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1.
Biol. Res ; 43(2): 177-182, 2010. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-567532

RESUMO

Helichrysum sanguineum, Helichrysum pamphylicum, Helichrysum orientale, Helichrysum noeanum (Asteraceae) are medicinal plants. For centuries, they have been used as tea in Turkey because of their medicinal properties. So far no scientifc evidence has been found in a literature survey regarding the genotoxic effects of these plants. This work evaluated the genotoxic effects on human lymphocyte cultures induced by methanol extracts of these plants, assayed in different concentrations (0.01, 0.05, 0.1, 0.5 and 1 mg/mL). According to the results, Helichrysum noeanum, Helichrysum pamphylicum and Helichrysum sanguineum induced the formation of micronuclei and decreased the mitotic and replication indexes. Helichrysum orientale did not affect these parameters, whereas Helichrysum noeanum, Helichrysum pamphylicum and Helichrysum sanguineum were clearly genotoxic. They should therefore not be used freely in alternative medicine, although their antiproliferative activity may suggest antimitotic and anticarcinogenic properties. Helichrysum orientale could be used in alternative medicine.


Assuntos
Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Helichrysum/toxicidade , Linfócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/toxicidade , Helichrysum/química , Helichrysum/classificação , Testes para Micronúcleos , Índice Mitótico , Turquia
2.
Biol. Res ; 42(3): 327-338, 2009. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-531966

RESUMO

The effect of combinations of the crude methanolic extract of the leaves of Helichrysum pedunculatum and eight first-line antibiotics were investigated by time kill assays against a panel of bacterial strains that have been implicated in wound infections. The plant extract showed appreciable antibacterial activities against the test bacteria with zones of inhibition ranging between 18 and 27 mm, and minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) varying between 0.1 and 5.0 mg/ml. The MICs of the test antibiotics range between 0.001 and 0.412 mg/ml, and combination of the plant extract and the antibiotics resulted in reduction of bacterial counts by between 0 and 6.63 Log10 cfu/ml. At V2 MIC, 56.81 percent synergy; 43.19 percent indifference and no antagonism were observed, and at MIC levels, 55.68 percent synergy; 44.32 percent indifference and no antagonism were observed when the extracts were combined with eight different antibiotics. In all, 60 percent of the interactions were synergistic. All combination regimes on Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 6538 yielded no synergy, neither was antagonism detected in any of the assays. We propose that extracts of the leaves of Helichrysum pedunculatum could be of relevance in combination therapy and as a source of resistance modifying principies that could be useful as treatment options for persistent wound infections.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/efeitos dos fármacos , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/efeitos dos fármacos , Helichrysum/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Folhas de Planta/química , Infecção dos Ferimentos/microbiologia
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