coelhos foram distribuídos em oito grupos: GI100 (FiO 2 = 1,0 + isoflurano), GS100 (FiO 2 = 1,0 + sevoflurano), GI80 (FiO 2 = 0,8 + isoflurano), GS80 (FiO 2 = 0,8 + sevoflurano), GI60 (FiO 2 = 0,6 + isoflurano), GS60 (FiO 2 = 0,6 + sevoflurano), GI21 (FiO 2 = 0,21 + isoflurano) e GS21 (FiO 2 = 0,21 + sevoflurano). A indução foi com 2,5 CAM do anestésico. Ajustou-se o vaporizador para 1,5 CAM, e a FiO 2 foi atribuída a cada grupo. Em seguida, a CAM foi reajustada para 1,0. Iniciaram-se as mensurações 30 minutos após a indução (M0), seguidas em intervalos de 15 minutos (de M15 a M60). As pressões parciais de oxigênio (PaO 2 ), a pressão parcial alveolar de oxigênio (P A O 2 ) e a diferença alvéolo-arterial de oxigênio [P(A-a)O 2 ] foram maiores com o emprego de altas FiO 2 . O GI80 apresentou maiores valores na relação entre PaO 2 e FiO 2 e índice respiratório (IR). Conclui-se que a FiO 2 0,21 não é indicada, pois provoca hipoxemia. No entanto, utilizada com isoflurano, determina melhor ventilação quando comparado ao sevoflurano, porém seu uso, associado a 80% de oxigênio, promove maior formação de shunt intrapulmonar.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Coelhos/cirurgia , Oxigenação/métodos , Anestesia por Inalação/veterinária , Isoflurano
13.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(2): 473-480, mar.-abr. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1011260

RESUMO

Objetivou-se avaliar a correção da medida ultrassonográfica da área do músculo Longissimus dorsi, em coelhos da raça Nova Zelândia, pela análise de covariância usando modelos mistos. Foram realizadas análises em delineamento em blocos completos ao acaso, com cinco tratamentos (operadores) e seis blocos (animais), considerando na análise: a inexistência de covariáveis; a covariável comprimento de olho de lombo; a covariável profundidade de olho de lombo; e as duas covariáveis juntas. Como os animais são uma amostra aleatória, o efeito de bloco foi considerado como aleatório. Consideraram-se as covariáveis como medidas com efeito fixo sem erro, independentemente do tratamento e do comportamento linear. As estatísticas de critério de decisão CV%, R ² e R ¯ ² evidenciaram relação direta entre si e podem ser consideradas para avaliar a precisão experimental em ensaios com avaliação de carcaças. Os valores das estatísticas AIC, BIC e AICC apresentam coerência com a interpretação dos critérios de decisão e indicam que o modelo com duas covariáveis proporciona resultados acurados. A inclusão das covariáveis complementa o controle de local com melhoria na precisão do experimento. A utilização das medidas ultrassonográficas de profundidade e comprimento corrige a média da área do músculo Longissimus dorsi avaliado por diferentes operadores.(AU)


The objective of this study was to evaluate the correction ultrasonographic measurement of area the Longissimus dorsi muscle in New Zealand rabbits by covariance analysis using mixed linear models. The analyzes were performed in randomized block design with 5 treatments (operators) and 6 blocks (animals), considering in the analysis: absence of covariates; rib eye length as covariate; rib eye depth as covariate; the two covariates together. As the animals are a random sample, the block effect was considered to be random. The covariates were considered as measures of fixed effect without error, independent of treatment and linear comportment. The decision criterion statistics CV%, R², and R ¯ ²showed a direct relationship between them and can be taken into consideration to evaluate the experimental accuracy in tests with carcass evaluation. The AIC, BIC, and AICC statistics are consistent with the interpretation of the decision criteria and indicate that the two covariates in model provides accurate results. The inclusion of covariates complements the local control to improve the accuracy of the experiment. The use of ultrasound measurements of depth and length corrects the mean area of the Longissimus dorsi muscle evaluated by different operators.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Coelhos , Coelhos/anatomia & histologia , Músculos/diagnóstico por imagem , Indústria da Carne , Ultrassonografia/veterinária
14.
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(2): 164-171, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001151

