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1.
Braz. j. phys. ther. (Impr.) ; 18(6): 521-529, 09/01/2015. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-732352

RESUMO

Background: Isokinetic dynamometry allows the measurement of several variables related to muscular performance, many of which are seldom used, while others are redundantly applied to the characterization of muscle function. Objectives: The present study aimed to establish the particular features of muscle function that are captured by the variables currently included in isokinetic assessment and to determine which variables best represent these features in order to achieve a more objective interpretation of muscular performance. Method: This study included 235 male athletes. They performed isokinetic tests of concentric knee flexion and extension of the dominant leg at a velocity of 60º/s. An exploratory factor analysis was performed. Results: The findings demonstrated that isokinetic variables can characterize more than muscle torque production and pointed to the presence of 5 factors that enabled the characterization of muscular performance according to 5 different domains or constructs. Conclusions: The constructs can be described by torque generation capacity; variation of the torque generation capacity along repetitions; movement deceleration capacity; mechanical/physiological factors of torque generation; and acceleration capacity (torque development). Fewer than eight out of sixteen variables are enough to characterize these five constructs. Our results suggest that these variables and these 5 domains may lead to a more systematic and optimized interpretation of isokinetic assessments. .


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Coelhos , Indenos/toxicidade , Neurônios Motores/efeitos dos fármacos , Medula Espinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Clorpromazina/farmacologia , Pentobarbital/farmacologia , Reflexo/efeitos dos fármacos , Medula Espinal/citologia
2.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 67(6): 905-912, Nov-Dec/2014.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: lil-732822

RESUMO

Objetivou-se avaliar o processo de adaptação de idosos que buscam, voluntariamente, residir em Instituição de Longa Permanência para Idosos (ILPI), na cidade de Fortaleza-CE, com base no modelo teórico de Roy. Pesquisa descritiva, realizada em uma IPLI com treze idosos residentes. A coleta de dados foi por meio de entrevista, nos meses de outubro e dezembro de 2011. Os dados foram tratados pela análise de conteúdo temática. Emergiram as seguintes temáticas: Eu Físico, subdividido em sensação corporal e imagem corporal; e Eu Pessoal, subdividido em auto coerência, auto ideal e ser moral-ético-espiritual. Assim, a opção de morar em ILPI não mudou efetivamente a vida dos idosos. Estes conseguiram adaptação ao local e convivem bem com os estímulos internos e externos.


This study aimed to evaluate the adaptation of elderly individuals voluntarily reside in Institution for the Aged (LTCF) in the city of Fortaleza-CE, based on the theoretical model of Roy. Descriptive study, in a IPLI involving thirteen elderly residents. Data collect was through interviews in the months of October and December 2011 and organized by thematic content analysis. The following themes has emerged: I Physical subdivided into body sensation and body image; Staff and I, subdivided into self-consistency and auto ideal be moral-ethical-spiritual. Thus, the option to live in ILPI not effectively changed the lives of elderly people. They managed to adapt to the local and coexist well with internal and external stimuli.


Este estudio tuvo como objetivo evaluar la adaptación de las personas mayores que residen voluntariamente en la Institución para la tercera edad (LTCF) en la ciudad de Fortaleza-CE, basado en el modelo teórico de Roy. Estudio descriptivo, en un IPLI con trece ancianos residentes. Los datos fueran recogidos a través de entrevistas en los meses de octubre y diciembre de 2011 y organizados mediante análisis de contenido temático. Emergieron los siguientes temas: subdivide I Física en la imagen corporal y sensación de cuerpo; El personal y yo, subdividen en auto-consistencia y auto ideal ser moral-ético-espiritual. Por lo tanto, la opción de vivir en ILPI no cambió de manera efectiva la vida de los ancianos. Se las arreglaron para adaptarse a lo local y convivir bien con los estímulos internos y externos.


