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1.
Nutrire Rev. Soc. Bras. Aliment. Nutr ; 43: 1-8, Mar. 2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-881667

RESUMO

Background:The evidence that cardiovascular disease begins in childhood and adolescence, especially in the presence of excess weight, is associated with dysfunction on adipokine pro-inflammatory secretion. These affect glucose metabolism and lead to other complications related to insulin resistance and cardiovascular disease. This study assessed the association of anthropometric and metabolic parameters related to obesity, cardiovascular risk,and insulin resistance with concentrations of resistin and visfatin, in children. Methods: A cross-sectional study was developed with 178 children of 6­10 years old enrolled in public city schools. Anthropometric data, composition body, clinical, and biochemical were measured according to standard procedures. We used multiple regression models by stepwise method to evaluate the associations of resistin and visfatin with variables of interest.RESULTS: In healthy weight children, resistin was associated with LDL cholesterol, visfatin, atherogenic index, andwaist-to-height ratio, whereas in obese children resistin was associated with visfatin and interaction between conicity index and HOMA-AD. Furthermore, in healthy weight children, visfatin was associated to resistin and triceps skinfold thickness and negatively associated to HOMA-AD, while in obese ones visfatin was associated with waist-to-height ratio, atherogenic index, resistin, and interaction between trunk adiposity index and adiponectin and wasnegatively associated with the HOMA-IR index.CONCLUSIONS:Our study shows an association between anthropometric and biochemical variables related tovisceral fat and inflammation. These results suggest the resistin and visfatin as good pro-inflammatory markers. In addition, both adipokines are strongly related to central obesity, in children. In addition, both adipokines are strongly related to central obesity, in children.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Resistência à Insulina , Doenças Metabólicas/diagnóstico , Nicotinamida Fosforribosiltransferase/análise , Obesidade Abdominal , Resistina/análise
2.
Acta cir. bras ; 31(11): 706-713, Nov. 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-827661

RESUMO

ABSTRACT PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of curcumin on visfatin and zinc-α2-glycoprotein (ZAG) expression levels in rats with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). METHODS: Fifty-six male rats were randomly divided into a control group (n=16) and model group (n=40) and were fed on a normal diet or a high-fat diet, respectively. Equal volumes of sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) were intragastrically administered to the control group for 4 weeks. At the end of the 12th week, visfatin and ZAG protein expression levels were examined by immunohistochemistry. Visfatin mRNA levels were measured by semi-quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the model group showed significantly increased expression of visfatin in liver tissue (P < 0.01) and significantly decreased expression of ZAG (P < 0.01). These effects were ameliorated by curcumin treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Visfatin and zinc-α2-glycoprotein may be involved in the pathogenesis of NAFLD. Treatment of NAFLD in rats by curcumin may be mediated by the decrease of visfatin and the increase of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Ratos , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Curcumina/uso terapêutico , Proteínas de Plasma Seminal/metabolismo , Nicotinamida Fosforribosiltransferase/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/metabolismo , Triglicerídeos/sangue , Distribuição Aleatória , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/administração & dosagem , Colesterol/sangue , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Curcumina/administração & dosagem , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/tratamento farmacológico , Fígado/patologia , Antioxidantes/administração & dosagem , Antioxidantes/uso terapêutico
3.
Int. j. morphol ; 33(4): 1502-1509, Dec. 2015. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-772345

RESUMO

This study investigated the effects of visfatin on the structure and the immunity levels in the small intestine of LPS-induced rats. Forty Wistar male and female SPF rats were randomly and equally divided into four groups: the saline (control), vistfatin, lipopolysaccharide (LPS), and visfatin+LPS co-stimulated. The functions of visfatin in the intestinal mucosal immunity were investigated by examining the variation of tissue structure, inflammation and immunity-related proteins in the intestine of immunologically stressed rats using HE staining, ELISA, immunohistochemistry and Western Blot. The results showed that, when compared with the control group, the visfatin-treated group showed a decrease in the intestinal villus height and width, and a significant increase in the levels of IL-6 and TNF-ð as well as Immunoglobulin A (IgA) positive cells. Additionally, when compared with the LPS-treated group, the visfatin+LPS co-stimulated group showed a decrease in the villus height and width as well as the levels of IL-6 and TNF-ð, and an increase in IgA levels, implying a shrinking response to LPS injection. All the results suggest that, under normal physiological conditions, visfatin disturbs the body's homeostasis and causes intestinal villus atrophy by increasing IgA expression. While under immune response conditions, LPS acts as an exogenous antigen to promote visfatin against LPS-induced inflammation by decreasing the expression of IgA. Under immune stress conditions, visfatin as an exogenous stimulus promotes the immune response by regulating the protein levels of IL-6, TNF-ð and IgA.