RESUMO

Abstract BACKGROUND: Tacrolimus, for its activity on modulation of collagen production and fibroblast activity, may have a role in the prevention of hypertrophic scars. OBJECTIVES: Evaluate macroscopic, microscopic, metabolic, laboratory effects and side effects of the use of topical tacrolimus ointment, in different concentrations, in the prevention of hypertrophic scars. METHODS: Twenty-two rabbits were submitted to the excision of 2 fragments of 1 cm of each ear, 4 cm apart, down to cartilage. The left ear of the animals was standardized as control and Vaseline applied twice a day. The right ear received tacrolimus ointment, at concentrations of 0.1% on the upper wound and 0.03% on the lower wound, also applied twice a day. Macroscopic, microscopic, laboratory criteria and the animals' weight were evaluated after 30 days of the experiment. RESULTS: Wounds treated with tacrolimus, at concentrations of 0.1% and 0.03%, when compared to control, showed a lower average degree of thickening (p = 0.048 and p <0.001, respectively). The average of scar thickness and lymphocyte, neutrophil and eosinophil concentrations are lower in the treated wounds compared to the control (p <0.001, p=0.022, p=0.007, p=0.044, respectively). The mean concentration of lymphocytes is lower in wounds treated with a higher concentration of the drug (p=0.01). STUDY LIMITATIONS: experiment lasted only 30 days. CONCLUSIONS: Tacrolimus at the 2 concentrations evaluated reduced the severity of inflammatory changes and positively altered the macroscopic aspect of the scar in the short term. Its use was shown to be safe, with no evidence of systemic or local adverse effects.


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Coelhos , Tacrolimo/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Calcineurina/uso terapêutico , Pomadas , Ureia/sangue , Albumina Sérica/análise , Albumina Sérica/efeitos dos fármacos , Administração Tópica , Tacrolimo/administração & dosagem , Tacrolimo/farmacologia , Cicatriz Hipertrófica/patologia , Cicatriz Hipertrófica/prevenção & controle , Contagem de Linfócitos , Creatinina/sangue , Alanina Transaminase/efeitos dos fármacos , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Orelha Externa/patologia , Eritema/patologia , Inibidores de Calcineurina/administração & dosagem , Inibidores de Calcineurina/farmacologia , Inflamação/patologia , Inflamação/prevenção & controle
15.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 23(1): 60-64, Jan.-Mar. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002175

RESUMO

Abstract Introduction The human larynx is a very important organ for communication. Many conditions lead to scarring of the vocal folds, decreasing voice quality. Objective We aimed to determine whether fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) may influence tissue integration of grafted fascia into the vocal folds of an animal model. Methods This is an experimental animal study with 12 adult rabbits that were submitted to a grafting fragment obtained from superficial cervical fascia into the vocal fold lamina propria, bilaterally. The right vocal fold was injected with FGFs. The animals were sacrificed after 1 month or 12 months, depending on the group they were assigned to, and a histological analysis of their vocal folds was performed.We analyzed the histological changes (such as the presence of fibrosis and neovascularization) induced by the acute or chronic inflammatory reactions. Results The FGFs induced acute inflammatory changes in all animals after 1 month of the initial experiment. The presence of FGFs triggered more fibrosis than the expected due to the surgical procedure itself when compared with the control side of all animals after 12 months of the initial experiment. Conclusions Fibroblast growth factors alone do not represent a good therapeutic option in phonosurgery, since we observed higher levels of fibrosis in the vocal fold lamina propria. Further studies combining more substances may be necessary to elucidate the best option to be used in this kind of surgery. (AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Prega Vocal/patologia , Fascia Lata/transplante , Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/farmacologia , Coelhos , Fibrose/etiologia , Doenças da Laringe/congênito , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Neovascularização Patológica/etiologia
16.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 18(2): 204-222, mar. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1007819

