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1.
Nutrire Rev. Soc. Bras. Aliment. Nutr ; 43: 1-7, Mar. 2018. tab, ilus, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-881664

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Carissa bispinosa, Ficus sycomorus, and Grewia bicolar are edible fruit plants that grow in the wild. The plants produce yellow-, red-, and purple-colored fruits and thus can be good sources of flavonoids for fighting oxidative reactions in humans, food, and the pharmaceutical industry. The present study aimed at isolating flavonoids from C.bispinosa, F. sycomorus, and G. bicolar fruits and determining their antioxidant activity using the 2, 2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and 2, 2-azino-bis 3-ethylbenz-thiaz-oline-6-sulfonic acid (ABTS) model radical assays. METHODS: Analytical and preparative thin-layer chromatography was used to isolate flavonoids from the fruits using methanol/chloroform/hexane (7:2:1,v/v/v) as a mobile phase system. The ABTS and DPPH radical scavenging methods were used to test for the antioxidant activity of the samples, using quercetin and catechin as reference standards. RESULTS:Thin-layer chromatographic profiling revealed two different types of flavonoids from each plant.C. bispinosa yielded two flavonoid bands, Rfvalues 0.11 and 0.38;G. bicolaryielded two flavonoid bands,Rfvalues 0.63 and 0.81; andF.sycomorus also yielded two types of flavonoids, Rfvalues 0.094 and 0.81. All the extracted flavonoids exhibited significant antioxidant activity of over 80% at a concentration of 200 mg/L. The order of radical scavenging activity for the 200-mg/Lsamples is G. bicolar Rf(0.81) >C. bispinosa Rf(0.113) >F. sycomorus Rf(0.094) >F. sycomorus Rf(0.047) >C. bispinosa Rf(0.38) >G. bicolar Rf(0.63).G. bicolar(Rf= 0.81) exhibited antioxidant activitythat was superior to that of catechin. CONCLUSION:The present study results show that C. bispinosa,F. sycomorus,and G. bicolar contain different flavonoid types with significant antioxidant activity of over 80% at a concentration of 200 mg/L. Therefore, the fruits can be used as a source of natural antioxidants which can be used as nutraceuticals to promote health, as preservatives to delay peroxidation of foods, and as flavoring for packed foods.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/uso terapêutico , Apocynaceae/química , Ficus/química , Flavonoides/análise , Grewia/química
2.
Biol. Res ; 45(4): 375-379, 2012. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-668689

RESUMO

Methanolic extracts of different parts of five medicinal plants, Ferula assafoetidaL. resin, Grewia asiaticaL. leaves, Ipomoea hederaceaJacq. seeds, Lepidium sativumL. seeds and Terminalia chebulaRetz. fruits were tested in vitrofor their cytotoxic, phytotoxic, insecticidal, nematicidal and anthelmintic activities. Ipomoea hederaceashowed very significant phytotoxic and cytotoxic activity, with 100% inhibition of Lemna minorgrowth and 100% death of Artemia salinaat concentrations of 1000 and 100 µg mL-1. Grewia asiaticaexhibited very weak activities while Lepidium sativumand Ferula assafoetidashowed moderate to good potential in all three bioassays. The results suggest screening of Ipomoea hederaceaseeds further for isolation of bioactive compounds that may be responsible for its toxic potential.


Assuntos
Animais , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Ferula/química , Grewia/química , Ipomoea/química , Lepidium sativum/química , Paquistão , Extratos Vegetais/classificação , Terminalia/química
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