Este estudio investigó los efectos de la visfatina sobre la estructura y los niveles de inmunidad en el intestino delgado de ratas inducidas por lipopolisacáridos (LPS). Cuarenta ratas Wistar se dividieron aleatoriamente e igualmente en cuatro grupos: solución salina (control), vistafin, LPS y visfatina + LPS co-estimuladas. Las funciones de la visfatina en la inmunidad de la mucosa intestinal se investigaron mediante el examen de variación de la estructura del tejido, la inflamación y las proteínas relacionadas con la inmunidad en el intestino de ratas estresadas inmunológicamente; usando tinción HE, ELISA, inmunohistoquímica y Western Blot. Los resultados mostraron que, en comparación con el grupo control, el grupo tratado con visfatina presentó una disminución en la altura y ancho de las vellosidades intestinales, y un aumento significativo en los niveles de IL-6 y TNF-ð, así como inmunoglobulina A (IgA células positivas). Además, al comparar este grupo con el grupo tratado con LPS- el grupo visfatina + LPS co-estimulado mostró una disminución en la altura y ancho de las vellosidades, así como en los niveles de IL-6 y TNF-ð, y un aumento en los niveles de IgA, lo que implica reducción de una respuesta a la inyección LPS. Todos los resultados sugieren que, en condiciones fisiológicas normales, la visfatina perturba la homeostasis del cuerpo y provoca la atrofia de las vellosidades intestinales mediante el aumento de la expresión de IgA. Mientras que bajo condiciones de la respuesta inmune, LPS actúa como un antígeno exógeno para promover visfatina contra la inflamación inducida por LPS por la disminución de la expresión de IgA. En condiciones de estrés inmunológico, la visfatina como estímulo exógeno promueve la respuesta inmune mediante la regulación de los niveles de proteína de IL-6, TNF-ð e IgA.


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Feminino , Ratos , Mucosa Intestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Mucosa Intestinal/imunologia , Nicotinamida Fosforribosiltransferase/administração & dosagem , Western Blotting , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Imunidade nas Mucosas/efeitos dos fármacos , Imunoglobulina A/análise , Imuno-Histoquímica , Ratos Wistar
4.
Int. j. morphol ; 33(1): 194-203, Mar. 2015. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-743785

RESUMO

The present study was to investigate the effects of visfatin on the morphological structure and function of the rat uterus during inflammation. The expression and distribution of visfatin, morphological structure, eosinophils (EOS), myeloperoxidase (MPO) and cytokines in the uterus of the LPS-induced rat were studied using hematoxylin-eosin staining (HE), immunohistochemical methods, western blots and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The present study showed that visfatin positive cells dispersed widely in the uterus, and strong positive staining was observed mainly in the cell cytoplasm. Compared with saline group, in visfatin group, more uterine glands were found, EOS increased, and the difference was significant (P<0.05), MPO reduced, and the difference was significant (P<0.01). In addition, visfatin was able to increase the secretion of IL-1b, IL-6, and TNF-a (P<0.01). Compared with LPS group, in vifatin+LPS group, the uterine glands of the lamina propria increased, the myometrium became thinner, the number of EOS and MPO reduced obviously, but the difference was not significant (P>0.05), and after LPS stimulated body, visfatin decrease the level of IL-1b, IL-6, TNF-a (P<0.01). The above results suggest that visfatin could affect the morphological structure of rat uterus; Visfatin could modulate the inflammatory response in rats' uterus by regulating the quantity of inflammatory cells, such as EOS and MPO, and the level of inflammatory cytokines, such as IL-1b, IL-6, TNF-a.


El objetivo del presente estudio fue investigar los efectos de la visfatina sobre la estructura morfológica y la función del útero de la rata durante la inflamación. Se estudiaron la expresión y distribución de la visfatina, la estructura morfológica, eosinófilos, mieloperoxidasa y citoquinas en el útero de rata mediante la tinción de H&E, métodos inmunohistoquímicos, Western blots y ELISA. El estudio mostró que las células visfatina positivas se dispersan ampliamente en el útero, junto a una fuerte tinción positiva, principalmente en el citoplasma de la célula. En comparación con el grupo control, en el grupo visfatina, se encontraron más glándulas uterinas, se observó un aumento de EOS y la diferencia fue significativa (p<0,05), MPO reducida siendo esta diferencia también significativa (p<0,01). Además, la visfatina fue capaz de aumentar la secreción de IL-1b, IL-6 y TNF-a (P<0,01). En comparación con el grupo LPS, visfatina+grupo LPS, las glándulas uterinas de la lámina propia aumentaron, se observó un miometrio más delgado, y número reducido de EOS y MPO, sin embargo, la diferencia no fue significativa (P>0,05). Después de estímulo LPS en el cuerpo, se registró un nivel menor de visfatina en IL-1b, IL-6, TNF-a (P<0,01). Los resultados anteriores sugieren que visfatina podría afectar a la estructura morfológica del útero de rata. Además, podría modular la respuesta inflamatoria en el útero mediante la regulación de la cantidad de células inflamatorias, tales como EOS y MPO.