RESUMO

To explore the mechanistic basis behind smooth muscle relaxant prospective of Bismarckia nobilis in gastrointestinal, respiratory and cardiovascular ailments. The methanolic extract of B. nobilis and sub-fractions have been evaluated in vitro rabbit isolated tissues, in vivo castor oil-induced diarrhea in rats and charcoal meal activity in mice. The B. nobilis extract relaxed spontaneous and K+(80 mM)- induced contractions in rabbit isolated jejunum preparations, CCh (1 µM) and K+ (80 mM)-induced contractions in tracheal and bladder preparations, PE (1 µM) and K+ (80 mM)-induced concentrations in aorta preparations, likewise verapamil. Spasmolytic activity of dichloromethane fraction is stronger as compared to aqueous fraction. In vivo castor oil-induced diarrhea in rats and charcoal meal activity in mice further supported spasmolytic activity. B. nobilis extract possess anti-spasmodic, anti-diarrheal, airway relaxant and vasodilator activities possible mediated through calcium channel blocking mechanism, justifying therapeutic utility of B. nobilis in diarrhea, asthma and hypertension.


El objetivo de trabajo fue explorar el mecanismo de acción relacionado con el efecto relajante del músculo liso inducido por Bismarckia nobilis (B. nobilis) en enfermedades gastrointestinales, respiratorias y cardiovasculares. El extracto metanólico de B. nobilis y subfracciones fue evaluado in vitro en tejidos aislados de conejos. Además se evaluó diarrea in vivo inducida con aceite de ricino en ratas y la actividad de harina de carbón vegetal en ratones. El extracto de B. nobilis relajó tanto las contracciones espontáneas como las inducidas por K+(80 mM) en preparaciones de yeyuno aisladas de conejos, las contracciones inducidas por PE (1 µM) y K+(80 mM) inducidas en preparaciones de aorta; de manera similar a verapamilo. La actividad espasmolítica de la fracción de diclorometano es más potente en comparación con la fracción acuosa. La diarrea inducida in vivo por el aceite de ricino en ratas y la actividad de la harina de carbón vegetal en ratones apoyaron aún más la actividad espasmolítica. El extracto de B. nobilis posee actividades antiespasmódicas, antidiarreicas, relajantes de las vías respiratorias y vasodilatadoras, posibles a través del mecanismo de bloqueo de los canales de calcio, lo que justifica la utilidad terapéutica de B. nobilis en la diarrea, el asma y la hipertensión.


Assuntos
Animais , Coelhos , Ratos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Antiasmáticos/farmacologia , Arecaceae , Antidiarreicos/farmacologia , Anti-Hipertensivos/farmacologia , Aorta/efeitos dos fármacos , Asma/metabolismo , Traqueia/efeitos dos fármacos , Bloqueadores dos Canais de Cálcio/farmacologia , Diarreia/metabolismo , Metanol , Hipotensão/metabolismo , Jejuno/efeitos dos fármacos , Relaxamento Muscular/efeitos dos fármacos , Músculo Liso/efeitos dos fármacos
17.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 3364, 01 Fevereiro 2019. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-998008

RESUMO

Objective: To perform a clinical and histological evaluation, characterizing and proving the feasibility of the use of beta tricalcium phosphate (HA/ßTCP) bioceramics as a bone defect repair material, comparing it with autogenous bone and blood clot in terms of osteoinductive, conductive, and genic capacities. Material and Methods: The experiment was based on 3 critical defects in the mandible of 11 New Zealand rabbits. The defects were filled with HA/ßTCP bioceramics and autogenous bone, respectively, collected and ground during the development of defects and blood clots. The animals were euthanized after the 90-day experiment and samples were collected for histomorphological examination. To evaluate differences between the groups, a one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was performed with Tukey's post hoc test. An α value lower than 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Microscopy revealed the presence of osteoblasts, osteoclasts, and osteocytes associated or not associated with the presence of mature or immature bone. All the studied materials presented bone neoformation in all cases, with the presence of mature and immature bone. Regarding the presence of HA/ßTCP bioceramic residual material, the same was found in 7 of 11 slides. Conclusion: HA/ßTCP bioceramics were shown to be a biocompatible bone substitute, with osteoinductive and osteoconductive characteristics, accelerating the process of new bone formation when compared with autogenous and blood clotted bone, thereby showing promise for bone defect repair with safety and efficacy.


