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Electron. j. biotechnol ; 41: 60-71, sept. 2019. graf, tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1087169


Background: The aim of this work was to purify and characterize exo-ß-1,3-glucanase, namely, TtBgnA, from the thermophilic fungus Thielavia terrestris Co3Bag1 and to identify the purified enzyme. Results: The thermophilic biomass-degrading fungus T. terrestris Co3Bag1 displayed ß-1,3-glucanase activity when grown on 1% glucose. An exo-ß-1,3-glucanase, with an estimated molecular mass of 129 kDa, named TtBgnA, was purified from culture filtrates from T. terrestris Co3Bag1. The enzyme exhibited optimum activity at pH 6.0 and 70°C and half-lives (t1/2) of 54 and 37 min at 50 and 60°C, respectively. Substrate specificity analysis showed that laminarin was the best substrate studied for TtBgnA. When laminarin was used as the substrate, the apparent KM and Vmax values were determined to be 2.2 mg mL-1 and 10.8 U/mg, respectively. Analysis of hydrolysis products by thin-layer chromatography (TLC) revealed that TtBgnA displays an exo mode of action. Additionally, the enzyme was partially sequenced by tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS), and the results suggested that TtBgnA from T. terrestris Co3Bag1 could be classified as a member of the GH-31 family. Conclusions: This report thus describes the purification and characterization of TtBgnA, a novel exo-ß-1,3-glucanase of the GH-31 family from the thermophilic fungus T. terrestris Co3Bag1. Based on the biochemical properties displayed by TtBgnA, the enzyme could be considered as a candidate for potential biotechnological applications.

Sordariales/enzimologia , Glucana 1,3-beta-Glucosidase/química , Temperatura , Estabilidade Enzimática , Celulases , Glucana 1,3-beta-Glucosidase/isolamento & purificação , Eletroforese em Gel de Poliacrilamida , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Ensaios Enzimáticos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio
Braz. j. microbiol ; 45(1): 279-286, 2014. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-709463


Cellulase production was evaluated in two reference strains (T. reesei Rut-C30 and T. reesei QM9414), two strains isolated from a sugarcane cultivation area (Trichoderma sp. IPT778 and T. harzianum rifai IPT821) and one strain isolated in a program for biodiversity preservation in São Paulo state (Myceliophthora thermophila M77). Solid state cultures were performed using sugarcane bagasse (C), wheat bran (W) and/or soybean bran (S). The highest FPA was 10.6 U/gdm for M77 in SC (10:90) at 80% moisture, which was 4.4 times higher than production in pure W. C was a strong inducer of cellulase production, given that the production level of 6.1 U/gdm in WC (40:60) was 2.5 times higher than in pure W for strain M77; T. reesei Rut-C30 did not respond as strongly with about 1.6-fold surplus production. S advantageously replaced W, as the surplus production on SC (20:80) was 2.3 times relative to WC (20:80) for M77.

Biotecnologia/métodos , Celulase/metabolismo , Meios de Cultura/química , Fungos/enzimologia , Fungos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Fibras na Dieta/metabolismo , Saccharum/metabolismo , Sordariales/enzimologia , Sordariales/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Soja/metabolismo , Trichoderma/enzimologia , Trichoderma/crescimento & desenvolvimento