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Ratos , Útero/efeitos dos fármacos , Lipopolissacarídeos/toxicidade , Nicotinamida Fosforribosiltransferase/farmacologia , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Imuno-Histoquímica , Western Blotting , Ratos Wistar , Peroxidase/efeitos dos fármacos , Inflamação , Neutrófilos/efeitos dos fármacos
5.
Int. j. morphol ; 32(4): 1457-1463, Dec. 2014. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-734698

RESUMO

The histological changes in the spleen and the immunohistochemical expression of visfatin in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated piglets are reported to examine the relation between visfatin and inflammation. The results are as follows: (1) After LPS treated, the spleen displayed thicker capsules and trabecula, the thinner periarterial lymphatic sheath, and the more expandable splenic sinusoid, with an increase in the number of splenic nodules, lymphocytes, ellipsoids of the marginal zone, red blood cells and macrophagocytes. (2) Visfatin-positive cells were mainly distributed in the red pulp of the spleen, with less in splenic nodules and periarterial lymphatic sheath. In the LPS-treated group, the signal intensity and quantity of the visfatin-positive cells were significantly higher in the red pulp and the ellipsoids of the spleen (P<0.01), whereas lower in the periarterial lymphatic sheath. These results indicate that LPS stimulation induces inflammation, causing the histological changes of the piglet spleen and activating humoral immune response. Moreover, variation of visfatin in the spleen suggests that lymphocytes and macrophages are the potent source of visfatin which participates in the humoral immune response in the inflammation.


Se presentan los cambios histológicos en el bazo y la expresión inmunohistoquímica de visfatin en lechones estimulados mediante lipopolisacáridos (LPS) con el objetivo de estudiar la relación entre visfatin e inflamación. Los resultados fueron los siguientes: (1) Después del tratamiento por LPS se observaron en el bazo cápsulas más gruesas y trabéculas, una vaina linfática periarterial más delgada, y más sinusoides esplénicos expandible, con un aumento en el número de nódulos esplénicos, linfocitos, elipsoides de la zona marginal, como también un aumento de las células rojas de la sangre y los macrofagocitos. (2) Las células visfatina-positivas se distribuyeron principalmente en la pulpa roja del bazo, con una cantidad menor en los nódulos esplénicos y la vaina linfática periarterial. En el grupo tratado con LPS, la intensidad de la señal y número de células positivas fueron significativamente mayor en la pulpa roja y los elipsoides del bazo (P<0,01), mientras que estas fueron menores en la vaina linfática periarterial. Estos resultados indican que la estimulación con LPS induce la inflamación provocando cambios histológicos del bazo de los lechones y la activación de la respuesta inmune humoral. Por otra parte, la variación de visfatin en el bazo sugiere que los linfocitos y los macrófagos son una fuente potente de visfatin en la respuesta inmune humoral de la inflamación.


Assuntos
Animais , Polissacarídeos/metabolismo , Baço/efeitos dos fármacos , Baço/metabolismo , Nicotinamida Fosforribosiltransferase/metabolismo , Suínos , Imuno-Histoquímica
6.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 47(3): 192-205, 03/2014. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-704621

RESUMO

Numerous studies address the physiology of adipose tissue (AT). The interest surrounding the physiology of AT is primarily the result of the epidemic outburst of obesity in various contemporary societies. Briefly, the two primary metabolic activities of white AT include lipogenesis and lipolysis. Throughout the last two decades, a new model of AT physiology has emerged. Although AT was considered to be primarily an abundant energy source, it is currently considered to be a prolific producer of biologically active substances, and, consequently, is now recognized as an endocrine organ. In addition to leptin, other biologically active substances secreted by AT, generally classified as cytokines, include adiponectin, interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, resistin, vaspin, visfatin, and many others now collectively referred to as adipokines. The secretion of such biologically active substances by AT indicates its importance as a metabolic regulator. Cell turnover of AT has also recently been investigated in terms of its biological role in adipogenesis. Consequently, the objective of this review is to provide a comprehensive critical review of the current literature concerning the metabolic (lipolysis, lipogenesis) and endocrine actions of AT.