Assuntos
Animais , Coelhos , Osso e Ossos , Implantes Dentários , Cerâmica/análise , Hidroxiapatitas , Nova Zelândia , Coelhos , Análise de Variância , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Microscopia/instrumentação
18.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(1): 349-352, jan.-fev. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1038585

RESUMO

Este estudo objetiva reportar a ocorrência de apoptose in vivo induzida pelo veneno da serpente Bothrops alternatus em células musculares esqueléticas. Cinco coelhos machos, adultos, receberam 150µg/kg de veneno no músculo vasto lateral, enquanto outros cinco animais receberam 0,1% de BSA diluído em PBS no mesmo local. Após 12 horas, os animais foram eutanasiados, e amostras do local de inoculação foram coletadas para análise histopatológica. Foram evidenciadas necrose e hemorragia nas células musculares. Além disso, a análise imuno-histoquímica para identificação de caspase-3 ativada revelou marcações granulares e agregadas no citoplasma das células musculares, compatíveis com o processo de apoptose. Este é o primeiro relato que confirma o veneno de B. alternatus como causador de apoptose in vivo em células musculares esqueléticas.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Coelhos , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Bothrops , Venenos de Crotalídeos/envenenamento , Músculos/fisiopatologia
19.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(3): e201900303, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-989066

RESUMO

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate whether there is a relationship between renal artery vasospasm related low glomerular density or degeneration and neurogenic lung edema (NLE) following subarachnoid hemorrhage. Methods: This study was conducted on 26 rabbits. A control group was formed of five animals, a SHAM group of 5 to which saline and a study group (n=16) injected with homologous blood into the sylvian cisterna. Numbers of degenerated axons of renal branches of vagal nerves, atrophic glomerulus numbers and NLE scores were recorded. Results: Important vagal degeneration, severe renal artery vasospasm, intrarenal hemorrhage and glomerular atrophy observed in high score NLE detected animals. The mean degenerated axon density of vagal nerves (n/mm2), atrophic glomerulus density (n/mm3) and NLE scores of control, SHAM and study groups were estimated as 2.40±1.82, 2.20±1.30, 1.80±1.10, 8.00±2.24, 8.80±2.39, 4.40±1.14 and 154.38±13.61, 34.69±2.68 and 12.19±1.97 consecutively. Degenerated vagal axon, atrophic glomerulus and NLE scores are higher in study group than other groups and the differences are statistically meaningful (p<0.001). Conclusion: Vagal complex degeneration based glomerular atrophy have important roles on NLE following SAH which has not been extensively mentioned in the literature.


Assuntos
Animais , Coelhos , Edema Pulmonar/etiologia , Artéria Renal , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea/complicações , Isquemia/complicações , Rim/irrigação sanguínea , Degeneração Neural/complicações , Nervo Vago/patologia , Doenças Vasculares/complicações , Modelos Animais de Doenças
20.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(8): e201900804, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038125

RESUMO

Abstract Purpose To develop a rabbit model of a short peripheral catheter (SPC) and to observe the effects of different flushing methods on blood vessels. Methods Thirty rabbits were randomly divided into three groups (A, B, and C), with ten rabbits per group. In group A, we used pulsed flush; in group B, we used uniform flush; and no treatment was used in group C. Results We observed that a uniform flush reduced blockage, phlebitis, and exudation compared to a pulsed flush by visual observation. The histopathological examination found that the morphological changes in group A were more severe than in group B and C related to loss of venous endothelial cells, inflammatory cell infiltration, edema, epidermal and chondrocyte degeneration, except for the thrombosis on group B that was more serious than in group A, especially in the distal side of puncture points. The distal region of groups A and B had more inflammatory cell infiltration than the proximal region. Thrombosis was more severe in the distal region than in the proximal region in group B. Conclusions The uniform flush produced less damage to the vascular endothelium and surrounding tissues and was superior to the pulsed flush. However, the uniform flush is prone to thrombosis.


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Coelhos , Vasos Sanguíneos/patologia , Cateterismo Periférico/métodos , Flebite/etiologia , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional , Cateterismo Periférico/efeitos adversos , Endotélio Vascular/patologia , Endotélio Vascular/ultraestrutura , Distribuição Aleatória , Células Endoteliais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Orelha/irrigação sanguínea
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