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Coelhos , Tronco Encefálico/efeitos dos fármacos , Indenos/farmacologia , Micotoxinas/farmacologia , Tronco Encefálico/fisiologia , Diazepam/farmacologia , Estimulação Elétrica , Neurônios Motores/efeitos dos fármacos , Formação Reticular/efeitos dos fármacos
3.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 45(1): 287-293, 2014. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-709489

RESUMO

To optimize the medium for high zofimarin production, sucrose maltose, glucose, tryptone and peptone were used in an orthogonal array design experiment, where the highest value of zofimarin produced was 25.6 µg/mL. This value was about 3 times higher than that obtained with Czapek yeast extract (CzYE) culture medium. A study with Plackett-Burman design showed that sucrose, maltose, glucose and NaNO3 were significant factors in zofimarin production. Further studies using central composite design (CCD) showed the significance of glucose and the interactions of these critical components affecting zofimarin production. Multiple regression analysis of the data yielded a poor fit as shown by the mismatch of the model with these variable factors. When a polynomial equation was applied, the maximum zofimarin production was predicted to be 201.9 µg/mL. Experimental verification yielded a much lower amount of zofimarin, at around 70 µg/mL. Reconsideration of the CCD data and repetition of some runs with high zofimarin production resulted in reproducible zofimarin yield at 79.7 µ/mL. Even though the amount was lower than the predicted value, the medium optimization study was considered to be quite successful as the yield increased to around 8 times that obtained with the original CzYE culture medium.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos/metabolismo , Meios de Cultura/química , Endófitos/metabolismo , Xylariales/metabolismo , Indenos/metabolismo
4.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 43(8): 698-704, Aug. 2010. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-554963

RESUMO

The phyllosphere, i.e., the aerial parts of the plant, provides one of the most important niches for microbial colonization. This niche supports the survival and, often, proliferation of microbes such as fungi and bacteria with diverse lifestyles including epiphytes, saprophytes, and pathogens. Although most microbes may complete the life cycle on the leaf surface, pathogens must enter the leaf and multiply aggressively in the leaf interior. Natural surface openings, such as stomata, are important entry sites for bacteria. Stomata are known for their vital role in water transpiration and gas exchange between the plant and the environment that is essential for plant growth. Recent studies have shown that stomata can also play an active role in limiting bacterial invasion of both human and plant pathogenic bacteria as part of the plant innate immune system. As counter-defense, plant pathogens such as Pseudomonas syringae pv tomato (Pst) DC3000 use the virulence factor coronatine to suppress stomate-based defense. A novel and crucial early battleground in host-pathogen interaction in the phyllosphere has been discovered with broad implications in the study of bacterial pathogenesis, host immunity, and molecular ecology of bacterial diseases.


Assuntos
Aminoácidos/metabolismo , Indenos/metabolismo , Lycopersicon esculentum/fisiologia , Folhas de Planta/fisiologia , Estômatos de Plantas/fisiologia , Pseudomonas syringae/patogenicidade , Fatores de Virulência/fisiologia , Aminoácidos/genética , Lycopersicon esculentum/genética , Lycopersicon esculentum/microbiologia , Folhas de Planta/microbiologia , Estômatos de Plantas/microbiologia , Pseudomonas syringae/genética , Fatores de Virulência/genética
5.
Invest. med. int ; 8(3): 268-71, 1981.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: lil-4061

RESUMO

En estudio comparativo abierto con duracion de 6 semanas, mediante examen gastroscopico se evaluo la seguridad y tolerancia de fenbufen y sulindac em 24 pacientes; 20 gornatrosis y 4 coxartrosis. Las edades estuvieron comprendidas entre 45 y 70 anos. Tanto en la semana cero "depuracion de drogas" como al concluir el tratamiento, se practicaron examenes de laboratorio comprendiendo hematologia, quimica sanguinea, examen de orina y pruebas de funcionamiento hepatico. El estudio gastroscopico se realizo al final de las semanas cero y sexta, ignorando el endoscopista el medicamento que recibia el paciente.El esquema de tratamiento con fenbufen fue de 900 mg/24 h repartido en dos tomas (capsulas de 300 mg 1-0-2) y con sulindac de 300 mg/24 h repartido en dos tomas (tabletas de 100 mg 1-0-2). Se observo imagen endoscopica de gastritis en dos pacientes del grupo sulindac, 18% (2/11) y en ninguno del grupo fenbufen, no hubo cambios en los examenes de laboratorio relacionados con la administracion de los medicamentos. Se concluye una mejor tolerancia en el grupo fenbufen proponiendo su uso para el manejo de artropatias degenerativas


Assuntos
Indenos , Osteoartrite , Propionatos
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