Assuntos
Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , Ratos , Adipócitos/metabolismo , Adipogenia/fisiologia , Tecido Adiposo Branco/fisiologia , Lipólise/fisiologia , Obesidade/fisiopatologia , Adipocinas/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Leptina/metabolismo , Nicotinamida Fosforribosiltransferase/metabolismo , Resistina/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia
7.
Arq. bras. endocrinol. metab ; 58(1): 42-47, 02/2014. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-705237

RESUMO

Objective : Visfatin is a recently discovered adipocytokine that contributes to glucose and obesity-related conditions. Until now, its responses to the insulin-sensitizing agent metformin and to exercise are largely unknown. We aim to investigate the impact of metformin treatment and/or swimming exercise on serum visfatin and visfatin levels in subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT), peri-renal adipose tissue (PAT) and skeletal muscle (SM) of high-fat-induced obesity rats. Materials and methods : Sprague-Dawley rats were fed a normal diet or a high-fat diet for 16 weeks to develop obesity model. The high-fat-induced obesity model rats were then randomized to metformin (MET), swimming exercise (SWI), or adjunctive therapy of metformin and swimming exercise (MAS), besides high-fat obesity control group and a normal control group, all with 10 rats per group. Zoometric and glycemic parameters, lipid profile, and serum visfatin levels were assessed at baseline and after 6 weeks of therapy. Visfatin levels in SAT, PAT and SM were determined by Western Blot. Results : Metformin and swimming exercise improved lipid profile, and increased insulin sensitivity and body weight reduction were observed. Both metformin and swimming exercise down-regulated visfatin levels in SAT and PAT, while the adjunctive therapy conferred greater benefits, but no changes of visfatin levels were observed in SM. Conclusion : Our results indicate that visfatin down-regulation in SAT and PAT may be one of the mechanisms by which metformin and swimming exercise inhibit obesity. .


Objetivo : A visfatina é uma adipocina recentemente descoberta que contribui com as condições relacionadas à glicose e à obesidade. Até hoje, pouco se sabe da sua resposta à metformina, um agente sensibilizador de insulina, e ao exercício. Nosso objetivo foi investigar o impacto do tratamento com metformina e/ou da natação sobre a visfatina no soro e no tecido adiposo subcutâneo (TAS), tecido adiposo perirrenal (TAP) e músculo esquelético (ME) em ratos com obesidade induzida por dieta com alto teor de gordura. Materiais e métodos : Ratos Sprague-Dawley foram alimentados com uma dieta normal ou com alto teor de gordura por 16 semanas para o desenvolvimento de um modelo de obesidade. Os ratos do modelo de obesidade foram, então, randomizados para a metformina, natação ou terapia de combinação com metformina e natação, além do grupo controle de obesidade induzida por alto teor de gordura e do grupo controle normal. Cada grupo apresentava 10 ratos. Parâmetros zoométricos e glicêmicos, perfil lipídico e níveis de visfatina sérica foram avaliados no momento inicial e após seis semanas de tratamento. Os níveis de visfatina em TAS, TAP e ME foram determinados por Western Blot. Resultados : A metformina e a natação melhoraram o perfil lipídico e aumentaram a sensibilidade à insulina, com redução do peso corporal. Tanto a metformina quanto a natação levaram à regulação para baixo dos níveis de visfatina no TAS e TAP, enquanto a terapia de combinação apresentou os maiores benefícios, mas não foram observadas alterações nos níveis de visfatina no ME. Conclusão : Nossos resultados indicam que a regulação para baixo da visfatina no TAS e TAP pode ser um dos mecanismos pelos quais a metformina ...


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Tecido Adiposo/enzimologia , Hipoglicemiantes/uso terapêutico , Metformina/uso terapêutico , Músculo Esquelético/enzimologia , Nicotinamida Fosforribosiltransferase/metabolismo , Obesidade/enzimologia , Natação/fisiologia , Tecido Adiposo/efeitos dos fármacos , Colesterol/sangue , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Regulação para Baixo , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Resistência à Insulina , Insulina/sangue , Músculo Esquelético/efeitos dos fármacos , Nicotinamida Fosforribosiltransferase/sangue , Obesidade/etiologia , Obesidade/terapia , Condicionamento Físico Animal/fisiologia , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Triglicerídeos/sangue
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