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Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 54(2): e00070, 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-951927

RESUMO

ABSTRACT The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of donor pH on the transdermal permeability of the model drugs across rat skin and also to determine the major route of transport of the drugs. Weakly acidic drugs (partition coefficient) ibuprofen (3.6), aceclofenac (3.9), glipizide (1.9) and weakly basic drugs olanzapine (3.6), telmisartan (6.0), and sildenafil citrate (1.9) were selected for the study. The ex vivo permeation studies of these drugs at different donor pH (pH - 1.2, 4, 5, 6.8, 7.4, and 8) using Franz diffusion cell (area, 7.54 cm2) has shown a pH-dependent permeability. Among these drugs the weakly acidic drugs has shown higher permeation rates compared to the weakly basic drugs. The permeability coefficient and the distribution coefficient of the weakly basic drugs increased on increasing the pH whereas the weakly acidic drugs showed an inverse relation. The weakly basic drugs also showed an increase in permeation with increase in the fraction of unionized species indicating dominance of transcellular route of permeation. With an exception of sildenafil citrate, a weakly basic salt form of the drug which showed a high permeation value at pH 7.4 where 57% of the drug was unionized, indicating the involvement of both paracellular and transcellular route in its permeation.


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Ratos , Aminoácidos Acídicos/análise , Sistemas de Transporte de Aminoácidos Básicos/análise , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio/efeitos dos fármacos , Pele , Solubilidade , Preparações Farmacêuticas/análise
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